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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-12-20 20:20:54 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001295
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01295
Metabolite Identification
Common Name2-Hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA
Description2-hydroxyphytanoyl-coa, also known as 3s2hphy-coa, is a member of the class of compounds known as long-chain fatty acyl coas. Long-chain fatty acyl coas are acyl CoAs where the group acylated to the coenzyme A moiety is a long aliphatic chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms. Thus, 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-coa is considered to be a fatty ester lipid molecule. 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-coa is slightly soluble (in water) and an extremely strong acidic compound (based on its pKa). 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-coa can be found primarily in human fibroblasts tissue. Within the cell, 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-coa is primarily located in the membrane (predicted from logP) and in the peroxisome. It can also be found in the extracellular space. In humans, 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-coa is involved in a couple of metabolic pathways, which include oxidation of branched chain fatty acids and phytanic acid peroxisomal oxidation. 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-coa is also involved in refsum disease, which is a metabolic disorder. 2-Hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA is a substrate for Phytanoyl-CoA dioxygenase (peroxisomal)..
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(3S)-2-Hydroxyphytanoyl-CoAHMDB
(3S)-2-Hydroxyphytanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
(3S,7R,11R)-2-Hydroxy-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecanoyl-CoAHMDB
(3S,7R,11R)-2-Hydroxy-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
2-Hydroxyphytanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3(S)-2-Hydroxyphytanoyl-CoAHMDB
3(S)-2-Hydroxyphytanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3S2hPhy-CoAHMDB
3S2hPhy-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC41H74N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight1078.049
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1077.402388825
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[3-hydroxy-3-({2-[(2-{[(3S,7R,11R)-2-hydroxy-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-2,2-dimethylpropoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-3-({2-[(2-{[(3S,7R,11R)-2-hydroxy-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-2,2-dimethylpropoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number172787-73-4
SMILES
CC(C)CCC[C@@H](C)CCC[C@@H](C)CCC[C@H](C)C(O)C(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C41H74N7O18P3S/c1-25(2)11-8-12-26(3)13-9-14-27(4)15-10-16-28(5)32(50)40(54)70-20-19-43-30(49)17-18-44-38(53)35(52)41(6,7)22-63-69(60,61)66-68(58,59)62-21-29-34(65-67(55,56)57)33(51)39(64-29)48-24-47-31-36(42)45-23-46-37(31)48/h23-29,32-35,39,50-52H,8-22H2,1-7H3,(H,43,49)(H,44,53)(H,58,59)(H,60,61)(H2,42,45,46)(H2,55,56,57)/t26-,27-,28+,29-,32?,33-,34-,35?,39-/m1/s1
InChI KeyWNVFJMYPVBOLKV-PJDIVXIPSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acyl coas. These are acyl CoAs where the group acylated to the coenzyme A moiety is a long aliphatic chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Diterpenoid
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Monosaccharide
  • Fatty amide
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Lipid biosynthesis, Fatty acid transport
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Peroxisome
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.43 g/LALOGPS
logP2.41ALOGPS
logP-0.14ChemAxon
logS-2.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area383.86 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count34ChemAxon
Refractivity256.26 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability108.2 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-4901110200-170aee27b4e79c002131View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-1913130000-f3f3a31b1f2f1eadfa1bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900010000-8676dc6b110ef7b1cd90View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-05rr-8732251900-bda6cb0d556520fc587cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0560-5932220200-8cfcacf29ba06547d671View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a7i-5900100000-5c05acebab4cee45d967View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Peroxisome
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • Fibroblasts
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Oxidation of Branched Chain Fatty AcidsPw000155Pw000155 greyscalePw000155 simpleNot Available
Phytanic Acid Peroxisomal OxidationPw000041Pw000041 greyscalePw000041 simpleNot Available
Refsum DiseasePw000122Pw000122 greyscalePw000122 simpleNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022539
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID390032
KEGG Compound IDC07343
BioCyc ID2-HYDROXYPHYTANOYL-COA
BiGG ID2364545
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6140
PubChem Compound441263
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15475
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Foulon V, Sniekers M, Huysmans E, Asselberghs S, Mahieu V, Mannaerts GP, Van Veldhoven PP, Casteels M: Breakdown of 2-hydroxylated straight chain fatty acids via peroxisomal 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA lyase: a revised pathway for the alpha-oxidation of straight chain fatty acids. J Biol Chem. 2005 Mar 18;280(11):9802-12. Epub 2005 Jan 11. [PubMed:15644336 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
Converts phytanoyl-CoA to 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
PHYH
Uniprot ID:
O14832
Molecular weight:
38538.065
Reactions
Phytanoyl-CoA + Oxoglutaric acid + Oxygen → 2-Hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA + Succinic acid + CO(2)details
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes a carbon-carbon cleavage reaction; cleaves a 2-hydroxy-3-methylacyl-CoA into formyl-CoA and a 2-methyl-branched fatty aldehyde.
Gene Name:
HACL1
Uniprot ID:
Q9UJ83
Molecular weight:
63728.095
Reactions
2-Hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA → Pristanal + Formyl-CoAdetails