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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2013-02-09 00:10:45 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01546
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCDP
DescriptionCytidine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate). A cytosine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. Synonyms: CRPP; cytidine pyrophosphate.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. CDP
  2. Cytidine-5'-diphosphate
  3. Cytidine-diphosphate
Chemical FormulaC9H15N3O11P2
Average Molecular Weight403.1764
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight403.018181361
IUPAC Name[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(4-amino-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-1-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]phosphonic acid
Traditional Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(4-amino-2-oxopyrimidin-1-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number63-38-7
SMILES
NC1=NC(=O)N(C=C1)[C@@H]1O[C@H](COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H15N3O11P2/c10-5-1-2-12(9(15)11-5)8-7(14)6(13)4(22-8)3-21-25(19,20)23-24(16,17)18/h1-2,4,6-8,13-14H,3H2,(H,19,20)(H2,10,11,15)(H2,16,17,18)/t4-,6-,7-,8-/m1/s1
InChI KeyZWIADYZPOWUWEW-XVFCMESISA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, Nucleotides, and Analogues
ClassPyrimidine Nucleotides
Sub ClassPyrimidine Ribonucleotides
Other Descriptors
  • Aromatic Heteropolycyclic Compounds
  • Ribonucleotides(KEGG)
  • cytidine 5'-phosphate(ChEBI)
  • pyrimidine ribonucleoside 5'-diphosphate(ChEBI)
Substituents
  • 1,2 Diol
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Glycosyl Compound
  • Hydropyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide Phosphate
  • N Glycosyl Compound
  • Organic Hypophosphite
  • Organic Phosphite
  • Organic Pyrophosphate
  • Oxolane
  • Pentose Monosaccharide
  • Phosphoric Acid Ester
  • Pyrimidine
  • Pyrimidone
  • Saccharide
  • Secondary Alcohol
Direct ParentPyrimidine Ribonucleoside Diphosphates
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Pyrimidine metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP2.44HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility10.1 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.4ALOGPS
logP-3.6ChemAxon
logS-1.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.77ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.52ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area221.67ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity76.29ChemAxon
Polarizability31.39ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Pyrimidine MetabolismSMP00046map00240
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified36.0 +/- 12.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022683
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID5902
KEGG Compound IDC00112
BioCyc IDCDP
BiGG ID33901
Wikipedia LinkCDP
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01546
Metagene LinkHMDB01546
METLIN ID6313
PubChem Compound6132
PDB IDCDP
ChEBI ID17239
References
Synthesis ReferenceChambers, Robert Warner; Shapiro, Philip; Kurkov, Viktor. Synthesis of cytidine 5'-diphosphate and guanosine 5'-diphosphate. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1960), 82 970-5.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Houtkooper RH, Akbari H, van Lenthe H, Kulik W, Wanders RJ, Frentzen M, Vaz FM: Identification and characterization of human cardiolipin synthase. FEBS Lett. 2006 May 29;580(13):3059-64. Epub 2006 Apr 27. Pubmed: 16678169
  2. George TP, Cook HW, Byers DM, Palmer FB, Spence MW: Inhibition of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis by cytochalasin B in cultured glioma cells: potential regulation of biosynthesis by Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Jul 9;1084(2):185-93. Pubmed: 1854804
  3. Riekhof WR, Voelker DR: Uptake and utilization of lyso-phosphatidylethanolamine by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem. 2006 Dec 1;281(48):36588-96. Epub 2006 Oct 2. Pubmed: 17015438
  4. Tsitolovskii LE, Kraevskii AA: [Possible relation between learning and non-template RNA synthesis in neurons]. Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 1982 Mar-Apr;32(2):284-91. Pubmed: 6178232
  5. Carstensen S, Pliska-Matyshak G, Bhuvarahamurthy N, Robbins KM, Murthy PP: Biosynthesis and localization of phosphatidyl-scyllo-inositol in barley aleurone cells. Lipids. 1999 Jan;34(1):67-73. Pubmed: 10188599
  6. Nowicki M, Muller F, Frentzen M: Cardiolipin synthase of Arabidopsis thaliana. FEBS Lett. 2005 Apr 11;579(10):2161-5. Pubmed: 15811335
  7. George TP, Morash SC, Cook HW, Byers DM, Palmer FB, Spence MW: Phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in cultured glioma cells: evidence for channeling of intermediates. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1989 Aug 22;1004(3):283-91. Pubmed: 2758024
  8. Houtkooper RH, Vaz FM: Cardiolipin, the heart of mitochondrial metabolism. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2008 Aug;65(16):2493-506. doi: 10.1007/s00018-008-8030-5. Pubmed: 18425414
  9. Lindblad L, Schersten T: Incorporation rate in vitro of choline and methyl-methionine into human hepatic lecithins. Scand J Gastroenterol. 1976;11(6):587-91. Pubmed: 981963

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent nucleotidase with a preference for UDP. The order of activity with different substrates is UDP > GDP > UTP > GTP. Has very low activity towards ADP and even lower activity towards ATP. Does not hydrolyze AMP and GMP. Involved in proteoglycan synthesis.
