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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:03:57 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01179
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameNicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide
DescriptionNicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate, (NAADP), is a Ca2+-mobilizing second messenger synthesized in response to extracellular stimuli. NAADP binds to and opens Ca2+ channels on intracellular organelles, thereby increasing the intracellular Ca2+ concentration which, in turn, modulates a variety of cellular processes. Structurally, it is a dinucleotide that only differs from the house-keeping enzyme cofactor, NADP by a hydroxyl group (replacing the nicotinamide amino group) and yet this minor modification converts it into the most potent Ca2+-mobilizing second messenger yet described.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
deamido-NADChEBI
deamido-NAD+ChEBI
deamino-NAD+ChEBI
Deamidonicotinamide adenine dinucleoetideHMDB
NAADHMDB
NaADNHMDB
NAADPHMDB
Nicotinate adenine dinucleotideHMDB
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC21H27N6O15P2
Average Molecular Weight665.4178
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight665.100962248
IUPAC Name1-[(2R,3R,4S,5R)-5-[({[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)methyl]-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]-3-carboxy-1λ⁵-pyridin-1-ylium
Traditional Namedeamido-NAD(+)
CAS Registry Number6450-77-7
SMILES
NC1=C2N=CN([C@@H]3O[C@H](COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]4O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]4O)[N+]4=CC=CC(=C4)C(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]3O)C2=NC=N1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H26N6O15P2/c22-17-12-18(24-7-23-17)27(8-25-12)20-16(31)14(29)11(41-20)6-39-44(36,37)42-43(34,35)38-5-10-13(28)15(30)19(40-10)26-3-1-2-9(4-26)21(32)33/h1-4,7-8,10-11,13-16,19-20,28-31H,5-6H2,(H4-,22,23,24,32,33,34,35,36,37)/p+1/t10-,11-,13-,14-,15-,16-,19-,20-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=SENPVEZBRZQVST-HISDBWNOSA-O
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine nucleotide sugars. These are purine nucleotides bound to a saccharide derivative through the terminal phosphate group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine nucleotide sugars
Direct ParentPurine nucleotide sugars
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine nucleotide sugar
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Pyridine carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Pyridine carboxylic acid
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Pyridinium
  • Pyridine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Monosaccharide
  • Saccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Organic cation
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Second messenger
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.88 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.89ALOGPS
logP-9.9ChemAxon
logS-2.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.81ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count16ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count8ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area312.47 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count11ChemAxon
Refractivity140.17 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability58.26 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014i-0000009000-1ae9f4d0896b777b28c3View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-014j-0000009000-f1d50bdee2c40a519304View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9730204000-6e772ef6b1bb54fbe399View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-0000009000-a61b90d48d56a74bb6c8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-03xr-0100109000-b0e0147bb3637f905fd9View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-01rt-9300000000-05f34f8e6f2c28916f6dView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
2-Hydroxyglutric Aciduria (D And L Form)SMP00136Not Available
4-Hydroxybutyric Aciduria/Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase DeficiencySMP00243Not Available
Glutamate MetabolismSMP00072map00250
HomocarnosinosisSMP00385Not Available
Hyperinsulinism-Hyperammonemia SyndromeSMP00339Not Available
Nicotinate and Nicotinamide MetabolismSMP00048map00760
Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiencySMP00567Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022469
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID145043
KEGG Compound IDC00857
BioCyc IDDEAMIDO-NAD
BiGG ID36219
Wikipedia LinkNAADP
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01179
Metagene LinkHMDB01179
METLIN ID4234
PubChem Compound165491
PDB IDNXX
ChEBI ID18304
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Involved primarily in ATP hydrolysis at the plasma membrane. Plays a role in regulating pyrophosphate levels, and functions in bone mineralization and soft tissue calcification. In vitro, has a broad specificity, hydrolyzing other nucleoside 5' triphosphates such as GTP, CTP, TTP and UTP to their corresponding monophosphates with release of pyrophosphate and diadenosine polyphosphates, and also 3',5'-cAMP to AMP. May also be involved in the regulation of the availability of nucleotide sugars in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi, and the regulation of purinergic signaling. Appears to modulate insulin sensitivity.
