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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:48 UTC
Update Date2014-12-01 23:07:45 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02322
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCadaverine
DescriptionCadaverine is a foul-smelling diamine formed by bacterial decarboxylation of lysine that occurs during protein hydrolysis during putrefaction of animal tissue. However, this diamine is not purely associated with putrefaction. It is also produced in small quantities by mammals. In particular, it is partially responsible for the distinctive smell of urine and semen. Elevated levels of cadaverine have been found in the urine of some patients with defects in lysine metabolism. Cadaverine is toxic in large doses. In rats it had a low acute oral toxicity of more than 2000 mg/kg body weight (Wikipedia).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. 1,5-Diaminopentane
  2. 1,5-Diaminopentane dihydrochloride
  3. 1,5-Pentamethylenediamine
  4. 1,5-Pentanediamine
  5. Cadaverin
  6. Cadaverine dihydrochloride
  7. Pentamethylenediamine
  8. Pentamethylenediamine dihydrochloride
  9. Pentane-1,5-diamine
Chemical FormulaC5H14N2
Average Molecular Weight102.1781
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight102.115698458
IUPAC Namepentane-1,5-diamine
Traditional Namepentane-1,5-diamine
CAS Registry Number462-94-2
SMILES
NCCCCCN
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C5H14N2/c6-4-2-1-3-5-7/h1-7H2
InChI KeyVHRGRCVQAFMJIZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassAliphatic Acyclic Compounds
ClassAlkylamines
Sub ClassPolyamines
Other Descriptors
  • Alkylamines
  • alkane-alpha,omega-diamine(ChEBI)
Substituents
  • N/A
Direct ParentPolyamines
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Microbial
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point9 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility89.1ALOGPS
logP-0.27ALOGPS
logP-0.4ChemAxon
logS-0.06ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)10.51ChemAxon
Physiological Charge2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area52.04 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity31.98 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability13.11 Å3ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraGC-MSMS/MSLC-MS1D NMR2D NMR
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Epidermis
  • Intestine
  • Prostate
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified217.268 +/- 239.777 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified7.40 +/- 22.4 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.32 +/- 1.41 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified2.50 +/- 2.62 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified2.74 +/- 5.58 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
    • Dame, ZT. et al. ...
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.40 (0.01-0.82) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.217 +/- .208 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNot Available details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.058 +/- 0.0067 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.22 +/- 0.11 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Kidney disease
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.16 +/- 0.09 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Kidney disease
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Irritable bowel syndrome
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative colitis
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedPancreatic cancer details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedPeriodontal diseases details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothOral cancer details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)FemaleBreast cancer details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothLeukemia details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.991 +/- 0.936 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothLeukemia details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.18 +/- 0.044 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothPancreatic cancer details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Thyroid cancer
  1. Loser C, Folsch UR, Paprotny C, Creutzfeldt W: Polyamine concentrations in pancreatic tissue, serum, and urine of patients with pancreatic cancer. Pancreas. 1990 Mar;5(2):119-27. Pubmed: 2315288
Kidney disease
  1. Takagi T, Chung TG, Saito A: Determination of polyamines in hydrolysates of uremic plasma by high-performance cation-exchange column chromatography. J Chromatogr. 1983 Feb 11;272(2):279-85. Pubmed: 6833425
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB03854
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB001493
KNApSAcK IDC00001403
Chemspider ID13866593
KEGG Compound IDC01672
BioCyc IDCADAVERINE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkCadaverine
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02322
Metagene LinkHMDB02322
METLIN ID3236
PubChem Compound273
PDB IDN2P
ChEBI ID18127
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. van den Berg GA, Schaaf JM, Nagel GT, Teelken AW, Muskiet FA: Determination of polyamines and metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid by isotope dilution mass fragmentography, and a clinical application. Clin Chim Acta. 1987 Jun 15;165(2-3):147-54. Pubmed: 3308180
  2. Muskiet FA, van den Berg GA, Kingma AW, Fremouw-Ottevangers DC, Halie MR: Total polyamines and their non-alpha-amino acid metabolites simultaneously determined in urine by capillary gas chromatography, with nitrogen-phosphorus detector; and some clinical applications. Clin Chem. 1984 May;30(5):687-95. Pubmed: 6713628
  3. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. Pubmed: 19212411
  4. Wolrath H, Forsum U, Larsson PG, Boren H: Analysis of bacterial vaginosis-related amines in vaginal fluid by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. J Clin Microbiol. 2001 Nov;39(11):4026-31. Pubmed: 11682525
  5. Gabastou JM, Nugon-Baudon L, Robert Y, Manuel C, Vaissade P, Bourgeon E, Sibeud M, Szylit O, Bourlioux P: [Digestive amines of bacterial origin and behavior disorders. Apropos of a case] Pathol Biol (Paris). 1996 Apr;44(4):275-81. Pubmed: 8763591
  6. Cooke M, Leeves N, White C: Time profile of putrescine, cadaverine, indole and skatole in human saliva. Arch Oral Biol. 2003 Apr;48(4):323-7. Pubmed: 12663078
  7. Becker K, Csikos M, Sardy M, Szalai ZS, Horvath A, Karpati S: Identification of two novel nonsense mutations in the transglutaminase 1 gene in a Hungarian patient with congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma. Exp Dermatol. 2003 Jun;12(3):324-9. Pubmed: 12823447
  8. Goldberg S, Kozlovsky A, Gordon D, Gelernter I, Sintov A, Rosenberg M: Cadaverine as a putative component of oral malodor. J Dent Res. 1994 Jun;73(6):1168-72. Pubmed: 8046106
  9. Wakisaka K, Arano Y, Uezono T, Akizawa H, Ono M, Kawai K, Ohomomo Y, Nakayama M, Saji H: A novel radioiodination reagent for protein radiopharmaceuticals with L-lysine as a plasma-stable metabolizable linkage to liberate m-iodohippuric acid after lysosomal proteolysis. J Med Chem. 1997 Aug 1;40(16):2643-52. Pubmed: 9258371
  10. Kai M, Ogata T, Haraguchi K, Ohkura Y: High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of free and total polyamines in human serum as fluorescamine derivatives. J Chromatogr. 1979 Jun 11;163(2):151-60. Pubmed: 541366
  11. Konikoff F, Goldman G, Halpern Z, Somjen GJ, Gilat T: Polyamines--potential nucleating factors in bile. Liver. 1990 Jun;10(3):173-6. Pubmed: 2385158
  12. Fujita K, Nagatsu T, Shinpo K, Maruta K, Teradaira R, Nakamura M: Improved analysis for urinary polyamines by use of high-voltage electrophoresis on paper. Clin Chem. 1980 Oct;26(11):1577-82. Pubmed: 7418205
  13. Kohler H, Rodrigues SP, Maurelli AT, McCormick BA: Inhibition of Salmonella typhimurium enteropathogenicity by piperidine, a metabolite of the polyamine cadaverine. J Infect Dis. 2002 Oct 15;186(8):1122-30. Epub 2002 Sep 20. Pubmed: 12355363
  14. Chen KC, Amsel R, Eschenbach DA, Holmes KK: Biochemical diagnosis of vaginitis: determination of diamines in vaginal fluid. J Infect Dis. 1982 Mar;145(3):337-45. Pubmed: 7061879
  15. Kubilus J, Baden HP: Isolation of two immunologically related transglutaminase substrates from cultured human keratinocytes. In Vitro. 1982 May;18(5):447-55. Pubmed: 6180968
  16. Kubota S, Okada M, Imahori K, Ohsawa N: A new simple enzymatic assay method for urinary polyamines in humans. Cancer Res. 1983 May;43(5):2363-7. Pubmed: 6831460
  17. Hallak A, Rosenberg R, Gilat T, Somjen GJ: Determination of free polyamines in human bile by high-performance liquid chromatography. Clin Sci (Lond). 1993 Oct;85(4):451-4. Pubmed: 8222511

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the production of spermidine from putrescine and decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine (dcSAM). Has a strong preference for putrescine as substrate, and has very low activity towards 1,3-diaminopropane. Has extremely low activity towards spermidine.
Gene Name:
SRM
Uniprot ID:
P19623
Molecular weight:
33824.455
Reactions
S-Adenosylmethioninamine + Cadaverine → 5'-Methylthioadenosine + Aminopropylcadaverinedetails
General function:
Involved in copper ion binding
Specific function:
Cell adhesion protein that participates in lymphocyte recirculation by mediating the binding of lymphocytes to peripheral lymph node vascular endothelial cells in an L-selectin-independent fashion. Has a monoamine oxidase activity. May play a role in adipogenesis.
Gene Name:
AOC3
Uniprot ID:
Q16853
Molecular weight:
84621.27
Reactions
Cadaverine + Water + Oxygen → 5-Aminopentanal + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
General function:
Involved in copper ion binding
Specific function:
Has a monoamine oxidase activity with substrate specificity for 2-phenylethylamine and tryptamine. May play a role in adipogenesis. May be a critical modulator of signal transmission in retina.
Gene Name:
AOC2
Uniprot ID:
O75106
Molecular weight:
80515.11
Reactions
Cadaverine + Water + Oxygen → 5-Aminopentanal + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails