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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-10-23 19:03:50 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001374
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01374
  • HMDB02296
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCholoyl-CoA
DescriptionCholoyl-CoA is an intermediate metabolite in the Bile acid biosynthesis (KEGG). The conjugation of bile acids to glycine and taurine for excretion into bile occurs via a reaction catalyzed by the enzyme Bile acid-CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferase (BACAT) catalyzes.
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC45H74N7O20P3S
Average Molecular Weight1158.09
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1157.392218069
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C45H74N7O20P3S/c1-23(26-7-8-27-34-28(18-31(55)45(26,27)5)44(4)12-10-25(53)16-24(44)17-29(34)54)6-9-33(57)76-15-14-47-32(56)11-13-48-41(60)38(59)43(2,3)20-69-75(66,67)72-74(64,65)68-19-30-37(71-73(61,62)63)36(58)42(70-30)52-22-51-35-39(46)49-21-50-40(35)52/h21-31,34,36-38,42,53-55,58-59H,6-20H2,1-5H3,(H,47,56)(H,48,60)(H,64,65)(H,66,67)(H2,46,49,50)(H2,61,62,63)/t23?,24?,25-,26?,27+,28+,29-,30-,31+,34?,36-,37-,38?,42-,44?,45?/m1/s1
InChI KeyZKWNOTQHFKYUNU-TVKZAFKCSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
ClassificationNot classified
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

  Biofluid and excreta:

Source:

  Biological:

    Animal:

Route of exposure:

  Enteral:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Cellular process:

    Biochemical process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0079-1900011000-f4ca49b8359a4d09e07eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900215000-9d559a6e5a3a263491b9View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900001000-711b702e0d30d5413acaView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-055r-2902140210-d19f678a1a85488ae7f7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-3901120010-0ae33197ae569f3c329eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-5900100000-d8586a14f0ff3e9b85baView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
27-Hydroxylase DeficiencyPw000697Pw000697 greyscalePw000697 simpleNot Available
Bile Acid BiosynthesisPw000145Pw000145 greyscalePw000145 simpleMap00120
Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX)Pw000196Pw000196 greyscalePw000196 simpleNot Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IIPw000192Pw000192 greyscalePw000192 simpleNot Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IIIPw000193Pw000193 greyscalePw000193 simpleNot Available
Displaying entries 1 - 5 of 7 in total
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022586
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID388658
KEGG Compound IDC01794
BioCyc IDCPD-202
BiGG ID38424
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6597
PubChem Compound439573
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15519
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage.
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
P42765
Molecular weight:
41923.82
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAA1
Uniprot ID:
P09110
Molecular weight:
34664.46
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HADHB
Uniprot ID:
P55084
Molecular weight:
51293.955
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Mediates in vitro the transfer of all common phospholipids, cholesterol and gangliosides between membranes. May play a role in regulating steroidogenesis.
Gene Name:
SCP2
Uniprot ID:
P22307
Molecular weight:
34974.505
Reactions
Propionyl-CoA + Choloyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-24-oxocholestanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in thiolester hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Involved in bile acid metabolism. In liver hepatocytes catalyzes the second step in the conjugation of C24 bile acids (choloneates) to glycine and taurine before excretion into bile canaliculi. The major components of bile are cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid. In a first step the bile acids are converted to an acyl-CoA thioester, either in peroxisomes (primary bile acids deriving from the cholesterol pathway), or cytoplasmic at the endoplasmic reticulum (secondary bile acids). May catalyze the conjugation of primary or secondary bile acids, or both. The conjugation increases the detergent properties of bile acids in the intestine, which facilitates lipid and fat-soluble vitamin absorption. In turn, bile acids are deconjugated by bacteria in the intestine and are recycled back to the liver for reconjugation (secondary bile acids). May also act as an acyl-CoA thioesterase that regulates intracellular levels of free fatty acids. In vitro, catalyzes the hydrolysis of long- and very long-chain saturated acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), and conjugates glycine to these acyl-CoAs.
Gene Name:
BAAT
Uniprot ID:
Q14032
Molecular weight:
46298.865
Reactions
Choloyl-CoA + Glycine → Coenzyme A + Glycocholic aciddetails
Choloyl-CoA + Taurine → Coenzyme A + Taurocholic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA thioesterase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA thioesterases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), providing the potential to regulate intracellular levels of acyl-CoAs, free fatty acids and CoASH. May mediate Nef-induced down-regulation of CD4. Major thioesterase in peroxisomes. Competes with BAAT (Bile acid CoA: amino acid N-acyltransferase) for bile acid-CoA substrate (such as chenodeoxycholoyl-CoA). Shows a preference for medium-length fatty acyl-CoAs (By similarity). May be involved in the metabolic regulation of peroxisome proliferation.
Gene Name:
ACOT8
Uniprot ID:
O14734
Molecular weight:
35914.02
Reactions
Choloyl-CoA + Water → Cholic acid + Coenzyme Adetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA synthetase involved in bile acid metabolism. Proposed to catalyze the first step in the conjugation of C24 bile acids (choloneates) to glycine and taurine before excretion into bile canaliculi by activating them to their CoA thioesters. Seems to activate secondary bile acids entering the liver from the enterohepatic circulation. In vitro, also activates 3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-trihydroxy-5-beta-cholestanate (THCA), the C27 precursor of cholic acid deriving from the de novo synthesis from cholesterol.
Gene Name:
SLC27A5
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y2P5
Molecular weight:
75384.375
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Cholic acid + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Choloyl-CoAdetails