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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:57 UTC
Update Date2017-08-16 04:01:39 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0002579
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB02579
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGlycochenodeoxycholic acid 3-glucuronide
DescriptionGlycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDC)induced the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) in a dose-dependent manner, which was inhibited by cyclosporin A, alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene and idebenone. GCDC stimulated reactive oxygen species generation and release of cytochrome c and apoptosis-inducing factor, which were significantly inhibited by the antioxidants, cyclosporin A, and tauroursodeoxycholic acid. mitochondrial pathways of cell death are stimulated in human hepatic mitochondria exposed to GCDC consistent with the role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of cholestatic liver injury. (16056106).
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC32H51NO11
Average Molecular Weight625.7474
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight625.346211479
IUPAC Name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-6-{[(1S,2S,5R,7R,9R,10R,11S,15R)-14-[(2R)-4-[(carboxymethyl)carbamoyl]butan-2-yl]-9-hydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-5-yl]oxy}-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-6-{[(1S,2S,5R,7R,9R,10R,11S,15R)-14-[(2R)-4-(carboxymethylcarbamoyl)butan-2-yl]-9-hydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-5-yl]oxy}-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic acid
CAS Registry Number79254-98-1
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CCC([C@H](C)CCC(=O)NCC(O)=O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])[C@H](O)C[C@]2([H])C[C@@H](CC[C@]12C)O[C@@H]1O[C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C32H51NO11/c1-15(4-7-22(35)33-14-23(36)37)18-5-6-19-24-20(9-11-32(18,19)3)31(2)10-8-17(12-16(31)13-21(24)34)43-30-27(40)25(38)26(39)28(44-30)29(41)42/h15-21,24-28,30,34,38-40H,4-14H2,1-3H3,(H,33,35)(H,36,37)(H,41,42)/t15-,16+,17-,18?,19+,20+,21-,24+,25+,26+,27-,28+,30-,31+,32-/m1/s1
InChI KeyABFZMYIIUREPLL-ZWDGUQLWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as steroid glucuronide conjugates. These are sterol lipids containing a glucuronide moiety linked to the steroid skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassSteroidal glycosides
Direct ParentSteroid glucuronide conjugates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glycinated bile acid
  • Steroid-glucuronide-skeleton
  • Monohydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Hydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • O-glucuronide
  • 1-o-glucuronide
  • Glucuronic acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • Hexose monosaccharide
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Fatty amide
  • Fatty acyl
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Pyran
  • Oxane
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Acetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Waste products
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.072 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.48ALOGPS
logP1.16ChemAxon
logS-3.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.29ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.61ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count7ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area203.08 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity154.36 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability67.52 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
    details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
      details
      Abnormal Concentrations
      Not Available
      Associated Disorders and Diseases
      Disease ReferencesNone
      Associated OMIM IDsNone
      DrugBank IDNot Available
      DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
      Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
      Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
      FoodDB IDFDB023027
      KNApSAcK IDNot Available
      Chemspider IDNot Available
      KEGG Compound IDC03033
      BioCyc IDBeta-D-Glucuronides
      BiGG IDNot Available
      Wikipedia LinkNot Available
      NuGOwiki LinkHMDB0002579
      METLIN ID6715
      PubChem Compound53477753
      PDB IDNot Available
      ChEBI IDNot Available
      References
      Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
      Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
      General References
      1. Goto J: [Chromatographic determination of bile acids in biological fluids with sensitive and selective detection]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 1990 Nov;110(11):807-21. [PubMed:2082011 ]

      Enzymes

      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme has glucuronidating capacity with steroid substrates such as 5-beta-androstane 3-alpha,17-beta-diol, estradiol, ADT, eugenol and bile acids. Only isoform 1 seems to be active.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B28
      Uniprot ID:
      Q9BY64
      Molecular weight:
      38742.9
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydroxyglucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B4
      Uniprot ID:
      P06133
      Molecular weight:
      60512.035
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A4
      Uniprot ID:
      P22310
      Molecular weight:
      60024.535
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol (in vitro).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B7
      Uniprot ID:
      P16662
      Molecular weight:
      60720.15
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme displays activity toward several classes of xenobiotic substrates, including simple phenolic compounds, 7-hydroxylated coumarins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and certain drugs and their hydroxylated metabolites. It also catalyzes the glucuronidation of endogenous estrogens and androgens.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B15
      Uniprot ID:
      P54855
      Molecular weight:
      61035.815
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Active on odorants and seems to be involved in olfaction; it could help clear lipophilic odorant molecules from the sensory epithelium.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2A1
      Uniprot ID:
      Q9Y4X1
      Molecular weight:
      60771.605
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A1
      Uniprot ID:
      P22309
      Molecular weight:
      59590.91
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A9
      Uniprot ID:
      O60656
      Molecular weight:
      59940.495
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A3
      Uniprot ID:
      P35503
      Molecular weight:
      60337.835
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. The major substrates of this isozyme are eugenol > 4-methylumbelliferone > dihydrotestosterone (DHT) > androstane-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol) > testosterone > androsterone (ADT).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B17
      Uniprot ID:
      O75795
      Molecular weight:
      61094.915
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A6
      Uniprot ID:
      P19224
      Molecular weight:
      60750.215
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A5
      Uniprot ID:
      P35504
      Molecular weight:
      60070.565
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B11
      Uniprot ID:
      O75310
      Molecular weight:
      61037.8
      General function:
      Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
      Specific function:
      Plays an important role in the degradation of dermatan and keratan sulfates.
      Gene Name:
      GUSB
      Uniprot ID:
      P08236
      Molecular weight:
      74731.46
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds (By similarity).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2A3
      Uniprot ID:
      Q6UWM9
      Molecular weight:
      60253.94
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A10
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DT02
      Molecular weight:
      59809.1
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A8
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DSZ6
      Molecular weight:
      59741.0
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A7
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DSZ7
      Molecular weight:
      59818.3