You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2013-02-09 00:10:25 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01368
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Mercaptopyruvic acid
Description3-Mercaptopyruvic acid is an intermediate in the metabolism of Cysteine. It is a substrate for L-lactate dehydrogenase A chain, 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase, Aspartate aminotransferase (mitochondrial), L-lactate dehydrogenase C chain, L-lactate dehydrogenase A-like 6A, Aspartate aminotransferase (cytoplasmic), L-lactate dehydrogenase B chain and L-lactate dehydrogenase A-like 6B.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. 3-Mercapto-pyruvate
  2. 3-Mercapto-pyruvic acid
  3. 3-Mercaptopyruvate
  4. 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid
  5. beta-3-Mercapto-2-oxo-propanoate
  6. beta-3-Mercapto-2-oxo-propanoic acid
  7. beta-Mercaptopyruvate
  8. beta-Mercaptopyruvic acid
  9. beta-Thiopyruvate
  10. beta-Thiopyruvic acid
  11. Mercaptopyruvate
  12. Mercaptopyruvic acid
  13. Thiopyruvate
Chemical FormulaC3H4O3S
Average Molecular Weight120.127
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight119.988114684
IUPAC Name2-oxo-3-sulfanylpropanoic acid
Traditional Name3-mercaptopyruvic acid
CAS Registry Number2464-23-5
SMILES
OC(=O)C(=O)CS
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H4O3S/c4-2(1-7)3(5)6/h7H,1H2,(H,5,6)
InChI KeyOJOLFAIGOXZBCI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassOrganic Acids and Derivatives
ClassKeto-Acids and Derivatives
Sub ClassAlpha Keto-Acids and Derivatives
Other Descriptors
  • 2-oxo monocarboxylic acid(ChEBI)
  • Aliphatic Acyclic Compounds
Substituents
  • Alkylthiol
  • Carboxylic Acid
  • Ketone
  • Thiol (Sulfanyl Compound)
Direct ParentAlpha Keto-Acids and Derivatives
Ontology
StatusExpected and Not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Cysteine metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Mitochondria
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility9.09ALOGPS
logP0.15ALOGPS
logP0.29ChemAxon
logS-1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.91ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-9.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area54.37 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity25.82 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability10.15 Å3ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraMS/MS1D NMR2D NMR
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondria
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Cysteine MetabolismSMP00013map00270
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021862
KNApSAcK IDC00007464
Chemspider ID96
KEGG Compound IDC00957
BioCyc ID3-MERCAPTO-PYRUVATE
BiGG ID36476
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01368
Metagene LinkHMDB01368
METLIN ID6195
PubChem Compound98
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16208
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring nitrogenous groups
Specific function:
Plays a key role in amino acid metabolism (By similarity).
Gene Name:
GOT1
Uniprot ID:
P17174
Molecular weight:
46247.14
Reactions
L-Cysteine + Oxoglutaric acid → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + DL-Glutamatedetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring nitrogenous groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the irreversible transamination of the L-tryptophan metabolite L-kynurenine to form kynurenic acid (KA). Plays a key role in amino acid metabolism. Important for metabolite exchange between mitochondria and cytosol. Facilitates cellular uptake of long-chain free fatty acids.
Gene Name:
GOT2
Uniprot ID:
P00505
Molecular weight:
47517.285
Reactions
L-Cysteine + Oxoglutaric acid → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + DL-Glutamatedetails
General function:
Involved in pyridoxal phosphate binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the last step in the trans-sulfuration pathway from methionine to cysteine. Has broad substrate specificity. Converts cystathionine to cysteine, ammonia and 2-oxobutanoate. Converts two cysteine molecules to lanthionine and hydrogen sulfide. Can also accept homocysteine as substrate. Specificity depends on the levels of the endogenous substrates. Generates the endogenous signaling molecule hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and so contributes to the regulation of blood pressure. Acts as a cysteine-protein sulfhydrase by mediating sulfhydration of target proteins: sulfhydration consists of converting -SH groups into -SSH on specific cysteine residues of target proteins such as GAPDH, PTPN1 and NF-kappa-B subunit RELA, thereby regulating their function.
Gene Name:
CTH
Uniprot ID:
P32929
Molecular weight:
41259.91
General function:
Involved in thiosulfate sulfurtransferase activity
Specific function:
Transfer of a sulfur ion to cyanide or to other thiol compounds. Also has weak rhodanese activity. May have a role in cyanide degradation or in thiosulfate biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
MPST
Uniprot ID:
P25325
Molecular weight:
33178.15
Reactions
3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + Hydrogen cyanide → Pyruvic acid + Thiocyanatedetails
3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + Sulfurous acid → Thiosulfate + Pyruvic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
Displays an lactate dehydrogenase activity. Significantly increases the transcriptional activity of JUN, when overexpressed.
Gene Name:
LDHAL6A
Uniprot ID:
Q6ZMR3
Molecular weight:
36507.015
Reactions
3-Mercaptolactic acid + NAD → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in thiosulfate sulfurtransferase activity
Specific function:
Formation of iron-sulfur complexes, cyanide detoxification or modification of sulfur-containing enzymes. Other thiol compounds, besides cyanide, can act as sulfur ion acceptors. Also has weak mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MST) activity (By similarity). Together with MRPL18, acts as a mitochondrial import factor for the cytosolic 5S rRNA. Only the nascent unfolded cytoplasmic form is able to bind to the 5S rRNA.
Gene Name:
TST
Uniprot ID:
Q16762
Molecular weight:
33428.69
Reactions
3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + Sulfurous acid → Thiosulfate + Pyruvic aciddetails
Hydrogen cyanide + 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid → Thiocyanate + Pyruvic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
LDHB
Uniprot ID:
P07195
Molecular weight:
36638.225
Reactions
3-Mercaptolactic acid + NAD → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
Possible role in sperm motility.
Gene Name:
LDHC
Uniprot ID:
P07864
Molecular weight:
36310.965
Reactions
3-Mercaptolactic acid + NAD → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
LDHA
Uniprot ID:
P00338
Molecular weight:
30204.975
Reactions
3-Mercaptolactic acid + NAD → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
LDHAL6B
Uniprot ID:
Q9BYZ2
Molecular weight:
41942.53
Reactions
3-Mercaptolactic acid + NAD → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails