You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-12-20 20:21:49 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01202
Metabolite Identification
Common NamedCMP
DescriptionDeoxycytidine (dihydrogen phosphate). A deoxycytosine nucleotide containing one phosphate group esterified to the deoxyribose moiety in the 2'-,3'- or 5- positions. Deficiency of the enzyme Deoxycytidine kinase (EC is associated with resistance to antiviral and anticancer chemotherapeutic agents, whereas increased enzyme activity is associated with increased activation of these compounds to cytotoxic nucleoside triphosphate derivatives. (OMIM 125450).
2'-Deoxycytidine 5'-monophosphateChEBI
2'-Deoxycytosine 5'-monophosphateChEBI
Deoxycytidine monophosphateChEBI
Deoxycytidylic acidChEBI
2'-Deoxycytidine 5'-monophosphoric acidGenerator
2'-DEOXYCYTIDINE-5'-monophosphoric acidGenerator
2'-Deoxycytosine 5'-monophosphoric acidGenerator
Deoxycytidine monophosphoric acidGenerator
Acid, deoxycytidylicMeSH
Deoxycytidylic acidsMeSH
Acids, deoxycytidylicMeSH
Monophosphate, deoxycytidineMeSH
Chemical FormulaC9H14N3O7P
Average Molecular Weight307.1971
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight307.056936329
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,5R)-5-(4-amino-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-1-yl)-3-hydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional NamedCMP
CAS Registry Number1032-65-1
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside monophosphates. These are pyrimidine nucleotides with a monophosphate group linked to the ribose moiety lacking a hydroxyl group at position 2.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPyrimidine nucleotides
Sub ClassPyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides
Direct ParentPyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside monophosphates
Alternative Parents
  • Pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Pyrimidone
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Hydropyrimidine
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Pyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:


Biological location:





Route of exposure:



Industrial application:

  Pharmaceutical industry:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility10.9 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.26ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.12ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area154.91 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity63.91 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability26.2 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-9410000000-f31bf162f5f972b9cf42View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-03dm-9522000000-d25b21eb547d23c4886dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-03di-0900000000-01bb64efeca205daaf6eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-03di-1900000000-13c56ec900e188e10ddbView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-03di-5900000000-4e6dd8fdc8a4142269a2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-0900000000-3b0a0a6948a49378ff1cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03di-4900000000-a901f489d4e9b8516bf2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03di-6900000000-d9e59981c244792a2f76View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a6r-9367000000-d5c1062e5203ec9699d4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9110000000-20768d2b834097ac11d7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-29f2d493f3f68928488bView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Lysosome
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Beta Ureidopropionase DeficiencyPw000187Pw000187 greyscalePw000187 simpleNot Available
Dihydropyrimidinase DeficiencyPw000189Pw000189 greyscalePw000189 simpleNot Available
MNGIE (Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal Encephalopathy)Pw000190Pw000190 greyscalePw000190 simpleNot Available
Pyrimidine MetabolismPw000160Pw000160 greyscalePw000160 simpleMap00240
UMP Synthase Deficiency (Orotic Aciduria)Pw000188Pw000188 greyscalePw000188 simpleNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022488
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID13343
KEGG Compound IDC00239
BiGG ID34352
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
PubChem Compound13945
ChEBI ID15918
Synthesis ReferenceTanaka, Toshiki; Yamada, Yasuki; Ikehara, Morio. Chemical synthesis of deoxyribonucleotide with a 5'-phosphoryl group on a polystyrene polymer support by the phosphotriester method. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (1987), 35(7), 2726-33.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Itoh K, Aida S, Ishiwata S, Yamaguchi T, Ishida N, Mizugaki M: Immunochemical detection of urinary 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine as a potential biologic marker for leukemia. Clin Chim Acta. 1995 Jan 31;234(1-2):37-45. [PubMed:7758221 ]
  2. Mills GC, Schmalstieg FC, Goldblum RM: Urinary excretion of modified purines and nucleosides in immunodeficient children. Biochem Med. 1985 Aug;34(1):37-51. [PubMed:4052062 ]
  3. Chen HJ, Wu CF, Hong CL, Chang CM: Urinary excretion of 3,N4-etheno-2'-deoxycytidine in humans as a biomarker of oxidative stress: association with cigarette smoking. Chem Res Toxicol. 2004 Jul;17(7):896-903. [PubMed:15257614 ]
  4. Zambonin CG, Aresta A, Palmisano F, Specchia G, Liso V: Liquid chromatographic determination of urinary 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine and pseudouridine as potential biological markers for leukaemia. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1999 Dec;21(5):1045-51. [PubMed:10703973 ]
  5. Abbruzzese JL, Grunewald R, Weeks EA, Gravel D, Adams T, Nowak B, Mineishi S, Tarassoff P, Satterlee W, Raber MN, et al.: A phase I clinical, plasma, and cellular pharmacology study of gemcitabine. J Clin Oncol. 1991 Mar;9(3):491-8. [PubMed:1999720 ]
  6. Zambonin CG, Palmisano F: Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry of 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine and its determination in urine by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 1999;13(21):2160-5. [PubMed:10523775 ]
  7. Masuda N, Matsui K, Yamamoto N, Nogami T, Nakagawa K, Negoro S, Takeda K, Takifuji N, Yamada M, Kudoh S, Okuda T, Nemoto S, Ogawa K, Myobudani H, Nihira S, Fukuoka M: Phase I trial of oral 2'-deoxy-2'-methylidenecytidine: on a daily x 14-day schedule. Clin Cancer Res. 2000 Jun;6(6):2288-94. [PubMed:10873079 ]
  8. Broder S: Pharmacodynamics of 2',3'-dideoxycytidine: an inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus. Am J Med. 1990 May 21;88(5B):2S-7S. [PubMed:1692446 ]
  9. Chen HJ, Lin TC, Hong CL, Chiang LC: Analysis of 3,N(4)-ethenocytosine in DNA and in human urine by isotope dilution gas chromatography/negative ion chemical ionization/mass spectrometry. Chem Res Toxicol. 2001 Dec;14(12):1612-9. [PubMed:11743744 ]
  10. Sottani C, Zucchetti M, Zaffaroni M, Bettinelli M, Minoia C: Validated procedure for simultaneous trace level determination of the anti-cancer agent gemcitabine and its metabolite in human urine by high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2004;18(10):1017-23. [PubMed:15150823 ]
  11. Mazurets AF, Kubyshkin VF, Dziuba MV: [The cytochemical characteristics of the blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes in dilated cardiomyopathy and an inflammatory myocardial lesion]. Lik Sprava. 1994 Jul-Aug;(7-8):109-12. [PubMed:7900329 ]
  12. Zegers BJ, Stoop JW, Staal GE, Wadman SK: An approach to the restoration of T cell function in a purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficient patient. Ciba Found Symp. 1978;(68):231-53. [PubMed:115663 ]
  13. de Bono JS, Stephenson J Jr, Baker SD, Hidalgo M, Patnaik A, Hammond LA, Weiss G, Goetz A, Siu L, Simmons C, Jolivet J, Rowinsky EK: Troxacitabine, an L-stereoisomeric nucleoside analog, on a five-times-daily schedule: a phase I and pharmacokinetic study in patients with advanced solid malignancies. J Clin Oncol. 2002 Jan 1;20(1):96-109. [PubMed:11773159 ]
  14. Lebedev PA: [Selenium deficiency in patients with cardiovascular diseases and its correction with the drug "selena"]. Patol Fiziol Eksp Ter. 1996 Jul-Sep;(3):5-7. [PubMed:8966057 ]
  15. Shejbal J, Arient M, Kovarikova H: Estimation of deoxycytidine in the urine of humans and laboratory animals. Clin Chim Acta. 1967 May;16(2):324-5. [PubMed:4962141 ]
  16. Chen IW, Kereiakes JG, Friedman BI, Saenger EL: Colorimetric analysis of deoxycytidine in urine after separation by ion-exchange column chromatography. Anal Biochem. 1968 May;23(2):230-40. [PubMed:5657794 ]
  17. Dientsbier Z, Buric L, Bechyne M, Kovarikova H, Foltynova V, Mostecky H: Deoxypyrimidineuria in the course of chemotherapy in M. Hodgkin. Neoplasma. 1976;23(6):645-65. [PubMed:1004661 ]
  18. Dudley E, Lemiere F, Van Dongen W, Langridge JI, El-Sharkawi S, Games DE, Esmans EL, Newton RP: Analysis of urinary nucleosides. III. Identification of 5'-deoxycytidine in urine of a patient with head and neck cancer. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2003;17(11):1132-6. [PubMed:12772268 ]
  19. Arient M, Dienstbier Z, Shejbal J: The post-irradiation excretion of deoxycytidine by urine in man. Minerva Fisiconucl. 1966;10(1):57-60. [PubMed:5956823 ]
  20. Tuma P, Samcova E, Kvasnicova V: Improved detection limit for a direct determination of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine in untreated urine samples by capillary electrophoresis with optical detection. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2004 Dec 25;813(1-2):255-61. [PubMed:15556541 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 12 proteins in total.


