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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-12-21 14:22:10 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:04:56 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01587
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePhenylglyoxylic acid
DescriptionPhenylglyoxylic acid is one of the major urinary metabolites of toluene, o-, m- and p-xylenes, styrene and ethylbenzene. (PMID 3782394 ). For the biological monitoring of workers exposure to solvent used in industry, its concentration is measured in human urine samples. (PMID 2739101 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
BenzoylformateKegg
Benzoylformic acidKegg
PhenylglyoxylateKegg
2-oxo-2-PhenylacetateKegg
2-oxo-2-Phenylacetic acidGenerator
a-Ketophenylacetic acidHMDB
a-Oxobenzeneacetic acidHMDB
alpha-Ketophenylacetic acidHMDB
alpha-Oxobenzeneacetic acidHMDB
Benzoyl-formic acidHMDB
Oxophenylacetic acidHMDB
Phenylgloxylic acidHMDB
Phenyloxoacetic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC8H6O3
Average Molecular Weight150.1314
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight150.031694058
IUPAC Name2-oxo-2-phenylacetic acid
Traditional Namebenzoylformic acid
CAS Registry Number611-73-4
SMILES
OC(=O)C(=O)C1=CC=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C8H6O3/c9-7(8(10)11)6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5H,(H,10,11)
InChI KeyInChIKey=FAQJJMHZNSSFSM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenylacetic acid derivatives. These are compounds containing a phenylacetic acid moiety, which consists of a phenyl group substituted at the second position by an acetic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassPhenylacetic acid derivatives
Direct ParentPhenylacetic acid derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenylacetate
  • Acetophenone
  • Aryl ketone
  • Benzoyl
  • Keto acid
  • Alpha-keto acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Ketone
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point66 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility920.0 mg/mL at 0 °CNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.42 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.16ALOGPS
logP1.49ChemAxon
logS-1.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.69ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-9.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area54.37 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity38.26 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability14.07 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0zfr-1900000000-15499c77fbdf6aba2c6fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004i-9300000000-c84b000626073ef1eb7eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004i-9100000000-0d840af6ff6db1d61038View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-22fd9c3f15b7011e1779View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-eb5833f7b7cb1312e0fbView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-518533199e7a59cb1b17View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-a7f64053378dba21530cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-77eed9b73d7a3aa5b334View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected and Quantified36.6 +/- 0.48 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified7.34 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected and Quantified62.9 +/- 1.18 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothOccupational exposure to styrene details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022696
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID11421
KEGG Compound IDC02137
BioCyc IDCPD-141
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01587
Metagene LinkHMDB01587
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound11915
PDB ID173
ChEBI ID18280
References
Synthesis ReferenceHurd, Charles D.; McNamee, R. W.; Green, Frank O. Benzoylformic acid from styrene. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1939), 61 2979-80.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Lacroix C, Inger F, Menager S, Lafont O: [Simultaneous determination of urinary hippuric acid and o-, m-, p-methylhippuric acids with liquid chromatography]. J Chromatogr. 1986 Oct 31;382:275-9. [3782394 ]
  2. Sakai T, Takeuchi Y, Ikeya Y, Araki T, Ushio K: [Method for simultaneous determination of six metabolites of toluene, xylene and ethylbenzene, and its application to exposure monitoring of workers in a printing factory with gravure machines]. Sangyo Igaku. 1989 Jan;31(1):9-16. [2739101 ]