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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-20 22:13:20 UTC
Update Date2017-10-23 19:03:53 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001713
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01713
Metabolite Identification
Common Namem-Coumaric acid
Descriptionm-Coumaric acid is a polyphenol metabolite from caffeic acid, formed by the gut microflora and the amount in human biofluids is diet-dependant. m-Coumaric acid is transported by the monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT). MCT-mediated absorption of phenolic compounds per se and their colonic metabolites would exert significant impact on human health. (PMID 16870009 , 15479001 , 15479001 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2E)-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acidChEBI
(2E)-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)acrylic acidChEBI
(e)-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acidChEBI
3-Coumaric acidChEBI
m-Hydroxycinnamic acidChEBI
trans-3-HydroxycinnamateChEBI
trans-3-Hydroxycinnamic acidChEBI
(2E)-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoateGenerator
m-CoumarateGenerator
(2E)-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)acrylateGenerator
(e)-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoateGenerator
3-CoumarateGenerator
m-HydroxycinnamateGenerator
(2E)-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoateHMDB
(2E)-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoic acidHMDB
3'-HydroxycinnamateHMDB
3'-Hydroxycinnamic acidHMDB
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoateHMDB
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acidHMDB
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)acrylateHMDB
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)acrylic acidHMDB
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)acrylsaeureHMDB
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoateHMDB
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoic acidHMDB
3-HydroxycinnamateHMDB
3-Hydroxycinnamic acidHMDB
m-Hydroxy-cinnamateHMDB
m-Hydroxy-cinnamic acidHMDB
trans-3-Coumaric acidHMDB
3-Coumaric acid, (e)-isomerMeSH
Meta-coumaric acidMeSH
Chemical FormulaC9H8O3
Average Molecular Weight164.158
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight164.047344122
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number588-30-7
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H8O3/c10-8-3-1-2-7(6-8)4-5-9(11)12/h1-6,10H,(H,11,12)/b5-4+
InChI KeyKKSDGJDHHZEWEP-SNAWJCMRSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as hydroxycinnamic acids. These are compounds containing an cinnamic acid where the benzene ring is hydroxylated.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
Sub ClassCinnamic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentHydroxycinnamic acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cinnamic acid
  • Coumaric acid
  • Coumaric acid or derivatives
  • Hydroxycinnamic acid
  • Styrene
  • 1-hydroxy-4-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Phenol
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Benzenoid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Biofluid and excreta:

Source:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point192 - 194 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-0udl-1691000000-331053d0d0b85549ac0bView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0udl-1691000000-331053d0d0b85549ac0bView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0udi-1891000000-049e1d80dd47b23e8c28View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-02t9-2900000000-91ffd4c10eaed6a17632View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00y3-6390000000-f1a30e2fb9cd1fb11341View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-03xr-0900000000-4259219e89806dfe2602View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-014i-4900000000-2157a17ec65ead35585eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-00kf-9300000000-3325dd31a734dd4659bbView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-be33d196fbb525019f07View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) 30V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-d256885fb0f35d3d6680View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-be33d196fbb525019f07View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-d256885fb0f35d3d6680View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014j-0900000000-b5ad37fb931b464df7d5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-014j-1900000000-c66c146ee9509bf8a413View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0fvi-9700000000-fcc332df0fcb818fe0e0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-408ac0dd815354188750View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-146bae2da386ca2d4f1aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-014m-3900000000-235b38f342376d1c9f90View in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-03xr-7900000000-61ee2ad0ad164a1f7550View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
No entries found
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.022 +/- 0.009 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.014 +/- 0.006 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.046 +/- 0.012 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.051 +/- 0.017 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.012 +/- 0.006 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.007 +/- 0.002 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.008 +/- 0.002 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.881 +/- 0.878 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot Available
Normal
    details
    FecesDetected but not Quantified Not SpecifiedNot Specified
    Normal
    details
    FecesDetected but not Quantified Not SpecifiedBoth
    Normal
    details
    FecesDetected and Quantified2.0103 +/- 0.548 nmol/g of fecesAdult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    FecesDetected and Quantified2.0712 +/- 0.426 nmol/g of fecesAdult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified11.192 +/- 7.46 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
    Normal
      • Mordechai, Hien, ...
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.270 +/- 0.620 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.360 +/- 0.873 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 463 details
    UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.032 +/- 0.059 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.078 +/- 0.085 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.052 +/- 0.065 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.092 +/- 0.092 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.17 +/- 0.15 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.019 +/- 0.013 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.013 +/- 0.0065 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.148 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.251 +/- 0.409 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.012 +/- 0.003 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Male
    Normal
    details
    Abnormal Concentrations
    BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
    UrineDetected and Quantified18.808 +/- 9.712 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
    Eosinophilic esophagitis
      • Mordechai, Hien, ...
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified6.345 +/- 5.041 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
    Gastroesophageal reflux disease
      • Mordechai, Hien, ...
    details
    Associated Disorders and Diseases
    Disease ReferencesNone
    Associated OMIM IDsNone
    DrugBank IDNot Available
    DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Compound ID463
    Phenol Explorer Metabolite ID463
    FoodDB IDFDB002590
    KNApSAcK IDNot Available
    Chemspider ID553147
    KEGG Compound IDC12621
    BioCyc IDNot Available
    BiGG IDNot Available
    Wikipedia LinkNot Available
    METLIN ID305
    PubChem Compound637541
    PDB IDNot Available
    ChEBI ID32357
    References
    Synthesis ReferenceNeish, A. C. Formation of m- and p-coumaric acids by enzymic deamination of the corresponding isomers of tyrosine. Phytochemistry (Elsevier) (1961), 1 1-24.
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
    General References
    1. Nakazawa T, Ohsawa K: Metabolites of orally administered Perilla frutescens extract in rats and humans. Biol Pharm Bull. 2000 Jan;23(1):122-7. [PubMed:10706426 ]
    2. Baba S, Osakabe N, Natsume M, Yasuda A, Muto Y, Hiyoshi K, Takano H, Yoshikawa T, Terao J: Absorption, metabolism, degradation and urinary excretion of rosmarinic acid after intake of Perilla frutescens extract in humans. Eur J Nutr. 2005 Feb;44(1):1-9. Epub 2004 Feb 18. [PubMed:15309457 ]
    3. Gonthier MP, Verny MA, Besson C, Remesy C, Scalbert A: Chlorogenic acid bioavailability largely depends on its metabolism by the gut microflora in rats. J Nutr. 2003 Jun;133(6):1853-9. [PubMed:12771329 ]
    4. Kim MJ, Choi SJ, Kim HK, Kim CJ, Hong B, Kim YJ, Shin DH: Activation effects of Allium tuberosum Rottl. on choline acetyltransferase. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2007 Jan;71(1):226-30. Epub 2007 Jan 7. [PubMed:17213651 ]
    5. Shahidi F, Alasalvar C, Liyana-Pathirana CM: Antioxidant phytochemicals in hazelnut kernel (Corylus avellana L.) and hazelnut byproducts. J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Feb 21;55(4):1212-20. Epub 2007 Jan 24. [PubMed:17249682 ]
    6. Liu HL, Wan X, Huang XF, Kong LY: Biotransformation of sinapic acid catalyzed by Momordica charantia peroxidase. J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Feb 7;55(3):1003-8. [PubMed:17263505 ]
    7. Colen CB, Seraji-Bozorgzad N, Marples B, Galloway MP, Sloan AE, Mathupala SP: Metabolic remodeling of malignant gliomas for enhanced sensitization during radiotherapy: an in vitro study. Neurosurgery. 2006 Dec;59(6):1313-23; discussion 1323-4. [PubMed:17277695 ]
    8. Luceri C, Giannini L, Lodovici M, Antonucci E, Abbate R, Masini E, Dolara P: p-Coumaric acid, a common dietary phenol, inhibits platelet activity in vitro and in vivo. Br J Nutr. 2007 Mar;97(3):458-63. [PubMed:17313706 ]
    9. Funk C, Braune A, Grabber JH, Steinhart H, Bunzel M: Moderate ferulate and diferulate levels do not impede maize cell wall degradation by human intestinal microbiota. J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Mar 21;55(6):2418-23. Epub 2007 Feb 24. [PubMed:17319685 ]
    10. Grande MJ, Lopez RL, Abriouel H, Valdivia E, Ben Omar N, Maqueda M, Martinez-Canamero M, Galvez A: Treatment of vegetable sauces with enterocin AS-48 alone or in combination with phenolic compounds to inhibit proliferation of Staphylococcus aureus. J Food Prot. 2007 Feb;70(2):405-11. [PubMed:17340876 ]
    11. Ibanez AJ, Muck A, Svatos A: Dissipation of charge on MALDI-TOF polymeric chips using an electron-acceptor: analysis of proteins. J Mass Spectrom. 2007 May;42(5):634-40. [PubMed:17370249 ]
    12. Efdi M, Itoh T, Akao Y, Nozawa Y, Koketsu M, Ishihara H: The isolation of secondary metabolites and in vitro potent anti-cancer activity of clerodermic acid from Enicosanthum membranifolium. Bioorg Med Chem. 2007 Jun 1;15(11):3667-71. Epub 2007 Mar 18. [PubMed:17400462 ]
    13. Azzini E, Bugianesi R, Romano F, Di Venere D, Miccadei S, Durazzo A, Foddai MS, Catasta G, Linsalata V, Maiani G: Absorption and metabolism of bioactive molecules after oral consumption of cooked edible heads of Cynara scolymus L. (cultivar Violetto di Provenza) in human subjects: a pilot study. Br J Nutr. 2007 May;97(5):963-9. [PubMed:17408528 ]
