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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:03:55 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01143
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameInositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate
DescriptionInositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate is a specific regulator of cellular signaling.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
D-myo-Inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphateKegg
D-myo-Inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphoric acidGenerator
Inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphoric acidGenerator
1,3,4-ItpHMDB
1D-myo-Inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphateHMDB
I3SHMDB
Inositol 1,3,4-triphosphateHMDB
myo-Inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H15O15P3
Average Molecular Weight420.0956
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight419.962379346
IUPAC Name{[(1S,2R,3R,4S,5S,6S)-2,3,5-trihydroxy-4,6-bis(phosphonooxy)cyclohexyl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Nameinositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate
CAS Registry Number98102-63-7
SMILES
O[C@@H]1[C@@H](O)[C@H](OP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](OP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1OP(O)(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H15O15P3/c7-1-2(8)5(20-23(13,14)15)6(21-24(16,17)18)3(9)4(1)19-22(10,11)12/h1-9H,(H2,10,11,12)(H2,13,14,15)(H2,16,17,18)/t1-,2-,3+,4+,5+,6+/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=MMWCIQZXVOZEGG-MLQGYMEPSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as inositol phosphates. These are compounds containing a phosphate group attached to an inositol (or cyclohexanehexol) moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassAlcohols and polyols
Sub ClassCyclic alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentInositol phosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Inositol phosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Cyclohexanol
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Inositol phosphate metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility14.8 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.86ALOGPS
logP-4.2ChemAxon
logS-1.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.54ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area260.97 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity68.39 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability29.69 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Inositol MetabolismSMP00011map00562
Inositol Phosphate MetabolismSMP00462map00562
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022450
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID388561
KEGG Compound IDC01243
BioCyc IDINOSITOL-1-3-4-TRIPHOSPHATE
BiGG ID37172
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01143
Metagene LinkHMDB01143
METLIN ID6035
PubChem Compound439455
PDB IDI3S
ChEBI ID18228
References
Synthesis ReferenceMarecek J F; Estevez V A; Prestwich G D New tetherable derivatives of myo-inositol 2,4,5- and 1,3,4-trisphosphates. Carbohydrate research (1992), 234 65-73.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Major isoenzyme hydrolyzing the calcium-mobilizing second messenger Ins(1,4,5)P3, this is a signal-terminating reaction.
Gene Name:
INPP5A
Uniprot ID:
Q14642
Molecular weight:
47819.155
Reactions
Inositol 1,3,4,5-tetraphosphate + Water → Inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
INPP1
Uniprot ID:
P49441
Molecular weight:
43997.62
Reactions
Inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate + Water → 1D-Myo-inositol 3,4-bisphosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Inositol 5-phosphatase, which converts inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate to inositol 1,4-bisphosphate. Also converts phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate to phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate to inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate in vitro. May be involved in modulation of the function of inositol and phosphatidylinositol polyphosphate-binding proteins that are present at membranes ruffles (By similarity).
Gene Name:
INPP5J
Uniprot ID:
Q15735
Molecular weight:
70238.575
Reactions
Inositol 1,3,4,5-tetraphosphate + Water → Inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Inositol 5-phosphatase which acts on inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate. Has 6-fold higher affinity for phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate than for inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. May negatively regulate assembly of the actin cytoskeleton.
Gene Name:
INPP5K
Uniprot ID:
Q9BT40
Molecular weight:
42783.425
Reactions
Inositol 1,3,4,5-tetraphosphate + Water → Inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) phosphatase that specifically hydrolyzes the 5-phosphate of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) to produce PtdIns(3,4)P2, thereby negatively regulating the PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) pathways. Plays a central role in regulation of PI3K-dependent insulin signaling, although the precise molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways remain unclear. While overexpression reduces both insulin-stimulated MAP kinase and Akt activation, its absence does not affect insulin signaling or GLUT4 trafficking. Confers resistance to dietary obesity. May act by regulating AKT2, but not AKT1, phosphorylation at the plasma membrane. Part of a signaling pathway that regulates actin cytoskeleton remodeling. Required for the maintenance and dynamic remodeling of actin structures as well as in endocytosis, having a major impact on ligand-induced EGFR internalization and degradation. Participates in regulation of cortical and submembraneous actin by hydrolyzing PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 thereby regulating membrane ruffling. Regulates cell adhesion and cell spreading. Required for HGF-mediated lamellipodium formation, cell scattering and spreading. Acts as a negative regulator of EPHA2 receptor endocytosis by inhibiting via PI3K-dependent Rac1 activation. Acts as a regulator of neuritogenesis by regulating PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 level and is required to form an initial protrusive pattern, and later, maintain proper neurite outgrowth. Acts as a negative regulator of the FC-gamma-RIIA receptor (FCGR2A). Mediates signaling from the FC-gamma-RIIB receptor (FCGR2B), playing a central role in terminating signal transduction from activating immune/hematopoietic cell receptor systems. Involved in EGF signaling pathway. Upon stimulation by EGF, it is recruited by EGFR and dephosphorylates PtdIns(3,4,5)P3. Plays a negative role in regulating the PI3K-PKB pathway, possibly by inhibiting PKB activity. Down-regulates Fc-gamma-R-mediated phagocytosis in macrophages independently of INPP5D/SHIP1. In macrophages, down-regulates NF-kappa-B-dependent gene transcription by regulating macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF)-induced signaling. May also hydrolyze PtdIns(1,3,4,5)P4, and could thus affect the levels of the higher inositol polyphosphates like InsP6.
Gene Name:
INPPL1
Uniprot ID:
O15357
Molecular weight:
138597.495
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Kinase that can phosphorylate various inositol polyphosphate such as Ins(3,4,5,6)P4 or Ins(1,3,4)P3. Phosphorylates Ins(3,4,5,6)P4 at position 1 to form Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5. This reaction is thought to have regulatory importance, since Ins(3,4,5,6)P4 is an inhibitor of plasma membrane Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels, while Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 is not. Also phosphorylates Ins(1,3,4)P3 on O-5 and O-6 to form Ins(1,3,4,6)P4, an essential molecule in the hexakisphosphate (InsP6) pathway. Also acts as an inositol polyphosphate phosphatase that dephosphorylate Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 and Ins(1,3,4,6)P4 to Ins(1,3,4)P3, and Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 to Ins(3,4,5,6)P4. May also act as an isomerase that interconverts the inositol tetrakisphosphate isomers Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 and Ins(1,3,4,6)P4 in the presence of ADP and magnesium. Probably acts as the rate-limiting enzyme of the InsP6 pathway. Modifies TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis by interfering with the activation of TNFRSF1A-associated death domain.
Gene Name:
ITPK1
Uniprot ID:
Q13572
Molecular weight:
45620.645
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate → ADP + Inositol 1,3,4,5-tetraphosphatedetails
Adenosine triphosphate + Inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate → ADP + 1D-Myo-inositol 1,3,4,6-tetrakisphosphatedetails