General function:
Involved in thymidylate kinase activity
Specific function:
May participate in dUTP and dCTP synthesis in mitochondria. Is able to phosphorylate dUMP, dCMP, CMP, UMP and monophosphates of the pyrimidine nucleoside analogs ddC, dFdC, araC, BVDU and FdUrd with ATP as phosphate donor. Efficacy is highest for dUMP followed by dCMP; CMP and UMP are poor substrates. May be involved in mtDNA depletion caused by long term treatment with ddC or other pyrimidine analogs.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Adenosine triphosphate + dCMP → ADP + dCDPdetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Required for the phosphorylation of the deoxyribonucleosides deoxycytidine (dC), deoxyguanosine (dG) and deoxyadenosine (dA). Has broad substrate specificity, and does not display selectivity based on the chirality of the substrate. It is also an essential enzyme for the phosphorylation of numerous nucleoside analogs widely employed as antiviral and chemotherapeutic agents.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
NTP + Deoxycytidine → NDP + dCMPdetails
Adenosine triphosphate + Deoxycytidine → ADP + dCMPdetails
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides, with a preference for dUMP and dTMP, intermediate activity towards dGMP, and low activity towards dCMP and dAMP.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Not Available
dCMP + Water → Deoxycytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Can act both as nucleotidase and as phosphotransferase.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
dCMP + Water → Deoxycytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates specifically the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides, and so protects mitochondrial DNA replication from excess dTTP. Has only marginal activity towards dIMP and dGMP.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Not Available
dCMP + Water → Deoxycytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides and has a broad substrate specificity. Helps to regulate adenosine levels in heart during ischemia and hypoxia.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
dCMP + Water → Deoxycytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides. Helps to regulate adenosine levels (By similarity).
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
dCMP + Water → Deoxycytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in zinc ion binding
Specific function:
Supplies the nucleotide substrate for thymidylate synthetase.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
dCMP + Water → dUMP + Ammoniadetails
General function:
Involved in 5'-nucleotidase activity
Specific function:
May have a critical role in the maintenance of a constant composition of intracellular purine/pyrimidine nucleotides in cooperation with other nucleotidases. Preferentially hydrolyzes inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP) and other purine nucleotides.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
dCMP + Water → Deoxycytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes extracellular nucleotides into membrane permeable nucleosides.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
dCMP + Water → Deoxycytidine + Phosphoric aciddetails

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 12 proteins in total.