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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2006-08-12 19:23:56 UTC
Update Date2017-12-07 01:51:48 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0003366
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB03366
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePropanal
DescriptionIn organic chemistry, propanal or propionaldehyde is the aldehyde of the 3 carbon propyl group. It has a chemical formula of CH3CH2CHO, and is a structural isomer of propanone. At room temperature, it is a colourless liquid with a slightly irritating, fruity odour.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-PropanalChEBI
Aldehyde propioniqueChEBI
C2H5CHOChEBI
MethylacetaldehydeChEBI
N-PropanalChEBI
N-PropionaldehydeChEBI
PropaldehydeChEBI
PropanaldehydeChEBI
PropionalChEBI
PropionaldehydeChEBI
Propionic aldehydeChEBI
Propyl aldehydeChEBI
PropylaldehydeChEBI
Propylic aldehydeChEBI
1-PropanoneHMDB
PropanalaldehydeHMDB
ProprionaldehydeHMDB
Propionaldehyde, 1-14C-labeledMeSH
Propionaldehyde, 2-14C-labeledMeSH
Chemical FormulaC3H6O
Average Molecular Weight58.0791
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight58.041864814
IUPAC Namepropanal
Traditional Namepropionaldehyde
CAS Registry Number123-38-6
SMILES
CCC=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H6O/c1-2-3-4/h3H,2H2,1H3
InChI KeyNBBJYMSMWIIQGU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha-hydrogen aldehydes. These are aldehydes with the general formula HC(H)(R)C(=O)H, where R is an organyl group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbonyl compounds
Direct ParentAlpha-hydrogen aldehydes
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-hydrogen aldehyde
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Short-chain aldehyde
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Biofluid and excreta:

Source:

Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-80 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility306 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogP0.59HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility146 g/LALOGPS
logP0.31ALOGPS
logP0.32ChemAxon
logS0.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)15.09ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity16.35 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability6.36 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-057i-9000000000-8f67579ff6f9ff36070fView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-056r-9000000000-dd28a1a5691e42b98944View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-9000000000-addcd7ef3249da0c3006View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-052f-9000000000-b7cab81070aff00497c6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4l-9000000000-e9e60e8897ba5a8e14eeView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-6M) , Positivesplash10-057i-9000000000-52017f5345efcb7c9e18View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-971c212b11d2cbddac7dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4l-9000000000-86839cd4133b824334acView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-2bde2476aa46442e7250View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-4a423491df240f1b6594View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-bcb4e63c226b3b43a90dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052o-9000000000-b8b5099c348f5e885f6eView in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-056r-9000000000-666a0ffacd21addbc612View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Feces
  • Saliva
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified0.17 - 0.69 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Newborn (0-30 days old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Campylobacter jejuni infection
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Clostridium difficile infection
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative Colitis
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothCrohns disease details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothUlcerative colitis details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative colitis
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Crohn's disease
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Crohn's disease
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012083
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID512
KEGG Compound IDC00479
BioCyc ID2-METHYLPROPANAL-OXIME
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkPropanal
METLIN ID6906
PubChem Compound527
PDB IDCBG
ChEBI ID17153
References
Synthesis ReferenceWang, Yan-bin; Yao, Xiao-ming. Development of the process of making propanal from natural gas and light oil. Tianranqi Huagong (2003), 28(1), 8-10,14.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Sakura N, Nishimura S, Fujita N, Namera A, Yashiki M, Kojima T: Determination of acrolein in human urine by headspace gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 1998 Nov 20;719(1-2):209-12. [PubMed:9869381 ]
  2. Takamoto S, Sakura N, Yashiki M, Kojima T: Determination of acrolein by headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2001 Jul 5;758(1):123-8. [PubMed:11482731 ]
  3. Nakashima K, Hidaka Y, Yoshida T, Kuroda N, Akiyama S: High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of short-chain aliphatic aldehydes using 4-(N,N-dimethylaminosulphonyl)-7-hydrazino-2,1, 3-benzoxadiazole as a fluorescence reagent. J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl. 1994 Nov 18;661(2):205-10. [PubMed:7894659 ]
  4. Holley AE, Walker MK, Cheeseman KH, Slater TF: Measurement of n-alkanals and hydroxyalkenals in biological samples. Free Radic Biol Med. 1993 Sep;15(3):281-9. [PubMed:8406128 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
NADPH-dependent reductase with broad substrate specificity. Catalyzes the reduction of a wide variety of carbonyl compounds including quinones, prostaglandins, menadione, plus various xenobiotics. Catalyzes the reduction of the antitumor anthracyclines doxorubicin and daunorubicin to the cardiotoxic compounds doxorubicinol and daunorubicinol. Can convert prostaglandin E2 to prostaglandin F2-alpha. Can bind glutathione, which explains its higher affinity for glutathione-conjugated substrates. Catalyzes the reduction of S-nitrosoglutathione.
Gene Name:
CBR1
Uniprot ID:
P16152
Molecular weight:
30374.73
Reactions
Propanal → Propyl alcoholdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Recognizes as substrates free retinal and cellular retinol-binding protein-bound retinal. Does metabolize octanal and decanal but does not metabolize citral, benzaldehyde, acetaldehyde and propanal efficiently (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ALDH1A2
Uniprot ID:
O94788
Molecular weight:
54672.24