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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-08-13 00:50:12 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:06:23 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB03581
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDethiobiotin
DescriptionDethiobiotin is a synthetic metabolite that mimic the effects of biotin on gene expression and thus have biotin-like activities. In mammals, biotin serves as a coenzyme for carboxylases such as propionyl-CoA carboxylase. (PMID 12730407 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(+)-DethiobiotinChEBI
(4R,5S)-5-Methyl-2-oxo-4-imidazolidinehexanoic acidChEBI
(4R-cis)-5-Methyl-2-oxo-4-imidazolidinehexanoic acidChEBI
D-DethiobiotinChEBI
DesthiobiotinChEBI
Chemical FormulaC10H18N2O3
Average Molecular Weight214.2615
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight214.131742452
IUPAC Name6-[(4R,5S)-5-methyl-2-oxoimidazolidin-4-yl]hexanoic acid
Traditional Name(4R,5S)-dethiobiotin
CAS Registry Number533-48-2
SMILES
C[C@@H]1NC(=O)N[C@@H]1CCCCCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H18N2O3/c1-7-8(12-10(15)11-7)5-3-2-4-6-9(13)14/h7-8H,2-6H2,1H3,(H,13,14)(H2,11,12,15)/t7-,8+/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=AUTOLBMXDDTRRT-JGVFFNPUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 4 and 12 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentMedium-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Heterocyclic fatty acid
  • Amino fatty acid
  • Imidazolidinone
  • Imidazolidine
  • Urea
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Protein synthesis, amino acid biosynthesis
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point157 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.27 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.72ALOGPS
logP0.73ChemAxon
logS-2.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.63ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area78.43 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity54.4 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability23.15 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-0006-3790100000-c94f58473d108e2927a3View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00kb-0920000000-12242f12c8a3476fe52cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-014j-1910000000-bca8247f7dffe184f262View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00kf-9100000000-a1befeec39f013c667ccView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-0490000000-fbb5b60d4417d32465c9View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0006-9520000000-9247557ea0c296d0d2adView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-a9e635f12ade363f1ca8View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023201
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID392787
KEGG Compound IDC01909
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB03581
Metagene LinkHMDB03581
METLIN ID3351
PubChem Compound445027
PDB IDDTB
ChEBI ID42280
References
Synthesis ReferenceKuzuhara, Hiroyoshi; Ohrui, Hiroshi; Emoto, Sakae. Syntheses with azido sugars. II. Conversion of D-glucose to (+)-dethiobiotin. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry (1971), 35(1), 8-17.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Rodriguez-Melendez R, Lewis B, McMahon RJ, Zempleni J: Diaminobiotin and desthiobiotin have biotin-like activities in Jurkat cells. J Nutr. 2003 May;133(5):1259-64. [12730407 ]