You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:04:16 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01316
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name6-Phosphogluconic acid
DescriptionIntermediate in the Pentose phosphate pathway (KEGG).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
6-phospho-D-GluconateChEBI
6-O-phosphono-D-Gluconic acidHMDB
6-P-GluconateHMDB
6-PhosphogluconateHMDB
D-Gluconic acid 6-(dihydrogen phosphate)HMDB
D-Gluconic acid 6-phosphateHMDB
Gluconic acid-6-phosphateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H13O10P
Average Molecular Weight276.1352
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight276.024633148
IUPAC Name(2R,3S,4R,5R)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydroxy-6-(phosphonooxy)hexanoic acid
Traditional Name6-phosphogluconic acid
CAS Registry Number921-62-0
SMILES
O[C@H](COP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H13O10P/c7-2(1-16-17(13,14)15)3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12/h2-5,7-10H,1H2,(H,11,12)(H2,13,14,15)/t2-,3-,4+,5-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=BIRSGZKFKXLSJQ-SQOUGZDYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as monosaccharide phosphates. These are monosaccharides comprising a phosphated group linked to the carbohydrate unit.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Sub ClassMonosaccharides
Direct ParentMonosaccharide phosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Gluconic_acid
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Medium-chain hydroxy acid
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty acid
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility20.7 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-2.3ALOGPS
logP-3.5ChemAxon
logS-1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.49ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count7ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area184.98 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity49.14 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability21.6 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (5 TMS)splash10-0uxu-0933000000-d0c837bb667abbae2ce0View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (7 TMS)splash10-00ks-1978000000-c7702d284ad9f06bb5c0View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-00dj-5090000000-a1b0f01abec0e4fb22c5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-002b-9000000000-780e6dc35ed33dde8b62View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-004i-9000000000-df8e5979c41c127eff41View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00b9-0495110000-a9d468f24ea04c2dd0d2View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0002-9100000000-25ef4bb1cdb69b6418ceView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0a4j-5090000000-6db5e52f38f29e35f42aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-0090000000-b6ed9e59bd4492f4b5ceView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-0190000000-50702b7e8f4b7289d218View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-004j-9260000000-e356e1c75aa70d0065f9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-002b-9100000000-5be967e173f74d688dc2View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-004j-9000000000-1c5eda88c214ef66d7b6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-e1b81e634eb90448b9cdView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Cellular Cytoplasm
  • Saliva
Tissue Location
  • Adipose Tissue
  • Epidermis
  • Fibroblasts
  • Prostate
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiencySMP00518Not Available
Pentose Phosphate PathwaySMP00031map00030
Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiencySMP00519Not Available
Transaldolase deficiencySMP00520Not Available
Warburg EffectSMP00654Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
Cellular CytoplasmDetected and Quantified2720 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.117 +/- 0.228 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.171 +/- 0.231 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.253 +/- 0.218 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.557 +/- 0.537 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothColorectal cancer details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022550
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID82615
KEGG Compound IDC00345
BioCyc IDCPD-2961
BiGG ID34686
Wikipedia Link6-phosphogluconate
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01316
Metagene LinkHMDB01316
METLIN ID367
PubChem Compound91493
PDB ID6PG
ChEBI ID48928
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. [19212411 ]
  2. Nakayama Y, Kinoshita A, Tomita M: Dynamic simulation of red blood cell metabolism and its application to the analysis of a pathological condition. Theor Biol Med Model. 2005 May 9;2(1):18. [15882454 ]
  3. Wamelink MM, Struys EA, Huck JH, Roos B, van der Knaap MS, Jakobs C, Verhoeven NM: Quantification of sugar phosphate intermediates of the pentose phosphate pathway by LC-MS/MS: application to two new inherited defects of metabolism. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Aug 25;823(1):18-25. Epub 2005 Jan 23. [16055050 ]
  4. Chen SH, Karp LE, Scott CR, Chen W: Use of genetic markers to certify fetal origin of cultured amniotic fluid cells. Hum Genet. 1981;57(3):323-4. [6454643 ]
  5. Schwerd W, Fehrer HD: [The detection of inherited enzyme polymorphism in semen (author's transl)] Z Rechtsmed. 1979 Jul 17;83(2):129-38. [494813 ]
  6. Ahmed N, Weidemann MJ: Purine metabolism in promyelocytic HL60 and dimethylsulphoxide-differentiated HL60 cells. Leuk Res. 1994 Jun;18(6):441-51. [8207962 ]
  7. Moghetti P, Bonora E, Cigolini M, Querena M, Cacciatori V, Muggeo M: Enzymatic activities related to intermediary metabolism of glucose in circulating mononuclear cells from obese humans: relationship to enzyme activity in adipose tissue. Enzyme. 1990;43(1):26-32. [2141817 ]
  8. Harmon CS, Phizackerley PJ: Glycogen metabolism in psoriatic epidermis and in regenerating epidermis. Clin Sci (Lond). 1984 Sep;67(3):291-8. [6432401 ]
  9. Harada S: Isoelectrofocusing in acetate membrane: the method and application. Clin Chim Acta. 1975 Sep 16;63(3):275-83. [240520 ]
  10. Swierczynski J, Goyke E, Wach L, Pankiewicz A, Kochan Z, Adamonis W, Sledzinski Z, Aleksandrowicz Z: Comparative study of the lipogenic potential of human and rat adipose tissue. Metabolism. 2000 May;49(5):594-9. [10831168 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in 6-phosphogluconolactonase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolysis of 6-phosphogluconolactone to 6-phosphogluconate.
Gene Name:
PGLS
Uniprot ID:
O95336
Molecular weight:
27546.495
Reactions
6-phospho-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + Water → 6-Phosphogluconic aciddetails
6-Phosphonoglucono-D-lactone + Water → 6-Phosphogluconic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in 6-phosphogluconolactonase activity
Specific function:
Oxidizes glucose-6-phosphate and glucose, as well as other hexose-6-phosphates.
Gene Name:
H6PD
Uniprot ID:
O95479
Molecular weight:
88891.99
Reactions
6-phospho-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + Water → 6-Phosphogluconic aciddetails
6-Phosphonoglucono-D-lactone + Water → 6-Phosphogluconic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of 6-phosphogluconate to ribulose 5-phosphate and CO(2), with concomitant reduction of NADP to NADPH (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PGD
Uniprot ID:
P52209
Molecular weight:
53139.56
Reactions
6-Phosphogluconic acid + NADP → D-Ribulose 5-phosphate + CO(2) + NADPHdetails
6-Phosphogluconic acid + NADP → D-Ribulose 5-phosphate + Carbon dioxide + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PGD
Uniprot ID:
A9Z1X1
Molecular weight:
32311.5
General function:
Involved in shikimate kinase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
IDNK
Uniprot ID:
Q5T6J7
Molecular weight:
20577.63
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Gluconic acid → ADP + 6-Phosphogluconic aciddetails