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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:31 UTC
Update Date2017-03-02 21:26:49 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02011
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name4-Hydroxyisovaleric acid
Description4-hydroxyisovaleric acid is a metabolite of isovaleric acid that has been reported to be found in the urine of patients with isovaleric acidemia. It seems to be an intermediate product in the formation of methylsuccinic acid from isovaleric acid by omega-. oxidation.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
4-HydroxyisopentanoateHMDB
4-Hydroxyisopentanoic acidHMDB
4-HydroxyisovalerateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC5H10O3
Average Molecular Weight118.1311
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight118.062994186
IUPAC Name4-hydroxy-3-methylbutanoic acid
Traditional Name4-hydroxyisopentanoate
CAS Registry Number77220-86-1
SMILES
CC(CO)CC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C5H10O3/c1-4(3-6)2-5(7)8/h4,6H,2-3H2,1H3,(H,7,8)
InChI KeyZGYGEPZZMAXSKH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as hydroxy fatty acids. These are fatty acids in which the chain bears a hydroxyl group.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassFatty Acyls
Direct ParentHydroxy fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Methyl-branched fatty acid
  • Short-chain hydroxy acid
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Branched fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility276.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.09ALOGPS
logP-0.15ChemAxon
logS0.37ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.59ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.53 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity28.27 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability11.91 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot Available
Normal
    details
    Abnormal Concentrations
    BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
    UrineDetected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableIsovaleric acidemia details
    Associated Disorders and Diseases
    Disease ReferencesNone
    Associated OMIM IDsNone
    DrugBank IDNot Available
    DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
    FoodDB IDFDB022793
    KNApSAcK IDNot Available
    Chemspider ID116413
    KEGG Compound IDNot Available
    BioCyc IDNot Available
    BiGG IDNot Available
    Wikipedia LinkNot Available
    NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02011
    Metagene LinkHMDB02011
    METLIN ID6434
    PubChem Compound131760
    PDB IDNot Available
    ChEBI ID384411
    References
    Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
    General References
    1. Truscott RJ, Malegan D, McCairns E, Burke D, Hick L, Sims P, Halpern B, Tanaka K, Sweetman L, Nyhan WL, Hammond J, Bumack C, Haan EA, Danks DM: New metabolites in isovaleric acidemia. Clin Chim Acta. 1981 Mar 5;110(2-3):187-203. [PubMed:6452974 ]