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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 15:12:45 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:06:08 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB03259
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB12460
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDihydrocortisol
DescriptionDihydrocortisol is the product of the enzyme Steroid 5-beta-reductase [EC 1.3.1.3], which catalyzes the reduction of progesterone, androstenedione, 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, testosterone, aldosterone, corticosterone and cortisol to 5-beta-reduced metabolites. A deficiency in this enzyme is associated with congenital defect in bile acid synthesis. (OMIM 235555 ). Dihydrocortisol is the substrate of the enzyme 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase[EC:1.1.1.225 1.1.1.213 1.3.1.20 1.1.1.50], and is an iintermediate in the Bile acid biosynthesis, C21-Steroid hormone metabolism, Androgen and estrogen metabolism, and in the Metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450. (KEGG).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
5beta-Pregnane-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-3,20-dioneKegg
5b-Pregnane-11b,17a,21-triol-3,20-dioneGenerator
5β-pregnane-11β,17α,21-triol-3,20-dioneGenerator
5-beta-DihydrocortisolHMDB
Chemical FormulaC21H32O5
Average Molecular Weight364.4758
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight364.224974134
IUPAC Name(1S,2S,7R,10S,11S,14R,15S,17S)-14,17-dihydroxy-14-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-5-one
Traditional Namedihydrocortisol
CAS Registry Number1482-50-4
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@](O)(C(=O)CO)[C@@]1(C)C[C@H](O)[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC[C@]2([H])CC(=O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H32O5/c1-19-7-5-13(23)9-12(19)3-4-14-15-6-8-21(26,17(25)11-22)20(15,2)10-16(24)18(14)19/h12,14-16,18,22,24,26H,3-11H2,1-2H3/t12-,14+,15+,16+,18-,19+,20+,21+/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=ACSFOIGNUQUIGE-AIPUTVCKSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 21-hydroxysteroids. These are steroids carrying a hydroxyl group at the 21-position of the steroid backbone.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassHydroxysteroids
Direct Parent21-hydroxysteroids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 21-hydroxysteroid
  • Progestogin-skeleton
  • Pregnane-skeleton
  • 20-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxo-5-beta-steroid
  • 17-hydroxysteroid
  • 11-hydroxysteroid
  • 11-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • 3-oxosteroid
  • Cyclohexanone
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
  • C21 steroids (gluco/mineralocorticoids, progestogins) and derivatives (LMST02030204 )
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.22 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.8ALOGPS
logP1.32ChemAxon
logS-3.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.58ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area94.83 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity96.57 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability40.1 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP11B1)SMP00575Not Available
17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP17)SMP00566Not Available
21-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP21)SMP00576Not Available
3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase DeficiencySMP00718Not Available
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 3 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00373Not Available
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 5 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 17 Alpha-hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00372Not Available
Apparent mineralocorticoid excess syndromeSMP00717Not Available
Congenital Lipoid Adrenal Hyperplasia (CLAH) or Lipoid CAHSMP00371Not Available
Corticosterone methyl oxidase I deficiency (CMO I)SMP00577Not Available
Corticosterone methyl oxidase II deficiency - CMO IISMP00578Not Available
SteroidogenesisSMP00130map00140
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023133
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID144508
KEGG Compound IDC05471
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB03259
Metagene LinkHMDB03259
METLIN ID3173
PubChem Compound164838
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Heilmann P, Heide J, Hundertmark S, Schoneshofer M: Administration of glycyrrhetinic acid: significant correlation between serum levels and the cortisol/cortisone-ratio in serum and urine. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 1999;107(6):370-8. [10543414 ]
  2. Rivero-Marabe JJ, Maynar-Marino JI, Garcia-de-Tiedra MP, Galan-Martin AM, Caballero-Loscos MJ, Maynar-Marino M: Determination of natural corticosteroids in urine samples from sportsmen. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2001 Sep 15;761(1):77-84. [11585134 ]
  3. Schoneshofer M, Weber B, Nigam S: Increased urinary excretion of free 20 alpha- and 20 beta-dihydrocortisol in a hypercortisolemic but hypocortisoluric patient with Cushing's disease. Clin Chem. 1983 Feb;29(2):385-9. [6821952 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transformation of the potent androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) into the less active form, 5-alpha-androstan-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol). Also has some 20-alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity. The biotransformation of the pesticide chlordecone (kepone) to its corresponding alcohol leads to increased biliary excretion of the pesticide and concomitant reduction of its neurotoxicity since bile is the major excretory route.
Gene Name:
AKR1C4
Uniprot ID:
P17516
Molecular weight:
37094.57
Reactions
Tetrahydrocortisol + NAD → Dihydrocortisol + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Tetrahydrocortisol + NADP → Dihydrocortisol + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Efficiently catalyzes the reduction of progesterone, androstenedione, 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone and testosterone to 5-beta-reduced metabolites. The bile acid intermediates 7-alpha,12-alpha-dihydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one and 7-alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one can also act as substrates.
Gene Name:
AKR1D1
Uniprot ID:
P51857
Molecular weight:
32889.38
Reactions
Dihydrocortisol + NADP → Hydrocortisone + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails