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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-08-13 07:53:12 UTC
Update Date2017-12-20 20:29:51 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0003946
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB03946
  • HMDB13082
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA
Description(2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA is an intermediate in fatty acid metabolism, the substrate of the enzymes acyl-CoA oxidase and Oxidoreductases [EC 1.3.3.6-1.3.99.-] and enzymes acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, long-chain-acyl-CoA dehydrogenase [EC 1.3.99.3-1.3.99.13]; (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA is an intermediate in fatty acid elongation in mitochondria, being the substrate of the enzyme trans-2-enoyl-CoA reductase (NADPH) [EC 1.3.1.38]. (KEGG).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2E)-Tetradecenoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
trans-Tetra-dec-2-enoyl-CoAHMDB
trans-Tetra-dec-2-enoyl-coa.HMDB
trans-Tetra-dec-2-enoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
trans-Tetra-dec-2-enoyl-coenzyme A.HMDB
trans-Tetradec-2-enoyl-CoAHMDB
trans-Tetradec-2-enoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC35H60N7O17P3S
Average Molecular Weight975.874
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight975.297923755
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(2E)-tetradec-2-enoylsulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy)phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(2E)-tetradec-2-enoylsulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number38795-33-4
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCC\C=C\C(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C35H60N7O17P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-26(44)63-19-18-37-25(43)16-17-38-33(47)30(46)35(2,3)21-56-62(53,54)59-61(51,52)55-20-24-29(58-60(48,49)50)28(45)34(57-24)42-23-41-27-31(36)39-22-40-32(27)42/h14-15,22-24,28-30,34,45-46H,4-13,16-21H2,1-3H3,(H,37,43)(H,38,47)(H,51,52)(H,53,54)(H2,36,39,40)(H2,48,49,50)/b15-14+/t24-,28-,29-,30?,34-/m1/s1
InChI KeyMBCVYCOKMMMWLX-IKUURZALSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain 2-enoyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to a long-chain 2-enoyl chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentLong-chain 2-enoyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Lipid biosynthesis, Fatty acid transport
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP1.419Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.93 g/LALOGPS
logP1.9ALOGPS
logP-1.2ChemAxon
logS-2.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count31ChemAxon
Refractivity228.54 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability95.68 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1911100102-9fe90f976d8ccb627bc2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0941300000-96ecc5cd249311a23a65View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900101000-5299aaf3e0d09640e9f1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a59-4981342506-3353d98d42fc251c4512View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0560-3920100001-d2d0ca14d239eddc6677View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a7i-6900000000-cc4fffe4739c9c795e52View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Short Chain Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency (SCAD Deficiency)Pw000108Pw000108 greyscalePw000108 simpleNot Available
Trifunctional protein deficiencyPw000521Pw000521 greyscalePw000521 simpleNot Available
Very-long-chain acyl coa dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCAD)Pw000516Pw000516 greyscalePw000516 simpleNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023265
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4444333
KEGG Compound IDC05273
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5280767
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27721
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 114 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Straight-chain enoyl-CoA thioesters from C4 up to at least C16 are processed, although with decreasing catalytic rate.
Gene Name:
ECHS1
Uniprot ID:
P30084
Molecular weight:
31387.085
Reactions
(S)-3-Hydroxytetradecanoyl-CoA → (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the desaturation of acyl-CoAs to 2-trans-enoyl-CoAs. Isoform 1 shows highest activity against medium-chain fatty acyl-CoAs and activity decreases with increasing chain length. Isoform 2 is active against a much broader range of substrates and shows activity towards very long-chain acyl-CoAs. Isoform 2 is twice as active as isoform 1 against 16-hydroxy-palmitoyl-CoA and is 25% more active against 1,16-hexadecanodioyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ACOX1
Uniprot ID:
Q15067
Molecular weight:
70135.205
Reactions
Tetradecanoyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
This enzyme is specific for acyl chain lengths of 4 to 16.
Gene Name:
ACADM
Uniprot ID:
P11310
Molecular weight:
46587.98
Reactions
Tetradecanoyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in regulation of apoptosis
Specific function:
Participates in chain elongation of fatty acids. Has no 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase activity.
Gene Name:
PECR
Uniprot ID:
Q9BY49
Molecular weight:
32544.11
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-CH group of donors
Specific function:
Oxidizes the CoA-esters of 2-methyl-branched fatty acids (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ACOX3
Uniprot ID:
O15254
Molecular weight:
69574.075
Reactions
Tetradecanoyl-CoA + FAD → (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Activation of long-chain fatty acids for both synthesis of cellular lipids, and degradation via beta-oxidation. Plays an important role in fatty acid metabolism in brain and the acyl-CoAs produced may be utilized exclusively for the synthesis of the brain lipid.
Gene Name:
ACSL6
Uniprot ID:
Q9UKU0
Molecular weight:
80609.765
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Oxidizes the CoA esters of the bile acid intermediates di- and tri-hydroxycholestanoic acids.
Gene Name:
ACOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q99424
Molecular weight:
76826.14
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q53GC8
Molecular weight:
40210.7
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Has medium-chain fatty acid:CoA ligase activity with broad substrate specificity (in vitro). Acts on acids from C(4) to C(11) and on the corresponding 3-hydroxy- and 2,3- or 3,4-unsaturated acids (in vitro) (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ACSM4
Uniprot ID:
P0C7M7
Molecular weight:
65702.225
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Possesses both acyltransferase and acetyltransferase activities. Activity is calcium-independent. Mediates the conversion of 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (LPC) into phosphatidylcholine (PC). Displays a clear preference for saturated fatty acyl-CoAs, and 1-myristoyl or 1-palmitoyl LPC as acyl donors and acceptors, respectively. May synthesize phosphatidylcholine in pulmonary surfactant, thereby playing a pivotal role in respiratory physiology.
Gene Name:
LPCAT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8NF37
Molecular weight:
59150.675

Transporters

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Involved in translocation of long-chain fatty acids (LFCA) across the plasma membrane. The LFCA import appears to be hormone-regulated in a tissue-specific manner. In adipocytes, but not myocytes, insulin induces a rapid translocation of FATP1 from intracellular compartments to the plasma membrane, paralleled by increased LFCA uptake. May act directly as a bona fide transporter, or alternatively, in a cytoplasmic or membrane- associated multimeric protein complex to trap and draw fatty acids towards accumulation. Plays a pivotal role in regulating available LFCA substrates from exogenous sources in tissues undergoing high levels of beta-oxidation or triglyceride synthesis. May be involved in regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Has acyl-CoA ligase activity for long-chain and very-long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
SLC27A1
Uniprot ID:
Q6PCB7
Molecular weight:
71107.5

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 114 proteins in total.