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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:57 UTC
Update Date2017-08-16 04:01:37 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0002577
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB02577
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCholic acid glucuronide
DescriptionCholic acid glucuronide is the glucuronidated metabolite of cholic acid, one of the four main acids produced by the liver where it is synthesized from cholesterol. Upon formation, the glucuronide is rapidly and effectively cleared from the circulation and excreted via urine. (PMID:4020296 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
7,12-Dihydroxy-3-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyluronate)-5beta-cholan-24-OateHMDB
7,12-Dihydroxy-3-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyluronate)-5beta-cholan-24-Oic acidHMDB
7,12-Dihydroxy-3-O-(beta-delta-glucopyranosyluronate)-5beta-cholan-24-OateHMDB
7,12-Dihydroxy-3-O-(beta-delta-glucopyranosyluronate)-5beta-cholan-24-Oic acidHMDB
Cholate glucuronideHMDB
Cholic acid 3-O-glucuronideHMDB
7,12-Dihydroxy-3-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyluronate)-5 beta-cholan-24-OateMeSH
Chemical FormulaC30H48O11
Average Molecular Weight584.6955
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight584.319662378
IUPAC Name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-6-{[(1S,2S,5R,7R,9R,10R,11S,14R,15R,16S)-14-[(2R)-4-carboxybutan-2-yl]-9,16-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-5-yl]oxy}-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Namecholate glucuronide
CAS Registry Number76060-22-5
SMILES
[H][C@@]1(CC[C@@]2([H])[C@]3([H])[C@H](O)C[C@]4([H])C[C@@H](CC[C@]4(C)[C@@]3([H])C[C@H](O)[C@]12C)O[C@]1([H])O[C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O)C(O)=O)[C@H](C)CCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C30H48O11/c1-13(4-7-21(33)34)16-5-6-17-22-18(12-20(32)30(16,17)3)29(2)9-8-15(10-14(29)11-19(22)31)40-28-25(37)23(35)24(36)26(41-28)27(38)39/h13-20,22-26,28,31-32,35-37H,4-12H2,1-3H3,(H,33,34)(H,38,39)/t13-,14+,15-,16-,17+,18+,19-,20+,22+,23+,24+,25-,26+,28-,29+,30-/m1/s1
InChI KeyRBLDVEUUCHVWMW-SXYQVCRBSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as steroid glucuronide conjugates. These are sterol lipids containing a glucuronide moiety linked to the steroid skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassSteroidal glycosides
Direct ParentSteroid glucuronide conjugates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Steroid-glucuronide-skeleton
  • Dihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Hydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • 12-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 1-o-glucuronide
  • O-glucuronide
  • Glucuronic acid or derivatives
  • Hexose monosaccharide
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Pyran
  • Oxane
  • Monosaccharide
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Acetal
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Polyol
  • Alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug metabolite
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Waste products
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.46 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.93ALOGPS
logP1.03ChemAxon
logS-3.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.43ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.19ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count7ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area194.21 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity143.07 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability62.58 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
    details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
      details
      Abnormal Concentrations
      Not Available
      Associated Disorders and Diseases
      Disease ReferencesNone
      Associated OMIM IDsNone
      DrugBank IDNot Available
      DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00553
      Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
      Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
      FoodDB IDFDB023026
      KNApSAcK IDNot Available
      Chemspider ID13628368
      KEGG Compound IDNot Available
      BioCyc IDBeta-D-Glucuronides
      BiGG IDNot Available
      Wikipedia LinkNot Available
      NuGOwiki LinkHMDB0002577
      METLIN ID6714
      PubChem Compound21252309
      PDB IDNot Available
      ChEBI IDNot Available
      References
      Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
      Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
      General References
      1. Little JM, Chari MV, Lester R: Excretion of cholate glucuronide. J Lipid Res. 1985 May;26(5):583-92. [PubMed:4020296 ]

      Enzymes

      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme has glucuronidating capacity with steroid substrates such as 5-beta-androstane 3-alpha,17-beta-diol, estradiol, ADT, eugenol and bile acids. Only isoform 1 seems to be active.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B28
      Uniprot ID:
      Q9BY64
      Molecular weight:
      38742.9
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydroxyglucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B4
      Uniprot ID:
      P06133
      Molecular weight:
      60512.035
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A4
      Uniprot ID:
      P22310
      Molecular weight:
      60024.535
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol (in vitro).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B7
      Uniprot ID:
      P16662
      Molecular weight:
      60720.15
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme displays activity toward several classes of xenobiotic substrates, including simple phenolic compounds, 7-hydroxylated coumarins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and certain drugs and their hydroxylated metabolites. It also catalyzes the glucuronidation of endogenous estrogens and androgens.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B15
      Uniprot ID:
      P54855
      Molecular weight:
      61035.815
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Active on odorants and seems to be involved in olfaction; it could help clear lipophilic odorant molecules from the sensory epithelium.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2A1
      Uniprot ID:
      Q9Y4X1
      Molecular weight:
      60771.605
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A1
      Uniprot ID:
      P22309
      Molecular weight:
      59590.91
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A9
      Uniprot ID:
      O60656
      Molecular weight:
      59940.495
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A3
      Uniprot ID:
      P35503
      Molecular weight:
      60337.835
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. The major substrates of this isozyme are eugenol > 4-methylumbelliferone > dihydrotestosterone (DHT) > androstane-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol) > testosterone > androsterone (ADT).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B17
      Uniprot ID:
      O75795
      Molecular weight:
      61094.915
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A6
      Uniprot ID:
      P19224
      Molecular weight:
      60750.215
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A5
      Uniprot ID:
      P35504
      Molecular weight:
      60070.565
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B11
      Uniprot ID:
      O75310
      Molecular weight:
      61037.8
      General function:
      Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
      Specific function:
      Plays an important role in the degradation of dermatan and keratan sulfates.
      Gene Name:
      GUSB
      Uniprot ID:
      P08236
      Molecular weight:
      74731.46
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds (By similarity).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2A3
      Uniprot ID:
      Q6UWM9
      Molecular weight:
      60253.94
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A10
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DT02
      Molecular weight:
      59809.1
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A8
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DSZ6
      Molecular weight:
      59741.0
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A7
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DSZ7
      Molecular weight:
      59818.3