    14. Appiah-Opong R, Commandeur JN, van Vugt-Lussenburg B, Vermeulen NP: Inhibition of human recombinant cytochrome P450s by curcumin and curcumin decomposition products. Toxicology. 2007 Jun 3;235(1-2):83-91. Epub 2007 Mar 15. [PubMed:17433521 ]
    15. Wang Q, Morris ME: The role of monocarboxylate transporter 2 and 4 in the transport of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid in mammalian cells. Drug Metab Dispos. 2007 Aug;35(8):1393-9. Epub 2007 May 14. [PubMed:17502341 ]
    16. Keyhanian S, Stahl-Biskup E: Phenolic constituents in dried flowers of aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) and their in vitro antioxidative capacity. Planta Med. 2007 Jun;73(6):599-602. Epub 2007 May 22. [PubMed:17520524 ]
    17. Kosanam H, Prakash PK, Yates CR, Miller DD, Ramagiri S: Rapid screening of doping agents in human urine by vacuum MALDI-linear ion trap mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2007 Aug 1;79(15):6020-6. Epub 2007 Jun 30. [PubMed:17602668 ]
    18. Rakotondramanana DL, Delomenede M, Baltas M, Duran H, Bedos-Belval F, Rasoanaivo P, Negre-Salvayre A, Gornitzka H: Synthesis of ferulic ester dimers, functionalisation and biological evaluation as potential antiatherogenic and antiplasmodial agents. Bioorg Med Chem. 2007 Sep 15;15(18):6018-26. Epub 2007 Jun 29. [PubMed:17624792 ]
    19. Gomez-Ruiz JA, Leake DS, Ames JM: In vitro antioxidant activity of coffee compounds and their metabolites. J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Aug 22;55(17):6962-9. Epub 2007 Jul 27. [PubMed:17655324 ]
    20. Wu CI, Tsai CC, Lu CC, Wu PC, Wu DC, Lin SY, Shiea J: Diagnosis of occult blood in human feces using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization/time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Clin Chim Acta. 2007 Sep;384(1-2):86-92. Epub 2007 Jun 26. [PubMed:17662705 ]
    21. Henry BL, Monien BH, Bock PE, Desai UR: A novel allosteric pathway of thrombin inhibition: Exosite II mediated potent inhibition of thrombin by chemo-enzymatic, sulfated dehydropolymers of 4-hydroxycinnamic acids. J Biol Chem. 2007 Nov 2;282(44):31891-9. Epub 2007 Sep 5. [PubMed:17804413 ]
    22. Qin J, Chen D, Hu H, Qiao M, Zhao X, Chen B: Body distributioin of RGD-mediated liposome in brain-targeting drug delivery. Yakugaku Zasshi. 2007 Sep;127(9):1497-501. [PubMed:17827930 ]
    23. Monteiro M, Farah A, Perrone D, Trugo LC, Donangelo C: Chlorogenic acid compounds from coffee are differentially absorbed and metabolized in humans. J Nutr. 2007 Oct;137(10):2196-201. [PubMed:17884997 ]
    24. Mennen LI, Sapinho D, Ito H, Bertrais S, Galan P, Hercberg S, Scalbert A: Urinary flavonoids and phenolic acids as biomarkers of intake for polyphenol-rich foods. Br J Nutr. 2006 Jul;96(1):191-8. [PubMed:16870009 ]
    25. Konishi Y, Kobayashi S: Microbial metabolites of ingested caffeic acid are absorbed by the monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT) in intestinal Caco-2 cell monolayers. J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Oct 20;52(21):6418-24. [PubMed:15479001 ]

    Enzymes

    General function:
    Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
    Specific function:
    UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
    Gene Name:
    UGT1A1
    Uniprot ID:
    P22309
    Molecular weight:
    59590.91
    Reactions
    m-Coumaric acid → 6-{3-[(1E)-2-carboxyeth-1-en-1-yl]phenoxy}-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic aciddetails
    m-Coumaric acid → 3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-{[(2E)-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoyl]oxy}oxane-2-carboxylic aciddetails
    General function:
    sulfotransferase activity
    Specific function:
    Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of phenolic monoamines (neurotransmitters such as dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin) and phenolic and catechol drugs.
    Gene Name:
    SULT1A3
    Uniprot ID:
    P0DMM9
    Molecular weight:
    34195.96
    Reactions
    m-Coumaric acid → (2E)-3-[3-(sulfooxy)phenyl]prop-2-enoic aciddetails