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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-08-13 07:54:32 UTC
Update Date2017-12-20 20:29:51 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0003948
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB03948
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(2E)-Decenoyl-CoA
Description(2E)-Decenoyl-CoA is a beta-oxidation intermediate, the substrate of the enzyme peroxisomal acyl-CoA thioesterase 2 (PTE-2, 3.1.2.2), which is localized in the peroxisome. The peroxisomal beta-oxidation system contains two sets of enzymes, one of which is involved in the oxidation of branched chain fatty acids and intermediates in the hepatic bile acid biosynthetic pathway and consists of one or two branched-chain acyl-CoA oxidase(s), a D-specific bifunctional protein and the sterol carrier-like protein x (SCPx). Peroxisomes are cellular organelles present in all eukaryotic cells. They play an indispensable role in the metabolism of a variety of lipids including very long-chain fatty acids, dicarboxylic fatty acids, bile acids, prostaglandins, leukotrienes, thromboxanes, pristanic acid, and xenobiotic fatty acids. (PMID: 11673457 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(e)-S-2-DecenoateHMDB
(e)-S-2-Decenoate CoAHMDB
(e)-S-2-Decenoate coenzyme AHMDB
(e)-S-2-Decenoic acidHMDB
2-trans-Decenoyl-CoAHMDB
2-trans-Decenoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
S-(2E)-2-DecenoateHMDB
S-(2E)-2-Decenoate CoAHMDB
S-(2E)-2-Decenoate coenzyme AHMDB
S-(2E)-2-Decenoic acidHMDB
trans-2-Decenoylcoenzyme AHMDB
trans-D2,3-Decenoyl-CoAHMDB
trans-D2,3-Decenoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
trans-Dec-2-enoyl-CoAHMDB
trans-Dec-2-enoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC31H52N7O17P3S
Average Molecular Weight919.768
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight919.235323499
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-2-{[({[(3-{[2-({2-[(2E)-dec-2-enoylsulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylpropoxy)(hydroxy)phosphoryl]oxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]methyl}-4-hydroxyoxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-2-({[(3-{[2-({2-[(2E)-dec-2-enoylsulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylpropoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)-4-hydroxyoxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number10018-95-8
SMILES
CCCCCCC\C=C\C(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C12
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C31H52N7O17P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-22(40)59-15-14-33-21(39)12-13-34-29(43)26(42)31(2,3)17-52-58(49,50)55-57(47,48)51-16-20-25(54-56(44,45)46)24(41)30(53-20)38-19-37-23-27(32)35-18-36-28(23)38/h10-11,18-20,24-26,30,41-42H,4-9,12-17H2,1-3H3,(H,33,39)(H,34,43)(H,47,48)(H,49,50)(H2,32,35,36)(H2,44,45,46)/b11-10+/t20-,24-,25-,26?,30-/m1/s1
InChI KeyMGNBGCRQQFMNBM-VHTAIFHGSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as medium-chain 2-enoyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to a medium-chain 2-enoyl chain of 5 to 12 carbon atoms.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassFatty Acyls
Direct ParentMedium-chain 2-enoyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Fatty amide
  • Imidolactam
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Pyrimidine
  • Oxolane
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

  Biofluid and excreta:

  Cell and elements:

Source:

  Biological:

    Animal:

Route of exposure:

  Enteral:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Cellular process:

    Biochemical process:

    Chemical reaction:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP-0.381Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.71 g/LALOGPS
logP0.92ALOGPS
logP-2.9ChemAxon
logS-2.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count27ChemAxon
Refractivity210.14 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability87.08 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1911101102-d7c5b2f21ab6de6c61a5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0940200000-818ed4496f38cd7d6a74View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1910001000-c714a78ef8b78dd3a10aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0lgi-2911030303-9132d7ddb990defb4306View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-003r-2910010000-1700c7e9cc7f78c834b5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-20950b9a12bc4a9a836cView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency (I)Pw000514Pw000514 greyscalePw000514 simpleNot Available
Carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency (II)Pw000517Pw000517 greyscalePw000517 simpleNot Available
Ethylmalonic EncephalopathyPw000106Pw000106 greyscalePw000106 simpleNot Available
Fatty Acid Elongation In MitochondriaPw000022Pw000022 greyscalePw000022 simpleMap00062
Fatty acid MetabolismPw000023Pw000023 greyscalePw000023 simpleMap00071
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023267
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4444334
KEGG Compound IDC05275
BioCyc IDT2-DECENOYL-COA
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5280768
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID10723
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Hunt MC, Solaas K, Kase BF, Alexson SE: Characterization of an acyl-coA thioesterase that functions as a major regulator of peroxisomal lipid metabolism. J Biol Chem. 2002 Jan 11;277(2):1128-38. Epub 2001 Oct 22. [PubMed:11673457 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 114 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Straight-chain enoyl-CoA thioesters from C4 up to at least C16 are processed, although with decreasing catalytic rate.
Gene Name:
ECHS1
Uniprot ID:
P30084
Molecular weight:
31387.085
Reactions
(S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA → (2E)-Decenoyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the desaturation of acyl-CoAs to 2-trans-enoyl-CoAs. Isoform 1 shows highest activity against medium-chain fatty acyl-CoAs and activity decreases with increasing chain length. Isoform 2 is active against a much broader range of substrates and shows activity towards very long-chain acyl-CoAs. Isoform 2 is twice as active as isoform 1 against 16-hydroxy-palmitoyl-CoA and is 25% more active against 1,16-hexadecanodioyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ACOX1
Uniprot ID:
Q15067
Molecular weight:
70135.205
Reactions
Decanoyl-CoA (n-C10:0CoA) + FAD → (2E)-Decenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
This enzyme is specific for acyl chain lengths of 4 to 16.
Gene Name:
ACADM
Uniprot ID:
P11310
Molecular weight:
46587.98
Reactions
Decanoyl-CoA (n-C10:0CoA) + FAD → (2E)-Decenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in regulation of apoptosis
Specific function:
Participates in chain elongation of fatty acids. Has no 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase activity.
Gene Name:
PECR
Uniprot ID:
Q9BY49
Molecular weight:
32544.11
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-CH group of donors
Specific function:
Oxidizes the CoA-esters of 2-methyl-branched fatty acids (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ACOX3
Uniprot ID:
O15254
Molecular weight:
69574.075
Reactions
Decanoyl-CoA (n-C10:0CoA) + FAD → (2E)-Decenoyl-CoA + FADHdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Activation of long-chain fatty acids for both synthesis of cellular lipids, and degradation via beta-oxidation. Plays an important role in fatty acid metabolism in brain and the acyl-CoAs produced may be utilized exclusively for the synthesis of the brain lipid.
Gene Name:
ACSL6
Uniprot ID:
Q9UKU0
Molecular weight:
80609.765
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Oxidizes the CoA esters of the bile acid intermediates di- and tri-hydroxycholestanoic acids.
Gene Name:
ACOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q99424
Molecular weight:
76826.14
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q53GC8
Molecular weight:
40210.7
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Has medium-chain fatty acid:CoA ligase activity with broad substrate specificity (in vitro). Acts on acids from C(4) to C(11) and on the corresponding 3-hydroxy- and 2,3- or 3,4-unsaturated acids (in vitro) (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ACSM4
Uniprot ID:
P0C7M7
Molecular weight:
65702.225
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Possesses both acyltransferase and acetyltransferase activities. Activity is calcium-independent. Mediates the conversion of 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (LPC) into phosphatidylcholine (PC). Displays a clear preference for saturated fatty acyl-CoAs, and 1-myristoyl or 1-palmitoyl LPC as acyl donors and acceptors, respectively. May synthesize phosphatidylcholine in pulmonary surfactant, thereby playing a pivotal role in respiratory physiology.
Gene Name:
LPCAT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8NF37
Molecular weight:
59150.675

Transporters

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Involved in translocation of long-chain fatty acids (LFCA) across the plasma membrane. The LFCA import appears to be hormone-regulated in a tissue-specific manner. In adipocytes, but not myocytes, insulin induces a rapid translocation of FATP1 from intracellular compartments to the plasma membrane, paralleled by increased LFCA uptake. May act directly as a bona fide transporter, or alternatively, in a cytoplasmic or membrane- associated multimeric protein complex to trap and draw fatty acids towards accumulation. Plays a pivotal role in regulating available LFCA substrates from exogenous sources in tissues undergoing high levels of beta-oxidation or triglyceride synthesis. May be involved in regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Has acyl-CoA ligase activity for long-chain and very-long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
SLC27A1
Uniprot ID:
Q6PCB7
Molecular weight:
71107.5

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 114 proteins in total.