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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-12-07 01:22:07 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001070
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01070
  • HMDB06257
Metabolite Identification
Common NameOctanoyl-CoA
DescriptionOctanoyl-CoA is a substrate for Trifunctional enzyme beta subunit (mitochondrial), Acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 1 (peroxisomal), 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase (mitochondrial), 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase (peroxisomal), Nuclear receptor-binding factor 1, Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (long-chain specific, mitochondrial), Acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 3 (peroxisomal), HPDHase, Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (medium-chain specific, mitochondrial), Acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 2 (peroxisomal) and Peroxisomal carnitine O-octanoyltransferase.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Capryloyl-CoAHMDB
Capryloyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Octanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC29H50N7O17P3S
Average Molecular Weight893.73
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight893.219673435
IUPAC Name{[5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy({3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-[(2-{[2-(octanoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]propoxy})phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Nameoctanoyl-coenzyme A
CAS Registry Number1264-52-4
SMILES
CCCCCCCC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OCC1OC(C(O)C1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C12
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C29H50N7O17P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-20(38)57-13-12-31-19(37)10-11-32-27(41)24(40)29(2,3)15-50-56(47,48)53-55(45,46)49-14-18-23(52-54(42,43)44)22(39)28(51-18)36-17-35-21-25(30)33-16-34-26(21)36/h16-18,22-24,28,39-40H,4-15H2,1-3H3,(H,31,37)(H,32,41)(H,45,46)(H,47,48)(H2,30,33,34)(H2,42,43,44)
InChI KeyKQMZYOXOBSXMII-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl coas. These are acyl-CoAs carrying a 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct Parent2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Cellular process:

    Biochemical process:

Disposition

Biological location:

  Cell and elements:

    Cell:

  Subcellular:

Source:

  Biological:

    Plant:

Route of exposure:

  Enteral:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.47 g/LALOGPS
logP0.45ALOGPS
logP-4.1ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count26ChemAxon
Refractivity199.84 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability81.57 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1912000220-9b11519b56edd2ee2e36View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0933000000-e284a1608276fcd6d82aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1920000000-55d461927db02990f66bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0059-3911030340-f67f4b81132c4f964314View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-003r-2911010010-808f2ca30f372f07c257View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-fa25044ba9d73d317f9eView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • Fibroblasts
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency (I)Pw000514Pw000514 greyscalePw000514 simpleNot Available
Carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency (II)Pw000517Pw000517 greyscalePw000517 simpleNot Available
Ethylmalonic EncephalopathyPw000106Pw000106 greyscalePw000106 simpleNot Available
Fatty Acid Elongation In MitochondriaPw000022Pw000022 greyscalePw000022 simpleMap00062
Fatty acid MetabolismPw000023Pw000023 greyscalePw000023 simpleMap00071
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022409
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID371
KEGG Compound IDC01944
BioCyc IDCPD-196
BiGG ID38747
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID5982
PubChem Compound380
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15533
References
Synthesis ReferenceMilne, K. G.; Mehlert, A.; Ferguson, M. A. J. The use of Pseudomonas acyl-CoA synthetase to form acyl-CoAs from dicarboxylic fatty acids. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids (2001), 1531(1-2), 1-3.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Partanen ST, Novikov DK, Popov AN, Mursula AM, Hiltunen JK, Wierenga RK: The 1.3 A crystal structure of human mitochondrial Delta3-Delta2-enoyl-CoA isomerase shows a novel mode of binding for the fatty acyl group. J Mol Biol. 2004 Sep 24;342(4):1197-208. [PubMed:15351645 ]
  2. Schowalter DB, Matern D, Vockley J: In vitro correction of medium chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency with a recombinant adenoviral vector. Mol Genet Metab. 2005 Jun;85(2):88-95. Epub 2005 Mar 19. [PubMed:15896652 ]
  3. Gargus JJ, Boyle K, Bocian M, Roe DS, Vianey-Saban C, Roe CR: Respiratory complex II defect in siblings associated with a symptomatic secondary block in fatty acid oxidation. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2003;26(7):659-70. [PubMed:14707514 ]
  4. Parker AR: Binding of the human "electron transferring flavoprotein" (ETF) to the medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) involves an arginine and histidine residue. J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2003 Oct;18(5):453-62. [PubMed:14692513 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 113 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage.
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
P42765
Molecular weight:
41923.82
Reactions
Octanoyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxodecanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAA1
Uniprot ID:
P09110
Molecular weight:
34664.46
Reactions
Octanoyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxodecanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HADHB
Uniprot ID:
P55084
Molecular weight:
51293.955
Reactions
Octanoyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3-Oxodecanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Plays a role in valine and pyrimidine metabolism. Binds fatty acyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ALDH6A1
Uniprot ID:
Q02252
Molecular weight:
57839.31
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACADL
Uniprot ID:
P28330
Molecular weight:
47655.275
Reactions
Octanoyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Octenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACADS
Uniprot ID:
P16219
Molecular weight:
44296.705
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
This enzyme is specific for acyl chain lengths of 4 to 16.
Gene Name:
ACADM
Uniprot ID:
P11310
Molecular weight:
46587.98
Reactions
Octanoyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Octenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the desaturation of acyl-CoAs to 2-trans-enoyl-CoAs. Isoform 1 shows highest activity against medium-chain fatty acyl-CoAs and activity decreases with increasing chain length. Isoform 2 is active against a much broader range of substrates and shows activity towards very long-chain acyl-CoAs. Isoform 2 is twice as active as isoform 1 against 16-hydroxy-palmitoyl-CoA and is 25% more active against 1,16-hexadecanodioyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ACOX1
Uniprot ID:
Q15067
Molecular weight:
70135.205
Reactions
Octanoyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Octenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Oxidizes the CoA esters of the bile acid intermediates di- and tri-hydroxycholestanoic acids.
Gene Name:
ACOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q99424
Molecular weight:
76826.14
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
IVD
Uniprot ID:
P26440
Molecular weight:
43055.325

Transporters

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Involved in translocation of long-chain fatty acids (LFCA) across the plasma membrane. The LFCA import appears to be hormone-regulated in a tissue-specific manner. In adipocytes, but not myocytes, insulin induces a rapid translocation of FATP1 from intracellular compartments to the plasma membrane, paralleled by increased LFCA uptake. May act directly as a bona fide transporter, or alternatively, in a cytoplasmic or membrane- associated multimeric protein complex to trap and draw fatty acids towards accumulation. Plays a pivotal role in regulating available LFCA substrates from exogenous sources in tissues undergoing high levels of beta-oxidation or triglyceride synthesis. May be involved in regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Has acyl-CoA ligase activity for long-chain and very-long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
SLC27A1
Uniprot ID:
Q6PCB7
Molecular weight:
71107.5

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 113 proteins in total.