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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:36 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:17 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02095
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameMalonylcarnitine
DescriptionMalonylcarnitine is a metabolite that accumulates with specific disruption of fatty-acid oxidation caused by impaired entry of long-chain acylcarnitine esters into the mitochondria and failure of the mitochondrial respiratory chain at complex 11 and malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.9) deficiency (OMIM 248360 ). Malonylcarnitine has also been found to accumulate in some newborns with medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (EC 1.3.99.3) deficiency (OMIM 201450 ). (PMID 11558490 , 15303003 , 12651823 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-[(2-Carboxyacetyl)oxy]-4-hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-4-oxo-1-butanaminium inner saltHMDB
3-Carboxy-2-[(carboxyacetyl)oxy]-N,N,N-trimethyl-1-propanaminium inner saltHMDB
Malonyl-L-carnitineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H17NO6
Average Molecular Weight247.2451
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight247.105587281
IUPAC Name(3S)-3-[(2-carboxyacetyl)oxy]-4-(trimethylazaniumyl)butanoate
Traditional Name(3S)-3-[(2-carboxyacetyl)oxy]-4-(trimethylammonio)butanoate
CAS Registry Number853728-01-5
SMILES
C[N+](C)(C)C[C@H](CC([O-])=O)OC(=O)CC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H17NO6/c1-11(2,3)6-7(4-8(12)13)17-10(16)5-9(14)15/h7H,4-6H2,1-3H3,(H-,12,13,14,15)/t7-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=ZGNBLKBZJBJFDG-ZETCQYMHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl carnitines. These are organic compounds containing a fatty acid with the carboxylic acid attached to carnitine through an ester bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acid esters
Direct ParentAcyl carnitines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Acyl-carnitine
  • Carnitine
  • Tricarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Acyl choline
  • Choline
  • 1,3-dicarbonyl compound
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Carboxylic acid salt
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Organic zwitterion
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Lipid catabolism, Fatty acid transport, Energy production
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.34 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-2ALOGPS
logP-4.6ChemAxon
logS-3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.47ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area103.73 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity78.98 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability23.61 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.1 (0 - 0.2) uMChildren (1-13 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.02 (0.01-0.04) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified2.7 (1.6 - 3.8) uMNewborn (0-30 days old)Not SpecifiedMalonyl-CoA decarboxylase deficiency details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.2 (0.13 - 0.3) uMInfant (0-1 year old)Not SpecifiedMalonyl-CoA decarboxylase deficiency details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Malonyl-Coa decarboxylase deficiency
  1. Santer R, Fingerhut R, Lassker U, Wightman PJ, Fitzpatrick DR, Olgemoller B, Roscher AA: Tandem mass spectrometric determination of malonylcarnitine: diagnosis and neonatal screening of malonyl-CoA decarboxylase deficiency. Clin Chem. 2003 Apr;49(4):660-2. [12651823 ]
  2. Ficicioglu C, Chrisant MR, Payan I, Chace DH: Cardiomyopathy and hypotonia in a 5-month-old infant with malonyl-coa decarboxylase deficiency: potential for preclinical diagnosis with expanded newborn screening. Pediatr Cardiol. 2005 Nov-Dec;26(6):881-3. [16078122 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
  • 248360 (Malonyl-Coa decarboxylase deficiency)
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022843
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID17216162
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02095
Metagene LinkHMDB02095
METLIN ID6484
PubChem Compound22833583
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Johnson DW, Trinh MU: Stability of malonylcarnitine and glutarylcarnitine in stored blood spots. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2004;27(6):789-90. [15617193 ]
  2. Santer R, Fingerhut R, Lassker U, Wightman PJ, Fitzpatrick DR, Olgemoller B, Roscher AA: Tandem mass spectrometric determination of malonylcarnitine: diagnosis and neonatal screening of malonyl-CoA decarboxylase deficiency. Clin Chem. 2003 Apr;49(4):660-2. [12651823 ]
  3. Napolitano N, Wiley V, Pitt JJ: Pseudo-glutarylcarnitinaemia in medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency detected by tandem mass spectrometry newborn screening. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2004;27(4):465-71. [15303003 ]
  4. Wolf A, Weir P, Segar P, Stone J, Shield J: Impaired fatty acid oxidation in propofol infusion syndrome. Lancet. 2001 Feb 24;357(9256):606-7. [11558490 ]
  5. Ficicioglu C, Chrisant MR, Payan I, Chace DH: Cardiomyopathy and hypotonia in a 5-month-old infant with malonyl-coa decarboxylase deficiency: potential for preclinical diagnosis with expanded newborn screening. Pediatr Cardiol. 2005 Nov-Dec;26(6):881-3. [16078122 ]