You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 15:12:30 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:05:59 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB03072
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameQuinic acid
DescriptionQuinic acid is a sugar acid. It is also a cyclitol, a cyclic polyol. More specifically, quinic acid is a crystalline acid obtained from cinchona bark, coffee beans, tobacco leaves, carrot leaves, apples, peaches, pears, plums, vegetables etc. Quinic acid can also be made synthetically by hydrolysis of chlorogenic acid. Quinic acid is implicated in the perceived acidity of coffee.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(-)-QuinateHMDB
(-)-Quinic acidHMDB
ChinateHMDB
Chinic acidHMDB
D-Quinic acidHMDB
KinateHMDB
Kinic acidHMDB
L-QuinateHMDB
L-Quinic acidHMDB
N-(2-Phenylethyl)-acetamideHMDB
N-AcetylphenylethylamineHMDB
QuinateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC7H12O6
Average Molecular Weight192.1666
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight192.063388116
IUPAC Name(1R,3R,4S)-1,3,4,5-tetrahydroxycyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid
Traditional Name(1R,3R,4S)-1,3,4,5-tetrahydroxycyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid
CAS Registry Number77-95-2
SMILES
OC1C[C@@](O)(C[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C7H12O6/c8-3-1-7(13,6(11)12)2-4(9)5(3)10/h3-5,8-10,13H,1-2H2,(H,11,12)/t3-,4?,5-,7+/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=AAWZDTNXLSGCEK-RKGSPJAZSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as quinic acids and derivatives. These are compounds containing a quinic acid moiety (or a derivative thereof), whis is a cyclitol made up of a cyclohexane ring that bears four hydroxyl groups at positions 1,3.4, and 5, as well as a carboxylic acid at position 1.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassAlcohols and polyols
Sub ClassCyclic alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentQuinic acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Quinic acid
  • Cyclohexanol
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Plant
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point162.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility290 mg/mL at 9 °CNot Available
LogP1.19RADZICKA,A & WOLFENDEN,R (1988)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility765.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-2.5ALOGPS
logP-2.7ChemAxon
logS0.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.46ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area118.22 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity39.71 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability17.17 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Saliva
Tissue Location
  • Spleen
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableInfant (0-1 year old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.5 (0.0-1.0) uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Prostate Cancer
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Prostate cancer
  1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. [19212411 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB001170
KNApSAcK IDC00001201
Chemspider ID16498843
KEGG Compound IDC06746
BioCyc IDDEHYDROQUINATE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkQuinic acid
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB03072
Metagene LinkHMDB03072
METLIN ID3329
PubChem CompoundNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17521
References
Synthesis ReferenceNagai, Naoshi; Kuboyama, Hisaharu; Enya, Masahiro. Method for preparation of quinic acid and its esters. Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho (2000), 7 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Wittemer SM, Ploch M, Windeck T, Muller SC, Drewelow B, Derendorf H, Veit M: Bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of caffeoylquinic acids and flavonoids after oral administration of Artichoke leaf extracts in humans. Phytomedicine. 2005 Jan;12(1-2):28-38. [15693705 ]
  2. Akesson C, Lindgren H, Pero RW, Leanderson T, Ivars F: Quinic acid is a biologically active component of the Uncaria tomentosa extract C-Med 100. Int Immunopharmacol. 2005 Jan;5(1):219-29. [15589483 ]