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Record Information
Version4.0
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-09-27 08:02:49 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001086
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01086
Metabolite Identification
Common NameUroporphyrinogen III
DescriptionUroporphyrinogens are porphyrinogen variants in which each pyrrole ring has one acetate side chain and one propionate side chain; it is formed by condensation 4 four molecules of porphobilinogen. 4 isomers are possible but only 2 commoly are found, types I and III. Uroporphyrinogen III is a functional intermediate in heme biosynthesis while Uroporphyrinogen I is produced in an abortive side reaction.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3,8,13,17-Tetrakis(carboxymethyl)-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydro-21H,23H-porphine-2,7,12,18-tetrapropanoic acidChEBI
3,8,13,17-Tetrakis(carboxymethyl)-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydroporphyrin-2,7,12,18-tetrapropionic acidChEBI
Uro'gen IIIChEBI
3,8,13,17-Tetrakis(carboxymethyl)-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydro-21H,23H-porphine-2,7,12,18-tetrapropanoateGenerator
3,8,13,17-Tetrakis(carboxymethyl)-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydroporphyrin-2,7,12,18-tetrapropionateGenerator
3,8,13,17-Tetrakis(carboxymethyl)-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydro-2,7,12,18-porphinetetrapropionateHMDB
3,8,13,17-Tetrakis(carboxymethyl)-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydro-2,7,12,18-porphinetetrapropionic acidHMDB
3,8,13,17-Tetrakis(carboxymethyl)-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydroporphyrin-2,7,12,18-tetrapropanoateHMDB
3,8,13,17-Tetrakis(carboxymethyl)-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydroporphyrin-2,7,12,18-tetrapropanoic acidHMDB
Urogen IIIHMDB
Uroporphyrinogen-IIIHMDB
UroporphyrinogensMeSH
Chemical FormulaC40H44N4O16
Average Molecular Weight836.7946
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight836.27523138
IUPAC Name3-[9,14,20-tris(2-carboxyethyl)-5,10,15,19-tetrakis(carboxymethyl)-21,22,23,24-tetraazapentacyclo[16.2.1.1³,⁶.1⁸,¹¹.1¹³,¹⁶]tetracosa-1(20),3,5,8,10,13,15,18-octaen-4-yl]propanoic acid
Traditional Nameuroporphyrinogen-III
CAS Registry Number1976-85-8
SMILES
OC(=O)CCC1=C2CC3=C(CCC(O)=O)C(CC(O)=O)=C(CC4=C(CC(O)=O)C(CCC(O)=O)=C(CC5=C(CC(O)=O)C(CCC(O)=O)=C(CC(N2)=C1CC(O)=O)N5)N4)N3
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C40H44N4O16/c45-33(46)5-1-17-21(9-37(53)54)29-14-27-19(3-7-35(49)50)22(10-38(55)56)30(43-27)15-28-20(4-8-36(51)52)24(12-40(59)60)32(44-28)16-31-23(11-39(57)58)18(2-6-34(47)48)26(42-31)13-25(17)41-29/h41-44H,1-16H2,(H,45,46)(H,47,48)(H,49,50)(H,51,52)(H,53,54)(H,55,56)(H,57,58)(H,59,60)
InChI KeyHUHWZXWWOFSFKF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as porphyrins. These are compounds containing a fundamental skeleton of four pyrrole nuclei united through the alpha-positions by four methine groups to form a macrocyclic structure.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
Sub ClassTetrapyrroles and derivatives
Direct ParentPorphyrins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Porphyrin
  • Substituted pyrrole
  • Pyrrole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Azacycle
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

  Biofluid and excreta:

Source:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.044 g/LALOGPS
logP0.67ALOGPS
logP1.39ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.21ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count16ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count12ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area361.56 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count20ChemAxon
Refractivity206.93 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability81.55 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-106r-0000000980-8aa242b9a95e3ad92890View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-05fr-0000000910-5ea901953b2295eabfb6View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0ab9-0000000900-fe3587925504317b1a70View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00xr-0000000930-6a464d08b50b7b5e266cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-00di-0000000910-22d2fcd94b453076587dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00di-2000000900-342f06471315f49e3debView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Acute Intermittent PorphyriaPw000174Pw000174 greyscalePw000174 simpleNot Available
Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria (CEP) or Gunther DiseasePw000176Pw000176 greyscalePw000176 simpleNot Available
Hereditary Coproporphyria (HCP)Pw000211Pw000211 greyscalePw000211 simpleNot Available
Porphyria Variegata (PV)Pw000175Pw000175 greyscalePw000175 simpleNot Available
Porphyrin MetabolismPw000158Pw000158 greyscalePw000158 simpleMap00860
Displaying all 5 entries
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot Available
Normal
    details
    Abnormal Concentrations
    Not Available
    Associated Disorders and Diseases
    Disease ReferencesNone
    Associated OMIM IDsNone
    DrugBank IDNot Available
    DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
    FoodDB IDFDB022417
    KNApSAcK IDNot Available
    Chemspider ID1146
    KEGG Compound IDC01051
    BioCyc IDUROPORPHYRINOGEN-III
    BiGG ID36704
    Wikipedia LinkUroporphyrinogen III
    METLIN ID79
    PubChem Compound1179
    PDB IDUP2
    ChEBI ID15437
    References
    Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
    General References
    1. Aizencang G, Solis C, Bishop DF, Warner C, Desnick RJ: Human uroporphyrinogen-III synthase: genomic organization, alternative promoters, and erythroid-specific expression. Genomics. 2000 Dec 1;70(2):223-31. [PubMed:11112350 ]
    2. Martins BM, Grimm B, Mock HP, Huber R, Messerschmidt A: Crystal structure and substrate binding modeling of the uroporphyrinogen-III decarboxylase from Nicotiana tabacum. Implications for the catalytic mechanism. J Biol Chem. 2001 Nov 23;276(47):44108-16. Epub 2001 Aug 27. [PubMed:11524417 ]

    Enzymes

    General function:
    Involved in uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity
    Specific function:
    Catalyzes the decarboxylation of four acetate groups of uroporphyrinogen-III to yield coproporphyrinogen-III.
    Gene Name:
    UROD
    Uniprot ID:
    P06132
    Molecular weight:
    40786.58
    Reactions
    Uroporphyrinogen III → Coproporphyrinogen III + CO(2)details
    Uroporphyrinogen III → Coproporphyrinogen III + Carbon dioxidedetails
    General function:
    Involved in uroporphyrinogen-III synthase activity
    Specific function:
    Catalyzes cyclization of the linear tetrapyrrole, hydroxymethylbilane, to the macrocyclic uroporphyrinogen III, the branch point for the various sub-pathways leading to the wide diversity of porphyrins. Porphyrins act as cofactors for a multitude of enzymes that perform a variety of processes within the cell such as methionine synthesis (vitamin B12) or oxygen transport (heme).
    Gene Name:
    UROS
    Uniprot ID:
    P10746
    Molecular weight:
    28627.37
    Reactions
    Hydroxymethylbilane → Uroporphyrinogen III + Waterdetails