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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:04:06 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01251
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01323
  • HMDB01462
Metabolite Identification
Common NameLanosterin
DescriptionLanosterol is a tetracyclic triterpenoid which is the compound from which all steroids are derived. Lanosterol is biochemically synthesized starting from acetyl-CoA by the HMG-CoA reductase pathway. The critical step is the enzymatic conversion of the acyclic terpene squalene to the polycylic lanosterol via 2,3-squalene oxide.(wikipedia).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(3beta)-Lanosta-8,24-dien-3-olChEBI
(3beta,5alpha)-4,4,14-Trimethylcholesta-8,24-dien-3-olChEBI
4,4',14alpha-Trimethyl-5alpha-cholesta-8,24-dien-3beta-olChEBI
LanosterinChEBI
(3b)-Lanosta-8,24-dien-3-olGenerator
(3β)-lanosta-8,24-dien-3-olGenerator
(3 beta)-Lanosta-8,24-dien-3-olHMDB
(3alpha)-4,4,14-Trimethyl-cholesta-8,24-dien-3-olHMDB
(3beta,5alpha)-4,4,14-Trimethyl-cholesta-8,24-dien-3-olHMDB
Botalan base 138HMDB
Lanosta-8,24-dien-3-olHMDB
Lanosta-8,24-dien-3beta-olHMDB
Lanosta-8,24-dienolHMDB
LanosterolHMDB
LansterHMDB
Chemical FormulaC30H50O
Average Molecular Weight426.7174
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight426.386166222
IUPAC Name(2S,5S,7R,11R,14R,15R)-2,6,6,11,15-pentamethyl-14-[(2R)-6-methylhept-5-en-2-yl]tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-1(10)-en-5-ol
Traditional Namelanosterol
CAS Registry Number79-63-0
SMILES
[H][C@@]1(CC[C@@]2(C)C3=C(CC[C@]12C)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@H](O)C(C)(C)[C@]1([H])CC3)[C@H](C)CCC=C(C)C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C30H50O/c1-20(2)10-9-11-21(3)22-14-18-30(8)24-12-13-25-27(4,5)26(31)16-17-28(25,6)23(24)15-19-29(22,30)7/h10,21-22,25-26,31H,9,11-19H2,1-8H3/t21-,22-,25+,26+,28-,29-,30+/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=CAHGCLMLTWQZNJ-BQNIITSRSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as tirucallane and euphane triterpenoids. These are triterpenoids with a structure based either on the tirucallane or the euphane skeleton. They are obtained by backbone rearrangement of a dammarane-based precursor.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassTriterpenoids
Direct ParentTirucallane and euphane triterpenoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Tirucallane-euphane triterpenoid
  • 3-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Steroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Hormones, Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point140.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000376 mg/mLALOGPS
logP7.72ALOGPS
logP7.71ChemAxon
logS-6.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)19.55ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.81ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity134.54 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability54.97 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-0a4l-4910000000-0fe7f84c95ab0a849fe9View in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-05mo-9731200000-b1bc6bb68e352e3bd687View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Alendronate pathwaySMP00095Not Available
Atorvastatin PathwaySMP00131Not Available
Cerivastatin PathwaySMP00111Not Available
CHILD SyndromeSMP00387Not Available
Cholesteryl ester storage diseaseSMP00508Not Available
Chondrodysplasia Punctata II, X Linked Dominant (CDPX2)SMP00388Not Available
DesmosterolosisSMP00386Not Available
Fluvastatin PathwaySMP00119Not Available
Hyper-IgD syndromeSMP00509Not Available
HypercholesterolemiaSMP00209Not Available
Ibandronate PathwaySMP00079Not Available
Lovastatin PathwaySMP00099Not Available
Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency (Wolman Disease)SMP00319Not Available
Mevalonic aciduriaSMP00510Not Available
Pamidronate PathwaySMP00117Not Available
Pravastatin PathwaySMP00089Not Available
Risedronate PathwaySMP00112Not Available
Rosuvastatin PathwaySMP00092Not Available
Simvastatin Action PathwaySMP00082Not Available
Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome (SLOS)SMP00389Not Available
Steroid BiosynthesisSMP00023map00100
Wolman diseaseSMP00511Not Available
Zoledronate PathwaySMP00107Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.48 +/- 0.114 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB013802
KNApSAcK IDC00003657
Chemspider ID216175
KEGG Compound IDC01724
BioCyc IDLANOSTEROL
BiGG ID38253
Wikipedia LinkLanosterol
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01251
Metagene LinkHMDB01251
METLIN ID6108
PubChem Compound246983
PDB IDLAN
ChEBI ID16521
References
Synthesis ReferenceMaienthal, Millard; Franklin, Philip J. Preparation of lanosterol from bromolanosterol. Journal of Organic Chemistry (1955), 20 1627-30.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes C14-demethylation of lanosterol; it transforms lanosterol into 4,4'-dimethyl cholesta-8,14,24-triene-3-beta-ol.
Gene Name:
CYP51A1
Uniprot ID:
Q16850
Molecular weight:
57277.81
Reactions
Lanosterin + Oxygen + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion → 4,4-Dimethylcholesta-8,14,24-trienol + Formic acid + NADP + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the cyclization of (S)-2,3 oxidosqualene to lanosterol, a reaction that forms the sterol nucleus.
Gene Name:
LSS
Uniprot ID:
P48449
Molecular weight:
83308.065
Reactions
(3S)-2,3-epoxy-2,3-dihydrosqualene → Lanosterindetails
(3S)-2,3-epoxy-2,3-dihydrosqualene → Lanosterindetails
General function:
Energy production and conversion
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reduction of the delta-24 double bond of sterol intermediates. Protects cells from oxidative stress by reducing caspase 3 activity during apoptosis induced by oxidative stress. Also protects against amyloid-beta peptide-induced apoptosis.
Gene Name:
DHCR24
Uniprot ID:
Q15392
Molecular weight:
60100.805
Reactions
Lanosterin + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion → 24,25-Dihydrolanosterol + NADPdetails