You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2013-06-10 16:20:26 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01204
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Nametrans-3-Hydroxycotinine glucuronide
Description3-Hydroxycotinine (3HC) is the main nicotine metabolite detected in smokers urine. It is also excreted as a glucuronide conjugate (3HC-Gluc). 3HC and 3HC-Gluc account for 40-60% of the nicotine dose in urine.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. 3'-Hydroxycotnine-glucuronide
  2. 3HC-Gluc
  3. trans-3-Hydroxycotinine-glucuronide
Chemical FormulaC16H20N2O8
Average Molecular Weight368.3386
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight368.121965626
IUPAC Name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-{[(3R)-1-methyl-2-oxo-5-(pyridin-3-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]oxy}oxane-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-{[(3R)-1-methyl-2-oxo-5-(pyridin-3-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]oxy}oxane-2-carboxylic acid
CAS Registry Number132929-88-5
SMILES
[H][C@@]1(O[C@@H]2CC(N(C)C2=O)C2=CC=CN=C2)O[C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C16H20N2O8/c1-18-8(7-3-2-4-17-6-7)5-9(14(18)22)25-16-12(21)10(19)11(20)13(26-16)15(23)24/h2-4,6,8-13,16,19-21H,5H2,1H3,(H,23,24)/t8?,9-,10+,11+,12-,13+,16-/m1/s1
InChI KeyWALNNKZUGHYSCT-QBYCBOKUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassCarbohydrates and Carbohydrate Conjugates
ClassSugar Acids and Derivatives
Sub ClassGlucuronic Acid Derivatives
Other Descriptors
  • Aromatic Heteropolycyclic Compounds
  • Carbohydrates and Carbohydrate Conjugates
  • Glucuronic Acid Derivatives
  • O-glycosyl Compounds
Substituents
  • 1,2 Diol
  • Acetal
  • Beta Hydroxy Acid
  • Carboxamide Group
  • Carboxylic Acid
  • Hexose Monosaccharide
  • Lactam
  • Nicotine
  • Oxane
  • Pyridine
  • Pyrrolidine
  • Pyrrolidinylpyridine
  • Pyrrolidone
  • Secondary Alcohol
  • Tertiary Carboxylic Acid Amide
Direct ParentGlucuronides
Ontology
StatusExpected and Not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug metabolite
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Waste products
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
water solubility38.9 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.7ALOGPS
logP-3.3ChemAxon
logS-0.98ALOGPS
pKa (strongest acidic)3.23ChemAxon
pKa (strongest basic)4.8ChemAxon
physiological charge-1ChemAxon
hydrogen acceptor count9ChemAxon
hydrogen donor count4ChemAxon
polar surface area149.65ChemAxon
rotatable bond count4ChemAxon
refractivity83.01ChemAxon
polarizability35.29ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00522
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022490
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDCPD-2752
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01204
Metagene LinkHMDB01204
METLIN ID6080
PubChem Compound53477725
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Rop PP, Grimaldi F, Oddoze C, Viala A: Determination of nicotine and its main metabolites in urine by high-performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr. 1993 Feb 26;612(2):302-9. Pubmed: 8468389

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme has glucuronidating capacity with steroid substrates such as 5-beta-androstane 3-alpha,17-beta-diol, estradiol, ADT, eugenol and bile acids. Only isoform 1 seems to be active.
Gene Name:
UGT2B28
Uniprot ID:
Q9BY64
Molecular weight:
38742.9
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydroxyglucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid.
Gene Name:
UGT2B4
Uniprot ID:
P06133
Molecular weight:
60512.035
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate.
Gene Name:
UGT1A4
Uniprot ID:
P22310
Molecular weight:
60024.535
References
  1. Kuehl GE, Murphy SE: N-glucuronidation of nicotine and cotinine by human liver microsomes and heterologously expressed UDP-glucuronosyltransferases. Drug Metab Dispos. 2003 Nov;31(11):1361-8. Pubmed: 14570768
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol (in vitro).
Gene Name:
UGT2B7
Uniprot ID:
P16662
Molecular weight:
60720.15
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme displays activity toward several classes of xenobiotic substrates, including simple phenolic compounds, 7-hydroxylated coumarins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and certain drugs and their hydroxylated metabolites. It also catalyzes the glucuronidation of endogenous estrogens and androgens.
Gene Name:
UGT2B15
Uniprot ID:
P54855
Molecular weight:
61035.815
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Active on odorants and seems to be involved in olfaction; it could help clear lipophilic odorant molecules from the sensory epithelium.
Gene Name:
UGT2A1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y4X1
Molecular weight:
60771.605
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
Gene Name:
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P22309
Molecular weight:
59590.91
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
Gene Name:
UGT1A9
Uniprot ID:
O60656
Molecular weight:
59940.495
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT1A3
Uniprot ID:
P35503
Molecular weight:
60337.835
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. The major substrates of this isozyme are eugenol > 4-methylumbelliferone > dihydrotestosterone (DHT) > androstane-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol) > testosterone > androsterone (ADT).
Gene Name:
UGT2B17
Uniprot ID:
O75795
Molecular weight:
61094.915
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
Gene Name:
UGT1A6
Uniprot ID:
P19224
Molecular weight:
60750.215
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT1A5
Uniprot ID:
P35504
Molecular weight:
60070.565
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT2B11
Uniprot ID:
O75310
Molecular weight:
61037.8
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
Specific function:
Plays an important role in the degradation of dermatan and keratan sulfates.
Gene Name:
GUSB
Uniprot ID:
P08236
Molecular weight:
74731.46
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds (By similarity).
Gene Name:
UGT2A3
Uniprot ID:
Q6UWM9
Molecular weight:
60253.94
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
UGT1A10
Uniprot ID:
Q5DT02
Molecular weight:
59809.1
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
UGT1A8
Uniprot ID:
Q5DSZ6
Molecular weight:
59741.0
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
UGT1A7
Uniprot ID:
Q5DSZ7
Molecular weight:
59818.3