Gene Name:
ENPP1
Uniprot ID:
P22413
Molecular weight:
104923.58
Reactions
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + nicotinate beta-D-ribonucleotidedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Cleaves a variety of phosphodiester and phosphosulfate bonds including deoxynucleotides, nucleotide sugars, and NAD (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ENPP3
Uniprot ID:
O14638
Molecular weight:
100123.54
Reactions
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + nicotinate beta-D-ribonucleotidedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotidyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of NAD(+) from nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) and ATP. Can also use the deamidated form; nicotinic acid mononucleotide (NaMN) as substrate with the same efficiency. Can use triazofurin monophosphate (TrMP) as substrate. Also catalyzes the reverse reaction, i.e. the pyrophosphorolytic cleavage of NAD(+). For the pyrophosphorolytic activity, prefers NAD(+) and NAAD as substrates and degrades NADH, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NHD) and nicotinamide guanine dinucleotide (NGD) less effectively. Fails to cleave phosphorylated dinucleotides NADP(+), NADPH and NAADP(+). Protects against axonal degeneration following mechanical or toxic insults.
Gene Name:
NMNAT1
Uniprot ID:
Q9HAN9
Molecular weight:
31932.22
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + beta-nicotinate-D-ribonucleotide → Pyrophosphate + Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotidedetails
Adenosine triphosphate + nicotinate beta-D-ribonucleotide → Pyrophosphate + Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotidedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotidyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of NAD(+) from nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) and ATP. Can also use the deamidated form; nicotinic acid mononucleotide (NaMN) as substrate with the same efficiency. Can use triazofurin monophosphate (TrMP) as substrate. Can also use GTP and ITP as nucleotide donors. Also catalyzes the reverse reaction, i.e. the pyrophosphorolytic cleavage of NAD(+). For the pyrophosphorolytic activity, can use NAD (+), NADH, NAAD, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NHD), nicotinamide guanine dinucleotide (NGD) as substrates. Fails to cleave phosphorylated dinucleotides NADP(+), NADPH and NAADP(+). Protects against axonal degeneration following injury.
Gene Name:
NMNAT3
Uniprot ID:
Q96T66
Molecular weight:
18255.08
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + beta-nicotinate-D-ribonucleotide → Pyrophosphate + Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotidedetails
Adenosine triphosphate + nicotinate beta-D-ribonucleotide → Pyrophosphate + Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotidedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotidyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of NAD(+) from nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) and ATP. Can also use the deamidated form; nicotinic acid mononucleotide (NaMN) as substrate but with a lower efficiency. Cannot use triazofurin monophosphate (TrMP) as substrate. Also catalyzes the reverse reaction, i.e. the pyrophosphorolytic cleavage of NAD(+). For the pyrophosphorolytic activity prefers NAD(+), NADH and NAAD as substrates and degrades nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NHD) less effectively. Fails to cleave phosphorylated dinucleotides NADP(+), NADPH and NAADP(+).
Gene Name:
NMNAT2
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZQ4
Molecular weight:
34438.38
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + beta-nicotinate-D-ribonucleotide → Pyrophosphate + Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotidedetails
Adenosine triphosphate + nicotinate beta-D-ribonucleotide → Pyrophosphate + Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotidedetails
General function:
Involved in NAD+ synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
NADSYN1
Uniprot ID:
Q6IA69
Molecular weight:
79283.945
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide + L-Glutamine + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + NAD + L-Glutamic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes NAD(P)H to NMNH and AMP (2',5'-ADP), and diadenosine diphosphate to AMP. Has also activity towards NAD(P)(+), ADP-ribose and diadenosine triphosphate. May act to regulate the concentration of peroxisomal nicotinamide nucleotide cofactors required for oxidative metabolism in this organelle.
Gene Name:
NUDT12
Uniprot ID:
Q9BQG2
Molecular weight:
52075.475
Reactions
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + nicotinate beta-D-ribonucleotidedetails