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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:47 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:34 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02320
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameImidazolelactic acid
DescriptionImidazolelactic acid is the component of normal human urine. (PMID: 5856262 ). histidine loading causes an increase in the excretion of imidazolelactic acid. (PMID: 6021220 ). During pregnancy the values for imidazolelactic acid in urine is increased 3-fold. An interaction of allergic reactions and anomalies in the metabolism of the sex hormones are considered to form the basis of the pregnancy-specific illnesses that were studied. (PMID: 5789877 ). Urinary excretion of imidazolelactic acid is also an indication for folic acid and vitamin B12 deficiency. (PMID: 4645251 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-Imidazolelactic acidChEBI
2-Hydroxy-3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propanoic acidChEBI
1-ImidazolelactateGenerator
3-(Imidazol-1-yl)lactateGenerator
2-Hydroxy-3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propanoateGenerator
2-Hydroxy-3-[4-imidazolyl]-propanoateHMDB
2-Hydroxy-3-[4-imidazolyl]-propanoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H8N2O3
Average Molecular Weight156.1393
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight156.053492132
IUPAC Name2-hydroxy-3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propanoic acid
Traditional Name2-hydroxy-3-(imidazol-1-yl)propanoic acid
CAS Registry Number876-19-7
SMILES
OC(CN1C=CN=C1)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H8N2O3/c9-5(6(10)11)3-8-2-1-7-4-8/h1-2,4-5,9H,3H2,(H,10,11)
InChI KeyInChIKey=JTYMXXCJQKGGFG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as imidazolyl carboxylic acids and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing a carboxylic acid chain (of at least 2 carbon atoms) linked to an imidazole ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassAzoles
Sub ClassImidazoles
Direct ParentImidazolyl carboxylic acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Imidazolyl carboxylic acid derivative
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Azacycle
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility11.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.2ALOGPS
logP-1.7ChemAxon
logS-1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.39ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)6.77ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area75.35 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity36.03 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability14.1 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-052r-0900000000-0329a4bafbb746648ef5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-5900000000-2ceb5bb4c7d0c4d563aeView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-014i-9000000000-af66fc635cd0e0618e4bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-e77f735cce68a7f7b4a2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-014i-9300000000-6a5f23eb647fb89baad5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-014l-9000000000-4e4a86f260b34da6c02aView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Prostate
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot Available
Normal
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.5 (0.17-1.0) umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
    • West Cadwell, N.J...
    • Basel, Switzerlan...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified5.6 (3.5-7.0) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
    • West Cadwell, N.J...
    • Basel, Switzerlan...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022962
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID404046
KEGG Compound IDC05132
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02320
Metagene LinkHMDB02320
METLIN ID6617
PubChem Compound459122
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27487
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. [19212411 ]
  2. Block WD, Westhoff MH, Steele BF: Histidine metabolism in the human adult: histidine blood tolerance, and the effect of continued free L-histidine ingestion on the concentration of imidazole compounds in blood and urine. J Nutr. 1967 Feb;91(2):189-94. [6021220 ]
  3. Dubovsky J, Dubovska E, Formankova J: [Imidazolactic acid in the urine. Method of determination and clinical observations]. Cas Lek Cesk. 1965 Nov 5;104(44):1216-21. [5856262 ]
  4. Hamacher M, Mosebach KO: [Quantitative determination of some imidazole derivatives in the urine of pregnant patients, non-pregnant patients and those with diseases caused by pregnancy]. Hoppe Seylers Z Physiol Chem. 1969 May;350(5):603-8. [5789877 ]
  5. van Roon-Djordjevic B, Cerfontain-van Staalen: Urinary excretion of histidine metabolites as an indication for folic acid and vitamin B 12 deficiency. Clin Chim Acta. 1972 Oct;41:55-65. [4645251 ]