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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:57 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:43 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02579
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGlycochenodeoxycholic acid 3-glucuronide
DescriptionGlycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDC)induced the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) in a dose-dependent manner, which was inhibited by cyclosporin A, alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene and idebenone. GCDC stimulated reactive oxygen species generation and release of cytochrome c and apoptosis-inducing factor, which were significantly inhibited by the antioxidants, cyclosporin A, and tauroursodeoxycholic acid. mitochondrial pathways of cell death are stimulated in human hepatic mitochondria exposed to GCDC consistent with the role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of cholestatic liver injury. (16056106).
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC32H51NO11
Average Molecular Weight625.7474
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight625.346211479
IUPAC Name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-6-{[(1S,2S,5R,7R,9R,10R,11S,15R)-14-[(2R)-4-[(carboxymethyl)carbamoyl]butan-2-yl]-9-hydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-5-yl]oxy}-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-6-{[(1S,2S,5R,7R,9R,10R,11S,15R)-14-[(2R)-4-(carboxymethylcarbamoyl)butan-2-yl]-9-hydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-5-yl]oxy}-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic acid
CAS Registry Number79254-98-1
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CCC([C@H](C)CCC(=O)NCC(O)=O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])[C@H](O)C[C@]2([H])C[C@@H](CC[C@]12C)O[C@@H]1O[C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C32H51NO11/c1-15(4-7-22(35)33-14-23(36)37)18-5-6-19-24-20(9-11-32(18,19)3)31(2)10-8-17(12-16(31)13-21(24)34)43-30-27(40)25(38)26(39)28(44-30)29(41)42/h15-21,24-28,30,34,38-40H,4-14H2,1-3H3,(H,33,35)(H,36,37)(H,41,42)/t15-,16+,17-,18?,19+,20+,21-,24+,25+,26+,27-,28+,30-,31+,32-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=ABFZMYIIUREPLL-ZWDGUQLWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as steroid glucuronide conjugates. These are sterol lipids containing a glucuronide moiety linked to the steroid skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassSteroidal glycosides
Direct ParentSteroid glucuronide conjugates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glycinated bile acid
  • Steroid-glucuronide-skeleton
  • Glycinated bile acid skeleton
  • Monohydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Hydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • O-glucuronide
  • 1-o-glucuronide
  • N-acyl-aliphatic-alpha amino acid
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Glucuronic acid or derivatives
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • N-substituted-alpha-amino acid
  • Pyran carboxylic acid
  • Pyran carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Pyran
  • Oxane
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Monosaccharide
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Fatty amide
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • Carboxamide group
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Waste products
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.072 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.48ALOGPS
logP1.16ChemAxon
logS-3.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.29ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.61ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count7ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area203.08 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity154.36 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability67.52 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023027
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC03033
BioCyc IDBeta-D-Glucuronides
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02579
Metagene LinkHMDB02579
METLIN ID6715
PubChem Compound53477753
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Goto J: [Chromatographic determination of bile acids in biological fluids with sensitive and selective detection] Yakugaku Zasshi. 1990 Nov;110(11):807-21. [2082011 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme has glucuronidating capacity with steroid substrates such as 5-beta-androstane 3-alpha,17-beta-diol, estradiol, ADT, eugenol and bile acids. Only isoform 1 seems to be active.
Gene Name:
UGT2B28
Uniprot ID:
Q9BY64
Molecular weight:
38742.9
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydroxyglucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid.
Gene Name:
UGT2B4
Uniprot ID:
P06133
Molecular weight:
60512.035
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate.
Gene Name:
UGT1A4
Uniprot ID:
P22310
Molecular weight:
60024.535
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol (in vitro).
Gene Name:
UGT2B7
Uniprot ID:
P16662
Molecular weight:
60720.15
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme displays activity toward several classes of xenobiotic substrates, including simple phenolic compounds, 7-hydroxylated coumarins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and certain drugs and their hydroxylated metabolites. It also catalyzes the glucuronidation of endogenous estrogens and androgens.
Gene Name:
UGT2B15
Uniprot ID:
P54855
Molecular weight:
61035.815
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Active on odorants and seems to be involved in olfaction; it could help clear lipophilic odorant molecules from the sensory epithelium.
Gene Name:
UGT2A1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y4X1
Molecular weight:
60771.605
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
Gene Name:
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P22309
Molecular weight:
59590.91
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
Gene Name:
UGT1A9
Uniprot ID:
O60656
Molecular weight:
59940.495
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT1A3
Uniprot ID:
P35503
Molecular weight:
60337.835
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. The major substrates of this isozyme are eugenol > 4-methylumbelliferone > dihydrotestosterone (DHT) > androstane-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol) > testosterone > androsterone (ADT).
Gene Name:
UGT2B17
Uniprot ID:
O75795
Molecular weight:
61094.915
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
Gene Name:
UGT1A6
Uniprot ID:
P19224
Molecular weight:
60750.215
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT1A5
Uniprot ID:
P35504
Molecular weight:
60070.565
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
Gene Name:
UGT2B11
Uniprot ID:
O75310
Molecular weight:
61037.8
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
Specific function:
Plays an important role in the degradation of dermatan and keratan sulfates.
Gene Name:
GUSB
Uniprot ID:
P08236
Molecular weight:
74731.46
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds (By similarity).
Gene Name:
UGT2A3
Uniprot ID:
Q6UWM9
Molecular weight:
60253.94
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
UGT1A10
Uniprot ID:
Q5DT02
Molecular weight:
59809.1
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
UGT1A8
Uniprot ID:
Q5DSZ6
Molecular weight:
59741.0
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
UGT1A7
Uniprot ID:
Q5DSZ7
Molecular weight:
59818.3