Gene Name:
CANT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8WVQ1
Molecular weight:
44839.24
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate. Inhibitor of p53-induced apoptosis.
Gene Name:
NME6
Uniprot ID:
O75414
Molecular weight:
22002.965
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + CDP → ADP + Cytidine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in 3'-5'-exoribonuclease activity
Specific function:
RNA-binding protein implicated in numerous RNA metabolic processes. Hydrolyzes single-stranded polyribonucleotides processively in the 3'-to-5' direction. Mitochondrial intermembrane factor with RNA-processing exoribonulease activity. Component of the mitochondrial degradosome (mtEXO) complex, that degrades 3' overhang double-stranded RNA with a 3'-to-5' directionality in an ATP-dependent manner. Required for correct processing and polyadenylation of mitochondrial mRNAs. Plays a role as a cytoplasmic RNA import factor that mediates the translocation of small RNA components, like the 5S RNA, the RNA subunit of ribonuclease P and the mitochondrial RNA-processing (MRP) RNA, into the mitochondrial matrix. Plays a role in mitochondrial morphogenesis and respiration; regulates the expression of the electron transport chain (ETC) components at the mRNA and protein levels. In the cytoplasm, shows a 3'-to-5' exoribonuclease mediating mRNA degradation activity; degrades c-myc mRNA upon treatment with IFNB1/IFN-beta, resulting in a growth arrest in melanoma cells. Regulates the stability of specific mature miRNAs in melanoma cells; specifically and selectively degrades miR-221, preferentially. Plays also a role in RNA cell surveillance by cleaning up oxidized RNAs. Binds to the RNA subunit of ribonuclease P, MRP RNA and miR-221 microRNA.
Gene Name:
PNPT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8TCS8
Molecular weight:
85949.84
Reactions
RNA + Phosphoric acid → RNA + CDPdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Plays a pivotal role in cell survival by repairing damaged DNA in a p53/TP53-dependent manner. Supplies deoxyribonucleotides for DNA repair in cells arrested at G1 or G2. Contains an iron-tyrosyl free radical center required for catalysis. Forms an active ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) complex with RRM1 which is expressed both in resting and proliferating cells in response to DNA damage.
Gene Name:
RRM2B
Uniprot ID:
Q7LG56
Molecular weight:
48786.6
Reactions
dCDP + Thioredoxin disulfide + Water → Thioredoxin + CDPdetails
General function:
Involved in thymidylate kinase activity
Specific function:
May participate in dUTP and dCTP synthesis in mitochondria. Is able to phosphorylate dUMP, dCMP, CMP, UMP and monophosphates of the pyrimidine nucleoside analogs ddC, dFdC, araC, BVDU and FdUrd with ATP as phosphate donor. Efficacy is highest for dUMP followed by dCMP; CMP and UMP are poor substrates. May be involved in mtDNA depletion caused by long term treatment with ddC or other pyrimidine analogs.
Gene Name:
CMPK2
Uniprot ID:
Q5EBM0
Molecular weight:
44958.27
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Cytidine monophosphate → ADP + CDPdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidation reduction
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides.
Gene Name:
RRM1
Uniprot ID:
P23921
Molecular weight:
90069.375
Reactions
dCDP + Thioredoxin disulfide + Water → Thioredoxin + CDPdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. Inhibits Wnt signaling.
Gene Name:
RRM2
Uniprot ID:
P31350
Molecular weight:
44877.25
Reactions
dCDP + Thioredoxin disulfide + Water → Thioredoxin + CDPdetails
General function:
Involved in 6-phosphofructokinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the third step of glycolysis, the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate (F6P) by ATP to generate fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) and ADP.
