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Record Information
Version4.0
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-09-27 08:03:20 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001157
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01157
Metabolite Identification
Common Name2-Methylacetoacetyl-CoA
Description2-Methylacetoacetyl-CoA is a substrate for 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase type II, 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase (mitochondrial), Peroxisomal bifunctional enzyme, Trifunctional enzyme beta subunit (mitochondrial), Short chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (mitochondrial) and 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase (peroxisomal).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-Methyl-3-acetoacetyl-CoAHMDB
2-Methyl-3-acetoacetyl-coenzyme AHMDB
2-Methylacetoacetyl-coenzyme AHMDB
alpha-Methylacetoacetyl-CoAHMDB
alpha-Methylacetoacetyl-coenzyme AHMDB
S-(2-Methyl-3-oxobutanoateHMDB
S-(2-Methyl-3-oxobutanoate) CoAHMDB
S-(2-Methyl-3-oxobutanoate) coenzyme AHMDB
S-(2-Methyl-3-oxobutanoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC26H42N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight865.634
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight865.151987801
IUPAC Name{[5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(2-methyl-3-oxobutanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy)phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name2-methylacetoacetyl-coa
CAS Registry Number6712-01-2
SMILES
CC(C(C)=O)C(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OCC1OC(C(O)C1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C12
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C26H42N7O18P3S/c1-13(14(2)34)25(39)55-8-7-28-16(35)5-6-29-23(38)20(37)26(3,4)10-48-54(45,46)51-53(43,44)47-9-15-19(50-52(40,41)42)18(36)24(49-15)33-12-32-17-21(27)30-11-31-22(17)33/h11-13,15,18-20,24,36-37H,5-10H2,1-4H3,(H,28,35)(H,29,38)(H,43,44)(H,45,46)(H2,27,30,31)(H2,40,41,42)
InChI KeyNHNODHRSCRALBF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as 3-oxo-acyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a 3-oxo acylated coenzyme A derivative.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassFatty Acyls
Direct Parent3-oxo-acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • 1,3-dicarbonyl compound
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Imidolactam
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Ketone
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Azacycle
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

Source:

  Biological:

    Animal:

Route of exposure:

  Enteral:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Cellular process:

    Biochemical process:

    Chemical reaction:

Role

Indirect biological role:

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.56 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.3ALOGPS
logP-6.2ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area380.7 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count22ChemAxon
Refractivity186.68 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability76.26 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-0a4i-0129200000-460e461738a3efcf73f4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1912000120-5f327e333328fcc70202View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-1913000000-650b2ea011795e9bf110View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2911000000-6bbf6c241dd6d98b053cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00nb-9711030540-eef9a46a054a7b270589View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-003r-4910110010-e2d95b02d06d6a01ee2bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-d40d902d22d384d0d334View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
2-Methyl-3-Hydroxybutryl CoA Dehydrogenase DeficiencyPw000061Pw000061 greyscalePw000061 simpleNot Available
3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Lyase DeficiencyPw000063Pw000063 greyscalePw000063 simpleNot Available
3-Methylcrotonyl Coa Carboxylase Deficiency Type IPw000065Pw000065 greyscalePw000065 simpleNot Available
3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria Type IPw000066Pw000066 greyscalePw000066 simpleNot Available
3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria Type IIIPw000067Pw000067 greyscalePw000067 simpleNot Available
Displaying entries 1 - 5 of 17 in total
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022455
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID52
KEGG Compound IDC03344
BioCyc ID2-METHYL-ACETO-ACETYL-COA
BiGG ID41671
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6040
PubChem Compound53
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15476
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage.
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
P42765
Molecular weight:
41923.82
Reactions
Propionyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 2-Methylacetoacetyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAA1
Uniprot ID:
P09110
Molecular weight:
34664.46
Reactions
Propionyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 2-Methylacetoacetyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HADHB
Uniprot ID:
P55084
Molecular weight:
51293.955
Reactions
Propionyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 2-Methylacetoacetyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Functions in mitochondrial tRNA maturation. Part of mitochondrial ribonuclease P, an enzyme composed of MRPP1/TRMT10C, MRPP2/HSD17B10 and MRPP3/KIAA0391, which cleaves tRNA molecules in their 5'-ends. By interacting with intracellular amyloid-beta, it may contribute to the neuronal dysfunction associated with Alzheimer disease (AD).
Gene Name:
HSD17B10
Uniprot ID:
Q99714
Molecular weight:
25983.695
Reactions
2-Methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA + NAD → 2-Methylacetoacetyl-CoA + NADHdetails
2-Methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA + NAD → 2-Methylacetoacetyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
EHHADH
Uniprot ID:
Q08426
Molecular weight:
69153.26
Reactions
2-Methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA + NAD → 2-Methylacetoacetyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Plays an essential role in the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of short chain fatty acids. Exerts it highest activity toward 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA.
Gene Name:
HADH
Uniprot ID:
Q16836
Molecular weight:
36035.11
Reactions
2-Methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA + NAD → 2-Methylacetoacetyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Straight-chain enoyl-CoA thioesters from C4 up to at least C16 are processed, although with decreasing catalytic rate.
Gene Name:
ECHS1
Uniprot ID:
P30084
Molecular weight:
31387.085
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme acting on the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids. Catalyzes the formation of 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediates from both straight-chain and 2-methyl-branched-chain fatty acids.
Gene Name:
HSD17B4
Uniprot ID:
P51659
Molecular weight:
79685.715