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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 15:12:02 UTC
Update Date2016-05-20 16:35:43 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02670
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameNaringenin
DescriptionNaringenin (not to be confused with naringin) is a flavanone that is considered to have a bioactive effect on human health as antioxidant, free radical scavenger, antiinflammatory, carbohydrate metabolism promoter, immunity system modulater. This substance has also been shown to repair DNA. Scientists exposed cells to 80 micomoles of naringenin per liter, for 24 hours, and found that the amount of hydroxyl damage to the DNA was reduced by 24 percent in that very short period of time. Unfortunately, this bioflavonoid is difficult to absorb on oral ingestion. Only 15% of ingested naringenin will get absorbed, in the human gastrointestinal tract, in the best case scenario. A full glass of orange juice will supply about enough naringenin to achieve a concentration of about 0.5 micromoles per liter. But, one has to wonder, if given more time than 24 hours, would lower concentrations have similar effects. Wikipedia.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
4',5,7-TrihydroxyflavanoneKegg
(2S)-NaringeninKegg
(-)-(2S)-NaringeninKegg
(-)-NaringeninHMDB
AsahinaHMDB
NaringenineHMDB
NaringetolHMDB
PelargidanonHMDB
SalipurolHMDB
SalipurpolHMDB
Chemical FormulaC15H12O5
Average Molecular Weight272.2528
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight272.068473494
IUPAC Name(2S)-5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran-4-one
Traditional Namenaringenin
CAS Registry Number480-41-1
SMILES
OC1=CC=C(C=C1)[C@@H]1CC(=O)C2=C(O)C=C(O)C=C2O1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C15H12O5/c16-9-3-1-8(2-4-9)13-7-12(19)15-11(18)5-10(17)6-14(15)20-13/h1-6,13,16-18H,7H2/t13-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=FTVWIRXFELQLPI-ZDUSSCGKSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as flavanones. These are compounds containing a flavan-3-one moiety, with a structure characterized by a 2-phenyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran bearing a ketone at the carbon C3.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassFlavonoids
Sub ClassFlavans
Direct ParentFlavanones
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Hydroxyflavonoid
  • Flavanone
  • 7-hydroxyflavonoid
  • 5-hydroxyflavonoid
  • 4'-hydroxyflavonoid
  • Chromone
  • 1-benzopyran
  • Benzopyran
  • Chromane
  • Aryl alkyl ketone
  • Aryl ketone
  • Resorcinol
  • Phenol
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Vinylogous acid
  • Ketone
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Ether
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Plant
Biofunction
  • anti-allergic
  • anti-inflammatory
  • anti-proliferative
  • pro-oxidant
Application
  • Nutrient
Cellular locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point251 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP2.52PERRISSOUD,D & TESTA,B (1986)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.21 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.47ALOGPS
logP2.84ChemAxon
logS-3.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)7.91ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area86.99 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity71.29 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability27.31 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)splash10-00fs-1951400000-0e93ea96a72cb2a5a868View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)splash10-0a4r-2961300000-725a9d843a4286e86b06View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-00di-0190000000-ba73aef4d7cf20a2777dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-066r-3900000000-98ba56d82461a2dc7f6fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-02t9-9600000000-005d5eb55c1f6f3b893dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) 5V, Positivesplash10-00di-0090000000-87dba9fe511299bf27e8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) 5V, Positivesplash10-00di-0090000000-52282430f89f3cfd51ffView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-0g4i-1960000000-74e384d175dd4f05938cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-014i-1900000000-702ce5f0315e56bb08a0View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-0udi-2900000000-aeb81b324d8162537df3View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-0fk9-1960000000-b4a541e5476f88624522View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Fibroblasts
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.02 +/- 0.05 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 201
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.273 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.373 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.0065 +/- 0.013 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.032 +/- 0.032 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.019 +/- 0.013 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.019 +/- 0.026 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.0 +/- 0.0065 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.62 +/- 0.82 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.55 +/- 0.20 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound ID201
Phenol Explorer Metabolite ID201
FoodDB IDFDB000678
KNApSAcK IDC00000982
Chemspider ID388383
KEGG Compound IDC00509
BioCyc IDNARINGENIN-CMPD
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNaringenin
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02670
Metagene LinkHMDB02670
METLIN ID3401
PubChem Compound439246
PDB IDNAR
ChEBI ID17846
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Miniscalco A, Lundahl J, Regardh CG, Edgar B, Eriksson UG: Inhibition of dihydropyridine metabolism in rat and human liver microsomes by flavonoids found in grapefruit juice. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1992 Jun;261(3):1195-9. [1602384 ]
  2. Walker D, Flinois JP, Monkman SC, Beloc C, Boddy AV, Cholerton S, Daly AK, Lind MJ, Pearson AD, Beaune PH, et al.: Identification of the major human hepatic cytochrome P450 involved in activation and N-dechloroethylation of ifosfamide. Biochem Pharmacol. 1994 Mar 29;47(7):1157-63. [8161344 ]
  3. Ameer B, Weintraub RA, Johnson JV, Yost RA, Rouseff RL: Flavanone absorption after naringin, hesperidin, and citrus administration. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1996 Jul;60(1):34-40. [8689809 ]
  4. Kanaze FI, Kokkalou E, Georgarakis M, Niopas I: Validated high-performance liquid chromatographic method utilizing solid-phase extraction for the simultaneous determination of naringenin and hesperetin in human plasma. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2004 Mar 5;801(2):363-7. [14751808 ]
  5. Guengerich FP, Kim DH: In vitro inhibition of dihydropyridine oxidation and aflatoxin B1 activation in human liver microsomes by naringenin and other flavonoids. Carcinogenesis. 1990 Dec;11(12):2275-9. [2265479 ]
  6. Ishii K, Furuta T, Kasuya Y: Determination of naringin and naringenin in human plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl. 1996 Aug 30;683(2):225-9. [8891919 ]
  7. Matsuo M, Sasaki N, Saga K, Kaneko T: Cytotoxicity of flavonoids toward cultured normal human cells. Biol Pharm Bull. 2005 Feb;28(2):253-9. [15684479 ]
  8. Franke AA, Cooney RV, Henning SM, Custer LJ: Bioavailability and antioxidant effects of orange juice components in humans. J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Jun 29;53(13):5170-8. [15969493 ]
  9. Fuhr U, Kummert AL: The fate of naringin in humans: a key to grapefruit juice-drug interactions? Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1995 Oct;58(4):365-73. [7586927 ]
  10. Lin YT, Hsiu SL, Hou YC, Chen HY, Chao PD: Degradation of flavonoid aglycones by rabbit, rat and human fecal flora. Biol Pharm Bull. 2003 May;26(5):747-51. [12736527 ]
  11. Malaveille C, Hautefeuille A, Pignatelli B, Talaska G, Vineis P, Bartsch H: Dietary phenolics as anti-mutagens and inhibitors of tobacco-related DNA adduction in the urothelium of smokers. Carcinogenesis. 1996 Oct;17(10):2193-200. [8895488 ]