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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:49 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:35 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02345
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameHeneicosanoic acid
DescriptionHeneicosanoic acid (HEA) is a fatty acid found in human milk fat (PMID: 16332663 , 16512938 ). HEA is also a part of the phospholipids of the articular cartilage boundary lubricant (PMID: 11518278 ). HEA is a constituent of red blood cell fatty acids. (PMID: 9972864 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
21:0ChEBI
C21:0ChEBI
Heneicosanoic acidChEBI
HeneicosansaeureChEBI
Heneicosylic acidChEBI
N-Heneicosanoic acidChEBI
N-Heneicosylic acidChEBI
N-Henicosanoic acidChEBI
HenicosanoateGenerator
HeneicosanoateGenerator
HeneicosylateGenerator
N-HeneicosanoateGenerator
N-HeneicosylateGenerator
N-HenicosanoateGenerator
HeneicosanateHMDB
Heneicosanic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC21H42O2
Average Molecular Weight326.557
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight326.318480588
IUPAC Namehenicosanoic acid
Traditional Nameheneicosanoic acid
CAS Registry Number2363-71-5
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H42O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21(22)23/h2-20H2,1H3,(H,22,23)
InChI KeyInChIKey=CKDDRHZIAZRDBW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 13 and 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Straight chain fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point74 - 76 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.97e-05 mg/mLALOGPS
logP8.97ALOGPS
logP8.48ChemAxon
logS-6.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count19ChemAxon
Refractivity100.09 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability45.09 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-0159-2900000000-d29fc7eb4fea54b3bffeView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-004i-0009000000-76ddc619babd8e5695ceView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-004i-0009000000-673b532d7cf4b18b12a9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-001i-0090000000-c40174e878425a9d0507View in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-05dl-9201000000-365f2ad065e0036dda86View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB002742
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID16012
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02345
Metagene LinkHMDB02345
METLIN ID4208
PubChem Compound16898
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID39248
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Moser AB, Jones DS, Raymond GV, Moser HW: Plasma and red blood cell fatty acids in peroxisomal disorders. Neurochem Res. 1999 Feb;24(2):187-97. [9972864 ]
  2. Mosley EE, Wright AL, McGuire MK, McGuire MA: trans Fatty acids in milk produced by women in the United States. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Dec;82(6):1292-7. [16332663 ]
  3. Torres AG, Ney JG, Meneses F, Trugo NM: Polyunsaturated fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid isomers in breast milk are associated with plasma non-esterified and erythrocyte membrane fatty acid composition in lactating women. Br J Nutr. 2006 Mar;95(3):517-24. [16512938 ]
  4. Sarma AV, Powell GL, LaBerge M: Phospholipid composition of articular cartilage boundary lubricant. J Orthop Res. 2001 Jul;19(4):671-6. [11518278 ]