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Record Information
Version4.0
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:36 UTC
Update Date2017-09-25 17:16:09 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0002091
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB02091
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Metabolite Identification
Common NameIsovalerylglucuronide
DescriptionIsovaleryl glucuronide has been identified in the urine of patients with isovaleric acidemia made possible by using gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Isovaleryl glucuronide is more likely to be excreted when the amount of urinary 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid excretion is high. Isovaleryl glucuronide is more likely to be excreted when the amount of urinary 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid excretion is high. (PMID: 6547525 ). Isovaleric acidemia is caused by mutation in the isovaleryl CoA dehydrogenase gene and is closely related to maple syrup urine disease. It presents in two forms: the acute neonatal form, leading to massive metabolic acidosis from the first days of life and rapid death and a chronic form in which periodic attacks of severe ketoacidosis occur with asymptomatic intervening periods. (OMIM 243500 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Isovaleryl-beta-D-glucuronideHMDB
Isovaleryl-beta-delta-glucuronideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC11H18O8
Average Molecular Weight278.2558
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight278.100167552
IUPAC Name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[(3-methylbutanoyl)oxy]oxane-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Nameisovalerylglucuronide
CAS Registry Number88070-93-3
SMILES
CC(C)CC(=O)O[C@@H]1O[C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C11H18O8/c1-4(2)3-5(12)18-11-8(15)6(13)7(14)9(19-11)10(16)17/h4,6-9,11,13-15H,3H2,1-2H3,(H,16,17)/t6-,7-,8+,9-,11+/m0/s1
InChI KeyVOJAALAAOYUSCT-ZCLKDUABSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as o-glucuronides. These are glucuronides in which the aglycone is linked to the carbohydrate unit through an O-glycosidic bond.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
Sub ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Direct ParentO-glucuronides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 1-o-glucuronide
  • O-glucuronide
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Fatty acyl
  • Oxane
  • Pyran
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Acetal
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Polyol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition
Biological Location:
Source:
Subcellular:
Biofluid and excreta:
Organ and components:
Process
Naturally occurring process:
Biological process:
Biochemical pathway:
Role
Biological role:
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility65.8 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.98ALOGPS
logP-0.74ChemAxon
logS-0.63ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.51ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area133.52 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity58.72 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability25.89 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Glycogen synthetase deficiencyPw000528Pw000528 greyscalePw000528 simpleNot Available
Glycogenosis, Type III. Cori disease, Debrancher glycogenosisPw000529Pw000529 greyscalePw000529 simpleNot Available
Glycogenosis, Type IV. Amylopectinosis, Anderson diseasePw000530Pw000530 greyscalePw000530 simpleNot Available
Glycogenosis, Type VI. Hers diseasePw000531Pw000531 greyscalePw000531 simpleNot Available
Mucopolysaccharidosis VI. Sly syndromePw000532Pw000532 greyscalePw000532 simpleNot Available
Displaying entries 1 - 5 of 7 in total
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
    details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
      details
      Abnormal Concentrations
      Not Available
      Associated Disorders and Diseases
      Disease ReferencesNone
      Associated OMIM IDsNone
      DrugBank IDNot Available
      DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00550
      Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
      Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
      FoodDB IDFDB022841
      KNApSAcK IDNot Available
      Chemspider ID121058
      KEGG Compound IDNot Available
      BioCyc IDBeta-D-Glucuronides
      BiGG IDNot Available
      Wikipedia LinkNot Available
      NuGOwiki LinkHMDB0002091
      METLIN ID6482
      PubChem Compound137383
      PDB IDNot Available
      ChEBI IDNot Available
      References
      Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
      Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
      General References
      1. Dorland L, Duran M, Wadman SK, Niederwieser A, Bruinvis L, Ketting D: Isovalerylglucuronide, a new urinary metabolite in isovaleric acidemia. Identification problems due to rearrangement reactions. Clin Chim Acta. 1983 Oct 31;134(1-2):77-83. [PubMed:6652913 ]
      2. Hine DG, Tanaka K: The identification and the excretion pattern of isovaleryl glucuronide in the urine of patients with isovaleric acidemia. Pediatr Res. 1984 Jun;18(6):508-12. [PubMed:6547525 ]

      Enzymes

      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme has glucuronidating capacity with steroid substrates such as 5-beta-androstane 3-alpha,17-beta-diol, estradiol, ADT, eugenol and bile acids. Only isoform 1 seems to be active.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B28
      Uniprot ID:
      Q9BY64
      Molecular weight:
      38742.9
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydroxyglucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B4
      Uniprot ID:
      P06133
      Molecular weight:
      60512.035
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A4
      Uniprot ID:
      P22310
      Molecular weight:
      60024.535
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol (in vitro).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B7
      Uniprot ID:
      P16662
      Molecular weight:
      60720.15
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme displays activity toward several classes of xenobiotic substrates, including simple phenolic compounds, 7-hydroxylated coumarins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and certain drugs and their hydroxylated metabolites. It also catalyzes the glucuronidation of endogenous estrogens and androgens.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B15
      Uniprot ID:
      P54855
      Molecular weight:
      61035.815
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Active on odorants and seems to be involved in olfaction; it could help clear lipophilic odorant molecules from the sensory epithelium.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2A1
      Uniprot ID:
      Q9Y4X1
      Molecular weight:
      60771.605
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A1
      Uniprot ID:
      P22309
      Molecular weight:
      59590.91
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A9
      Uniprot ID:
      O60656
      Molecular weight:
      59940.495
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A3
      Uniprot ID:
      P35503
      Molecular weight:
      60337.835
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. The major substrates of this isozyme are eugenol > 4-methylumbelliferone > dihydrotestosterone (DHT) > androstane-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol) > testosterone > androsterone (ADT).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B17
      Uniprot ID:
      O75795
      Molecular weight:
      61094.915
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A6
      Uniprot ID:
      P19224
      Molecular weight:
      60750.215
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A5
      Uniprot ID:
      P35504
      Molecular weight:
      60070.565
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B11
      Uniprot ID:
      O75310
      Molecular weight:
      61037.8
      General function:
      Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
      Specific function:
      Plays an important role in the degradation of dermatan and keratan sulfates.
      Gene Name:
      GUSB
      Uniprot ID:
      P08236
      Molecular weight:
      74731.46
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds (By similarity).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2A3
      Uniprot ID:
      Q6UWM9
      Molecular weight:
      60253.94
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A10
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DT02
      Molecular weight:
      59809.1
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A8
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DSZ6
      Molecular weight:
      59741.0
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A7
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DSZ7
      Molecular weight:
      59818.3