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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:04:27 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01374
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB02296
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCholoyl-CoA
DescriptionCholoyl-CoA is an intermediate metabolite in the Bile acid biosynthesis (KEGG). The conjugation of bile acids to glycine and taurine for excretion into bile occurs via a reaction catalyzed by the enzyme Bile acid-CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferase (BACAT) catalyzes.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
7-alpha-12-alpha-Dihydroxy-3-oxo-5-beta-cholyl-CoAHMDB
Choloyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Cholyl-CoAHMDB
Cholyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC45H74N7O20P3S
Average Molecular Weight1158.09
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1157.392218069
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy({3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-[(2-{[2-({4-[(1S,5R,9R,11S,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoyl}sulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]propoxy})phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-[(2-{[2-({4-[(1S,5R,9R,11S,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoyl}sulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]propoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CCC(C(C)CCC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]3O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]3OP(O)(O)=O)N3C=NC4=C3N=CN=C4N)C1(C)[C@@H](O)C[C@@]1([H])C2[C@H](O)CC2C[C@H](O)CCC12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C45H74N7O20P3S/c1-23(26-7-8-27-34-28(18-31(55)45(26,27)5)44(4)12-10-25(53)16-24(44)17-29(34)54)6-9-33(57)76-15-14-47-32(56)11-13-48-41(60)38(59)43(2,3)20-69-75(66,67)72-74(64,65)68-19-30-37(71-73(61,62)63)36(58)42(70-30)52-22-51-35-39(46)49-21-50-40(35)52/h21-31,34,36-38,42,53-55,58-59H,6-20H2,1-5H3,(H,47,56)(H,48,60)(H,64,65)(H,66,67)(H2,46,49,50)(H2,61,62,63)/t23?,24?,25-,26?,27+,28+,29-,30-,31+,34?,36-,37-,38?,42-,44?,45?/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=ZKWNOTQHFKYUNU-TVKZAFKCSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl coas. These are acyl-CoAs carrying a 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct Parent2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Trihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Cholane-skeleton
  • Hydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 12-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Steroid
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Monosaccharide
  • Fatty amide
  • Saccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Azole
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Lipid biosynthesis, Fatty acid transport
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.49 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.56ALOGPS
logP-4.3ChemAxon
logS-2.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count20ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count12ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area424.32 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count24ChemAxon
Refractivity270.35 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability114.43 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
27-Hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00720Not Available
Bile Acid BiosynthesisSMP00035map00120
Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX)SMP00315Not Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IISMP00314Not Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IIISMP00318Not Available
Familial Hypercholanemia (FHCA)SMP00317Not Available
Zellweger SyndromeSMP00316Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022586
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID388658
KEGG Compound IDC01794
BioCyc IDCPD-202
BiGG ID38424
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01374
Metagene LinkHMDB01374
METLIN ID6597
PubChem Compound439573
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15519
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage.
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
P42765
Molecular weight:
41923.82
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAA1
Uniprot ID:
P09110
Molecular weight:
34664.46
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HADHB
Uniprot ID:
P55084
Molecular weight:
51293.955
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Mediates in vitro the transfer of all common phospholipids, cholesterol and gangliosides between membranes. May play a role in regulating steroidogenesis.
Gene Name:
SCP2
Uniprot ID:
P22307
Molecular weight:
34974.505
Reactions
Propionyl-CoA + Choloyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-24-oxocholestanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in thiolester hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Involved in bile acid metabolism. In liver hepatocytes catalyzes the second step in the conjugation of C24 bile acids (choloneates) to glycine and taurine before excretion into bile canaliculi. The major components of bile are cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid. In a first step the bile acids are converted to an acyl-CoA thioester, either in peroxisomes (primary bile acids deriving from the cholesterol pathway), or cytoplasmic at the endoplasmic reticulum (secondary bile acids). May catalyze the conjugation of primary or secondary bile acids, or both. The conjugation increases the detergent properties of bile acids in the intestine, which facilitates lipid and fat-soluble vitamin absorption. In turn, bile acids are deconjugated by bacteria in the intestine and are recycled back to the liver for reconjugation (secondary bile acids). May also act as an acyl-CoA thioesterase that regulates intracellular levels of free fatty acids. In vitro, catalyzes the hydrolysis of long- and very long-chain saturated acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), and conjugates glycine to these acyl-CoAs.
Gene Name:
BAAT
Uniprot ID:
Q14032
Molecular weight:
46298.865
Reactions
Choloyl-CoA + Glycine → Coenzyme A + Glycocholic aciddetails
Choloyl-CoA + Taurine → Coenzyme A + Taurocholic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA thioesterase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA thioesterases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), providing the potential to regulate intracellular levels of acyl-CoAs, free fatty acids and CoASH. May mediate Nef-induced down-regulation of CD4. Major thioesterase in peroxisomes. Competes with BAAT (Bile acid CoA: amino acid N-acyltransferase) for bile acid-CoA substrate (such as chenodeoxycholoyl-CoA). Shows a preference for medium-length fatty acyl-CoAs (By similarity). May be involved in the metabolic regulation of peroxisome proliferation.
Gene Name:
ACOT8
Uniprot ID:
O14734
Molecular weight:
35914.02
Reactions
Choloyl-CoA + Water → Cholic acid + Coenzyme Adetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA synthetase involved in bile acid metabolism. Proposed to catalyze the first step in the conjugation of C24 bile acids (choloneates) to glycine and taurine before excretion into bile canaliculi by activating them to their CoA thioesters. Seems to activate secondary bile acids entering the liver from the enterohepatic circulation. In vitro, also activates 3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-trihydroxy-5-beta-cholestanate (THCA), the C27 precursor of cholic acid deriving from the de novo synthesis from cholesterol.
Gene Name:
SLC27A5
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y2P5
Molecular weight:
75384.375
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Cholic acid + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Choloyl-CoAdetails