You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:54 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:41 UTC
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTaurochenodeoxycholate-3-sulfate
DescriptionTaurochenodeoxycholate-3-sulfate is a bile salt formed in the liver by conjugation of chenodeoxycholate with taurine, usually as the sodium salt. Under normal circumstances, bile acid sulfation is a minor pathway. However in the presence of cholestasis, the fraction of the bile acid pool which is sulfated increases. Sulfation of bile acids increases the aqueous solubility of the amphipathic compounds and results in more efficient renal clearance as well as in decreased reabsorption from the intestinal lumen. Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in bile of mammals. The distinction between different bile acids is minute, depends only on presence or absence of hydroxyl groups on positions 3, 7, and 12. Bile acids are physiological detergents that facilitate excretion, absorption, and transport of fats and sterols in the intestine and liver. Bile acids are also steroidal amphipathic molecules derived from the catabolism of cholesterol. They modulate bile flow and lipid secretion, are essential for the absorption of dietary fats and vitamins, and have been implicated in the regulation of all the key enzymes involved in cholesterol homeostasis. Bile acids recirculate through the liver, bile ducts, small intestine and portal vein to form an enterohepatic circuit. They exist as anions at physiological pH and, consequently, require a carrier for transport across the membranes of the enterohepatic tissues. The unique detergent properties of bile acids are essential for the digestion and intestinal absorption of hydrophobic nutrients. Bile acids have potent toxic properties (e.g., membrane disruption) and there are a plethora of mechanisms to limit their accumulation in blood and tissues. (PMID: 11316487 , 16037564 , 12576301 , 11907135 ).
Taurochenodeoxycholic acid 3-sulfateHMDB
Taurochenodeoxycholic acid 3-sulphateHMDB
Taurochenodeoxycholic acid 3a-sulfateHMDB
Taurochenodeoxycholic acid 3a-sulphateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC26H45NO9S2
Average Molecular Weight579.767
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight579.253573423
IUPAC Name(1S,2S,5R,7R,9R,10R,11S,14R,15R,16R)-9,16-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyl-14-[(2R)-4-[(2-sulfoethyl)carbamoyl]butan-2-yl]tetracyclo[²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecane-5-sulfonic acid
Traditional Name(1S,2S,5R,7R,9R,10R,11S,14R,15R,16R)-9,16-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyl-14-[(2R)-4-[(2-sulfoethyl)carbamoyl]butan-2-yl]tetracyclo[²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecane-5-sulfonic acid
CAS Registry Number67030-59-5
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as taurinated bile acids and derivatives. These are bile acid derivatives containing a taurine conjugated to the bile acid moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentTaurinated bile acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
  • Taurinated bile acid
  • Dihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Hydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 12-hydroxysteroid
  • Fatty acyl
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty amide
  • Alkanesulfonic acid
  • Sulfonyl
  • Sulfonic acid derivative
  • Sulfonic acid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
StatusExpected but not Quantified
  • Endogenous
  • Food
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Hormones, Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.14 mg/mLALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-1.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)0.31ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area178.3 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity140.71 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability61.32 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023011
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID24850141
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02486
Metagene LinkHMDB02486
PubChem Compound44263374
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. St-Pierre MV, Kullak-Ublick GA, Hagenbuch B, Meier PJ: Transport of bile acids in hepatic and non-hepatic tissues. J Exp Biol. 2001 May;204(Pt 10):1673-86. [11316487 ]
  2. Claudel T, Staels B, Kuipers F: The Farnesoid X receptor: a molecular link between bile acid and lipid and glucose metabolism. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Oct;25(10):2020-30. Epub 2005 Jul 21. [16037564 ]
  3. Chiang JY: Bile acid regulation of hepatic physiology: III. Bile acids and nuclear receptors. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Mar;284(3):G349-56. [12576301 ]
  4. Davis RA, Miyake JH, Hui TY, Spann NJ: Regulation of cholesterol-7alpha-hydroxylase: BAREly missing a SHP. J Lipid Res. 2002 Apr;43(4):533-43. [11907135 ]