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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-08-12 21:31:07 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:06:19 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB03464
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB05991
Metabolite Identification
Common Name4-Guanidinobutanoic acid
Description4-Guanidinobutanoate is a normal metabolite present in low concentrations. Patients with hyperargininemia have an arginase deficiency which leads to blockade of the urea cycle in the last step with several clinical symptoms. Owing to the arginase deficiency this patients accumulate arginine which leads eventually to epileptogenic guanidino compounds (PMID 7752905 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
4-GuanidinobutanoateChEBI
4-Guanidinobutyric acidChEBI
gamma-GuanidinobutyrateChEBI
4-Guanidinobutanoic acidGenerator
4-(diaminomethylideneamino)ButanoateGenerator
4-GuanidinobutyrateGenerator
g-GuanidinobutyrateGenerator
g-Guanidinobutyric acidGenerator
gamma-Guanidinobutyric acidGenerator
γ-guanidinobutyrateGenerator
γ-guanidinobutyric acidGenerator
4-(carbamimidamido)ButanoateHMDB
4-(carbamimidamido)Butanoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC5H11N3O2
Average Molecular Weight145.1597
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight145.085126611
IUPAC Name4-[(diaminomethylidene)amino]butanoic acid
Traditional Name4-[(diaminomethylidene)amino]butanoic acid
CAS Registry Number463-00-3
SMILES
NC(N)=NCCCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C5H11N3O2/c6-5(7)8-3-1-2-4(9)10/h1-3H2,(H,9,10)(H4,6,7,8)
InChI KeyInChIKey=TUHVEAJXIMEOSA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as gamma amino acids and derivatives. These are amino acids having a (-NH2) group attached to the gamma carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentGamma amino acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Gamma amino acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty acid
  • Straight chain fatty acid
  • Guanidine
  • Carboximidamide
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Imine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Protein synthesis, amino acid biosynthesis
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility5.13 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.2ALOGPS
logP-2.7ChemAxon
logS-1.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.24ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)12.07ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area101.7 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity35.88 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability14.71 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0002-2900000000-fde97cd959d0a824fb1aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-9000000000-7d6981f3d74ac35fbae3View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-052r-9000000000-566db10c9a42f3463f73View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-0900000000-9133b9248cec58ba4611View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-839146a1223d81fcfe1eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0ue9-7900000000-e5db002aeb9f842883d4View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-000x-9000000000-272ecb5c7a854deaabb6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-dcdfb92af31da28b06e6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0002-0900000000-57afcc249d5db66b3fafView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-000j-9700000000-20d2b0d6d24335aaf532View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-a4bb465c44540f709872View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-00kr-9000000000-2803a79b84b073387a24View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-0007-9000000000-05ad8804b2be6f14b017View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Prostate
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.034 (0.013-0.055) uMAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.21 (0.0-0.43) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified0.0125 (0 - 0.025) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.3 +/- 1.05 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.17 (0.0-0.37) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.05 (0.013-0.09) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothCirrhosis details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.0 +/- 0.8 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothCirrhosis details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Cirrhosis
  1. Marescau B, De Deyn PP, Holvoet J, Possemiers I, Nagels G, Saxena V, Mahler C: Guanidino compounds in serum and urine of cirrhotic patients. Metabolism. 1995 May;44(5):584-8. [7752905 ]
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB002246
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID486
KEGG Compound IDC01035
BioCyc IDCPD-592
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB03464
Metagene LinkHMDB03464
METLIN ID6938
PubChem Compound500
PDB IDALG
ChEBI ID15728
References
Synthesis ReferencePisano, John J.; Mitoma, Chozo; Udenfriend, Sidney. Biosynthesis of g-guanidinobutyric acid from g-aminobutyric acid and arginine. Nature (London, United Kingdom) (1957), 180 1125-6.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. [19212411 ]
  2. Mizutani N, Hayakawa C, Ohya Y, Watanabe K, Watanabe Y, Mori A: Guanidino compounds in hyperargininemia. Tohoku J Exp Med. 1987 Nov;153(3):197-205. [3433275 ]
  3. Marescau B, Qureshi IA, De Deyn P, Letarte J, Ryba R, Lowenthal A: Guanidino compounds in plasma, urine and cerebrospinal fluid of hyperargininemic patients during therapy. Clin Chim Acta. 1985 Feb 28;146(1):21-7. [3987036 ]
  4. Gatti R, Gioia MG: Anisoin: a useful pre-chromatographic derivatization fluorogenic reagent for LC analysis of guanidino compounds. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2006 Sep 11;42(1):11-6. Epub 2006 Feb 3. [16460903 ]
  5. De Deyn PP, Marescau B, Cuykens JJ, Van Gorp L, Lowenthal A, De Potter WP: Guanidino compounds in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of non-dialyzed patients with renal insufficiency. Clin Chim Acta. 1987 Jul 30;167(1):81-8. [3665089 ]
  6. Marescau B, De Deyn PP, Holvoet J, Possemiers I, Nagels G, Saxena V, Mahler C: Guanidino compounds in serum and urine of cirrhotic patients. Metabolism. 1995 May;44(5):584-8. [7752905 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Amino acid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Catalyzes the biosynthesis of guanidinoacetate, the immediate precursor of creatine. Creatine plays a vital role in energy metabolism in muscle tissues. May play a role in embryonic and central nervous system development. May be involved in the response to heart failure by elevating local creatine synthesis.
Gene Name:
GATM
Uniprot ID:
P50440
Molecular weight:
48455.01
Reactions
L-Arginine + Gamma-Aminobutyric acid → Ornithine + 4-Guanidinobutanoic aciddetails