Gene Name:
PFKL
Uniprot ID:
P17858
Molecular weight:
85017.825
Reactions
Cytidine triphosphate + D-Tagatose 6-phosphate → CDP + D-Tagatose 1,6-bisphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in 6-phosphofructokinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the third step of glycolysis, the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate (F6P) by ATP to generate fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) and ADP.
Gene Name:
PFKM
Uniprot ID:
P08237
Molecular weight:
85181.925
Reactions
Cytidine triphosphate + D-Tagatose 6-phosphate → CDP + D-Tagatose 1,6-bisphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in 6-phosphofructokinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the third step of glycolysis, the phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate (F6P) by ATP to generate fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) and ADP.
Gene Name:
PFKP
Uniprot ID:
Q01813
Molecular weight:
85595.405
Reactions
Cytidine triphosphate + D-Tagatose 6-phosphate → CDP + D-Tagatose 1,6-bisphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Plays a key role in glycolysis (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PKLR
Uniprot ID:
P30613
Molecular weight:
61829.575
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. Possesses nucleoside-diphosphate kinase, serine/threonine-specific protein kinase, geranyl and farnesyl pyrophosphate kinase, histidine protein kinase and 3'-5' exonuclease activities. Involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and development, signal transduction, G protein-coupled receptor endocytosis, and gene expression. Required for neural development including neural patterning and cell fate determination.
Gene Name:
NME1
Uniprot ID:
P15531
Molecular weight:
17148.635
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + CDP → ADP + Cytidine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. Negatively regulates Rho activity by interacting with AKAP13/LBC. Acts as a transcriptional activator of the MYC gene; binds DNA non-specifically (PubMed:8392752). Exhibits histidine protein kinase activity.
Gene Name:
NME2
Uniprot ID:
P22392
Molecular weight:
30136.92
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + CDP → ADP + Cytidine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NME4
Uniprot ID:
O00746
Molecular weight:
20658.45
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + CDP → ADP + Cytidine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Canalicular ectonucleoside NTPDase responsible for the main hepatic NTPDase activity. Ectonucleoside NTPDases catalyze the hydrolysis of gamma- and beta-phosphate residues of nucleotides, playing a central role in concentration of extracellular nucleotides. Has activity toward ATP, ADP, UTP and UDP, but not toward AMP.
Gene Name:
ENTPD8
Uniprot ID:
Q5MY95
Molecular weight:
53903.14
Reactions
CDP + Water → Cytidine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
Cytidine triphosphate + Water → CDP + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
In the nervous system, could hydrolyze ATP and other nucleotides to regulate purinergic neurotransmission. Could also be implicated in the prevention of platelet aggregation by hydrolyzing platelet-activating ADP to AMP. Hydrolyzes ATP and ADP equally well.
Gene Name:
ENTPD1
Uniprot ID:
P49961
Molecular weight:
58706.0
Reactions
CDP + Water → Cytidine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
Cytidine triphosphate + Water → CDP + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Involved in the synthesis of the sugar donor Dol-P-Man which is required in the synthesis of N-linked and O-linked oligosaccharides and for that of GPI anchors (By similarity).
Gene Name:
DOLK
Uniprot ID:
Q9UPQ8
Molecular weight:
59267.055
Reactions
Cytidine triphosphate + dolichol → CDP + Dolichol-20details
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Probably mediates the hydrolysis of some nucleoside diphosphate derivatives
Gene Name:
NUDT8
Uniprot ID:
Q8WV74
Molecular weight:
25370.0
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Probably mediates the hydrolysis of some nucleoside diphosphate derivatives
Gene Name:
NUDT17
Uniprot ID:
P0C025
Molecular weight:
35923.1
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate. Probably has a role in normal hematopoiesis by inhibition of granulocyte differentiation and induction of apoptosis.
Gene Name:
NME3
Uniprot ID:
Q13232
Molecular weight:
19014.85
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + CDP → ADP + Cytidine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Mediates the hydrolysis of some nucleoside diphosphate derivatives. Can degrade 8-oxo-dGTP in vitro, suggesting that it may remove an oxidatively damaged form of guanine (7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine) from DNA and the nucleotide pool, thereby preventing misincorporation of 8-oxo-dGTP into DNA thus preventing A:T to C:G transversions. Its substrate specificity in vivo however remains unclear (By similarity). May have a role in DNA synthesis and cell cycle progression through the interaction with PCNA.
Gene Name:
NUDT15
Uniprot ID:
Q9NV35
Molecular weight:
18608.965
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Mediates the hydrolyzis of oxidized nucleoside diphosphate derivatives. Hydrolyzes 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxo-Gua)-containing deoxyribo- and ribonucleoside diphosphates to the monophosphates. Hydrolyzes 8-oxo-dGDP and 8-oxo-GDP with the same efficiencies. Hydrolyzes also 8-OH-dADP and 2-OH-dADP. Exhibited no or minimal hydrolyzis activity against 8-oxo-dGTP, 8-oxo-GTP, dGTP, GTP, dGDP and GDP. Probably removes oxidized guanine nucleotides from both the DNA and RNA precursor pools.
Gene Name:
NUDT18
Uniprot ID:
Q6ZVK8
Molecular weight:
35500.76
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Might support glycosylation reactions in the Golgi apparatus and, when released from cells, might catalyze the hydrolysis of extracellular nucleotides. Hydrolyzes preferentially nucleoside 5'-diphosphates, nucleoside 5'-triphosphates are hydrolyzed only to a minor extent, there is no hydrolysis of nucleoside 5'-monophosphates. The order of activity with different substrates is GDP > IDP >> UDP = CDP >> ADP (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ENTPD6
Uniprot ID:
O75354
Molecular weight:
51159.26
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate
Gene Name:
NME2P1
Uniprot ID:
O60361
Molecular weight:
15529.0
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate
Gene Name:
NME4
Uniprot ID:
A2IDD0
Molecular weight:
12978.5
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Uridine diphosphatase (UDPase) that promotes protein N-glycosylation and ATP level regulation. UDP hydrolysis promotes protein N-glycosylation and folding in the endoplasmic reticulum, as well as elevated ATP consumption in the cytosol via an ATP hydrolysis cycle. Together with CMPK1 and AK1, constitutes an ATP hydrolysis cycle that converts ATP to AMP and results in a compensatory increase in aerobic glycolysis. Also hydrolyzes GDP and IDP but not any other nucleoside di-, mono- or triphosphates, nor thiamine pyrophosphate. Plays a key role in the AKT1-PTEN signaling pathway by promoting glycolysis in proliferating cells in response to phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ENTPD5
Uniprot ID:
O75356
Molecular weight:
47516.985
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes preferentially nucleoside 5'-diphosphates, nucleoside 5'-triphosphates are hydrolyzed only to a minor extent. The order of activity with different substrates is UDP >> GDP = CDP = TDP, AMP, ADP, ATP and UMP are not substrates. Preferred substrates for isoform 2 are CTP, UDP, CDP, GTP and GDP, while isoform 1 utilizes UTP and TTP.
Gene Name:
ENTPD4
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y227
Molecular weight:
69419.915
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate.
Gene Name:
NME7
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y5B8
Molecular weight:
42491.365
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + CDP → ADP + Cytidine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to ADP, generating ATP. Stimulates POU5F1-mediated transcriptional activation. Plays a general role in caspase independent cell death of tumor cells. The ratio betwween the highly active tetrameric form and nearly inactive dimeric form determines whether glucose carbons are channeled to biosynthetic processes or used for glycolytic ATP production. The transition between the 2 forms contributes to the control of glycolysis and is important for tumor cell proliferation and survival.
Gene Name:
PKM
Uniprot ID:
P14618
Molecular weight:
65930.14
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Has a threefold preference for the hydrolysis of ATP over ADP.
Gene Name:
ENTPD3
Uniprot ID:
O75355
Molecular weight:
59104.76
Reactions
CDP + Water → Cytidine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
Cytidine triphosphate + Water → CDP + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes specific phosphoryl transfer from ATP to UMP and CMP.
Gene Name:
CMPK1
Uniprot ID:
P30085
Molecular weight:
20180.12
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Cytidine monophosphate → ADP + CDPdetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Does not seem to have NDK kinase activity. Confers protection from cell death by Bax and alters the cellular levels of several antioxidant enzymes including Gpx5. May play a role in spermiogenesis by increasing the ability of late-stage spermatids to eliminate reactive oxygen species (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NME5
Uniprot ID:
P56597
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + CDP → ADP + Cytidine triphosphatedetails