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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:31 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:12 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02003
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTetracosanoic acid
DescriptionLignoceric acid, also tetracosanoic acid, is a normal carboxylic acid, a very long chain fatty acid (VLCFA). Very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) are exclusively oxidized in peroxisomes and their levels are significantly increased in tissues of patients with peroxisomal disorders. (PMID 15565636 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
CH3-[CH2]22-COOHChEBI
LignozerinsaeureChEBI
N-Tetracosanoic acidChEBI
Tetracosanic acidChEBI
Tetracosanoic acidChEBI
TetracosansaeureChEBI
Tetracosoic acidChEBI
Tetraeicosanoic acidChEBI
Tetraicosanoic acidChEBI
LignocerateGenerator
N-TetracosanoateGenerator
TetracosanateGenerator
TetracosanoateGenerator
TetracosoateGenerator
TetraeicosanoateGenerator
TetraicosanoateGenerator
Chemical FormulaC24H48O2
Average Molecular Weight368.6367
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight368.36543078
IUPAC Nametetracosanoic acid
Traditional Namelignoceric acid
CAS Registry Number557-59-5
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C24H48O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-22-23-24(25)26/h2-23H2,1H3,(H,25,26)
InChI KeyInChIKey=QZZGJDVWLFXDLK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as very long-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains at least 22 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentVery long-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Very long-chain fatty acid
  • Straight chain fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
  • Peroxisome
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point84.2 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.27e-05 mg/mLALOGPS
logP9.56ALOGPS
logP9.81ChemAxon
logS-7.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count22ChemAxon
Refractivity113.89 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability51.57 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)splash10-0159-1900000000-3507c183bf018486d18fView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-0159-2900000000-9dedfb3583ae4e553948View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-016r-0509000000-b590f3868a4aa3c86803View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004i-0903000000-a6d1b482b61c2d36ee1dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004i-0900000000-4ef3dd8c92115a6d4e0cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80B) , Positivesplash10-07bf-9000000000-2ae141518702212751a7View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-3c3e69329be8a7148076View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0009000000-48bd2e6f8cbaa8fda6bdView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0kmi-2339000000-6881995e14be93cee803View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4l-6982000000-bcce0a5d41ac456500c7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-0009000000-249bc2a1e0da9132abb1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-01ba-0009000000-bb2e8d3e4fc1a5f88c77View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4l-9113000000-18bb969031b0d8959a2fView in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0avl-9200000000-6a6f857b59886189b246View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
  • Peroxisome
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue Location
  • Fibroblasts
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Adrenoleukodystrophy, X-linkedSMP00516Not Available
Beta Oxidation of Very Long Chain Fatty AcidsSMP00052map01040
Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiencySMP00517Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.262 +/- 0.014 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.930 +/- 0.194 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothColorectal cancer details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021823
KNApSAcK IDC00001223
Chemspider ID10724
KEGG Compound IDC08320
BioCyc IDTETRACOSANOATE
BiGG ID2218057
Wikipedia LinkTetracosanoic acid
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02003
Metagene LinkHMDB02003
METLIN ID6427
PubChem Compound11197
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28866
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Galloway JH, Cartwright IJ, Bennett MJ: Abnormal myocardial lipid composition in an infant with type II glutaric aciduria. J Lipid Res. 1987 Mar;28(3):279-84. [3572253 ]
  2. Dhaunsi GS, Kaur J, Alsaeid K, Turner RB, Bitar MS: Very long chain fatty acids activate NADPH oxidase in human dermal fibroblasts. Cell Biochem Funct. 2005 Jan-Feb;23(1):65-8. [15565636 ]
  3. Petroni A, Blasevich M, Uziel G: Effects of the testosterone metabolite dihydrotestosterone and 5 alpha-androstan-3 alpha,17 beta-diol on very long chain fatty acid metabolism in X-adrenoleukodystrophic fibroblasts. Life Sci. 2003 Aug 8;73(12):1567-75. [12865096 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Activation of long-chain fatty acids for both synthesis of cellular lipids, and degradation via beta-oxidation. Preferentially uses palmitoleate, oleate and linoleate.
Gene Name:
ACSL1
Uniprot ID:
P33121
Molecular weight:
77942.685