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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:32 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:12 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02014
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Namecis-5-Tetradecenoylcarnitine
DescriptionTetradecenoylcarnitine (C14:1) is the most characteristic metabolic marker of very long chain acyl-dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiency (PubMed ID 11433098 ); beta-Oxidation of long-chain fatty acids provides the major source of energy in the heart. Defects in enzymes of the beta-oxidation pathway cause sudden, unexplained death in childhood, acute hepatic encephalopathy or liver failure, skeletal myopathy, and cardiomyopathy. ( PubMed ID 7479827 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-[(5Z)-Tetradec-5-enoyloxy]-4-(trimethylammonio)butanoateChEBI
cis-5-TetradecenoylcarnitineChEBI
Chemical FormulaC21H39NO4
Average Molecular Weight369.5387
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight369.287908741
IUPAC Name3-[(5Z)-tetradec-5-enoyloxy]-4-(trimethylazaniumyl)butanoate
Traditional Namecis-5-tetradecenoylcarnitine
CAS Registry Number835598-21-5
SMILES
CCCCCCCC\C=C/CCCC(=O)OC(CC([O-])=O)C[N+](C)(C)C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H39NO4/c1-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-21(25)26-19(17-20(23)24)18-22(2,3)4/h12-13,19H,5-11,14-18H2,1-4H3/b13-12-
InChI KeyInChIKey=NNCBVXBBLABOCB-SEYXRHQNSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl carnitines. These are organic compounds containing a fatty acid with the carboxylic acid attached to carnitine through an ester bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acid esters
Direct ParentAcyl carnitines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Acyl-carnitine
  • Carnitine
  • Acyl choline
  • Choline
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Carboxylic acid salt
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Organic zwitterion
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Lipid catabolism, Fatty acid transport, Energy production
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.71e-05 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.48ALOGPS
logP0.78ChemAxon
logS-7.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.24ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area66.43 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count17ChemAxon
Refractivity128.99 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability44.6 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.06 +/- 0.03 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.032 (0.005-0.097) uMChildren (1-13 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.0038 +/- 0.0015 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified5.223 (2.658-7.891) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothVery long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (vLCAD) details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.0039 +/- 0.0013 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Eosinophilic esophagitis
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.0089 +/- 0.0114 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Very Long Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
  1. Costa CG, Struys EA, Bootsma A, ten Brink HJ, Dorland L, Tavares de Almeida I, Duran M, Jakobs C: Quantitative analysis of plasma acylcarnitines using gas chromatography chemical ionization mass fragmentography. J Lipid Res. 1997 Jan;38(1):173-82. [9034211 ]
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022796
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID17216151
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02014
Metagene LinkHMDB02014
METLIN ID6437
PubChem Compound22833575
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Strauss AW, Powell CK, Hale DE, Anderson MM, Ahuja A, Brackett JC, Sims HF: Molecular basis of human mitochondrial very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency causing cardiomyopathy and sudden death in childhood. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Nov 7;92(23):10496-500. [7479827 ]
  2. Shigematsu Y, Hirano S, Hata I, Tanaka Y, Sudo M, Tajima T, Sakura N, Yamaguchi S, Takayanagi M: Selective screening for fatty acid oxidation disorders by tandem mass spectrometry: difficulties in practical discrimination. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Jul 15;792(1):63-72. [12828998 ]
  3. Wood JC, Magera MJ, Rinaldo P, Seashore MR, Strauss AW, Friedman A: Diagnosis of very long chain acyl-dehydrogenase deficiency from an infant's newborn screening card. Pediatrics. 2001 Jul;108(1):E19. [11433098 ]
  4. Archie JP Jr: Splenic artery stump back pressure. Am Surg. 1992 Aug;58(8):504-5. [1642390 ]