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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 15:12:08 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:47 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB02752
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameProstaglandin A2
DescriptionProduced by the seminal vessicals: Prostaglandins are a group of lipid compounds that are derived enzymatically from fattyacids. Technically a hormone, the prostanoid class of fatty acid derivatives is a subclass of eicosanoids. Prostaglandin A is a cyclopentenone and is an endogenous metabolite derived from arachidonic acid. Exhibits potent cellular anti-proliferative activity in vivo and in vitro. Excess PGA2 causes an accumulation in both S and G2/M, and a marked decrease in G1. As well there is an increase in DNA content preceeding the G0/G1 peak (indicative of apoptic body formation) mediated by changes in expression levels of Bax and Bcl-2. Prostaglandins are eicosanoids. The eicosanoids consist of the prostaglandins (PGs), thromboxanes (TXs), leukotrienes (LTs) and lipoxins (LXs). The PGs and TXs are collectively identified as prostanoids. Prostaglandins were originally shown to be synthesized in the prostate gland, thromboxanes from platelets (thrombocytes) and leukotrienes from leukocytes, hence the derivation of their names. All mammalian cells except erythrocytes synthesize eicosanoids. These molecules are extremely potent, able to cause profound physiological effects at very dilute concentrations. All eicosanoids function locally at the site of synthesis, through receptor-mediated G-protein linked signaling pathways.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(+)-Prostaglandin a2HMDB
15(S)-Hydroxy-9-oxo-5-cis-10,13-trans-prostatrienoateHMDB
15(S)-Hydroxy-9-oxo-5-cis-10,13-trans-prostatrienoic acidHMDB
15(S)-Hydroxy-9-oxo-5-cis-10,13-trans-prostenoateHMDB
15(S)-Hydroxy-9-oxo-5-cis-10,13-trans-prostenoic acidHMDB
15(S)-Prostaglandin a2HMDB
15a-Hydroxy-9-oxo-cis-5,10,trans-13-prostatrienecarboxylateHMDB
15a-Hydroxy-9-oxo-cis-5,10,trans-13-prostatrienecarboxylic acidHMDB
15a-Hydroxy-9-oxo-cis-5,10,trans-13-prostatrienoateHMDB
15a-Hydroxy-9-oxo-cis-5,10,trans-13-prostatrienoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC20H30O4
Average Molecular Weight334.4498
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight334.214409448
IUPAC Name(5E)-7-{2-[(1E,3S)-3-hydroxyoct-1-en-1-yl]-5-oxocyclopent-3-en-1-yl}hept-5-enoic acid
Traditional Name(+)-prostaglandin A2
CAS Registry Number13345-50-1
SMILES
CCCCC[C@H](O)\C=C\C1C=CC(=O)C1C\C=C\CCCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C20H30O4/c1-2-3-6-9-17(21)14-12-16-13-15-19(22)18(16)10-7-4-5-8-11-20(23)24/h4,7,12-18,21H,2-3,5-6,8-11H2,1H3,(H,23,24)/b7-4+,14-12+/t16?,17-,18?/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=MYHXHCUNDDAEOZ-BMVCOECRSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as prostaglandins and related compounds. These are unsaturated carboxylic acids consisting of a 20 carbon skeleton that also contains a five member ring, and are based upon the fatty acid arachidonic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassEicosanoids
Direct ParentProstaglandins and related compounds
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Prostaglandin skeleton
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Carbocyclic fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.021 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.08ALOGPS
logP4.38ChemAxon
logS-4.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.4ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.6 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity99.09 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability38.93 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Acetaminophen Action PathwaySMP00710Not Available
Acetylsalicylic Acid PathwaySMP00083Not Available
Antipyrine Action PathwaySMP00692Not Available
Antrafenine Action PathwaySMP00693Not Available
Arachidonic Acid MetabolismSMP00075map00590
Bromfenac PathwaySMP00102Not Available
Carprofen Action PathwaySMP00694Not Available
Celecoxib PathwaySMP00096Not Available
Diclofenac PathwaySMP00093Not Available
Diflunisal PathwaySMP00289Not Available
Etodolac PathwaySMP00084Not Available
Etoricoxib Action PathwaySMP00695Not Available
Fenoprofen Action PathwaySMP00696Not Available
Flurbiprofen Action PathwaySMP00697Not Available
Ibuprofen PathwaySMP00086Not Available
Indomethacin PathwaySMP00104Not Available
Ketoprofen PathwaySMP00085Not Available
Ketorolac PathwaySMP00098Not Available
Leukotriene C4 Synthesis DeficiencySMP00353Not Available
Lornoxicam Action PathwaySMP00700Not Available
Lumiracoxib Action PathwaySMP00699Not Available
Magnesium salicylate Action PathwaySMP00698Not Available
Mefanamic Acid PathwaySMP00109Not Available
Meloxicam PathwaySMP00106Not Available
Nabumetone PathwaySMP00114Not Available
Naproxen PathwaySMP00120Not Available
Nepafenac Action PathwaySMP00702Not Available
Oxaprozin PathwaySMP00113Not Available
Phenylbutazone Action PathwaySMP00701Not Available
Piroxicam PathwaySMP00077Not Available
Rofecoxib PathwaySMP00087Not Available
Salicylate-sodium Action PathwaySMP00708Not Available
Salicylic Acid Action PathwaySMP00709Not Available
Salsalate Action PathwaySMP00707Not Available
Sulindac PathwaySMP00094Not Available
Suprofen PathwaySMP00101Not Available
Tenoxicam Action PathwaySMP00706Not Available
Tiaprofenic Acid Action PathwaySMP00705Not Available
Tolmetin Action PathwaySMP00704Not Available
Trisalicylate-choline Action PathwaySMP00703Not Available
Valdecoxib PathwaySMP00116Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0000448 +/- 0.000496 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0010 +/- 0.0002 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.000167 +/- 0.000401 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0019 +/- 0.0004 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0027 +/- 0.0008 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0000747 +/- 0.000254 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0008 +/- 0.0002 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023060
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID17216212
KEGG Compound IDC05953
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB02752
Metagene LinkHMDB02752
METLIN ID3465
PubChem Compound22833602
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceGrieco, Paul A.; Abood, Norman. Facile retro Diels-Alder reaction of a pentamethyltricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]decenone derivative: synthesis of (+)-15(S)-prostaglandin A2. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications (1990), (5), 410-12.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General ReferencesNot Available