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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-08-13 09:27:14 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:06:32 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB04035
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name22b-Hydroxycholesterol
Description22beta-Hydroxycholesterol is a substrate for DCC-interacting protein 13 beta.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(3beta,22R)-Cholest-5-ene-3,22-diolChEBI
22beta-HydroxycholesterolChEBI
22R-HydroxycholesterolChEBI
Cholest-5-en-3beta,22R-diolChEBI
(3b,22R)-Cholest-5-ene-3,22-diolGenerator
(3β,22R)-cholest-5-ene-3,22-diolGenerator
Chemical FormulaC27H46O2
Average Molecular Weight402.6529
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight402.349780716
IUPAC Name(1S,2R,5S,10S,11S,14R,15S)-14-[(2S,3R)-3-hydroxy-6-methylheptan-2-yl]-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-7-en-5-ol
Traditional Name22R-hydroxycholesterol
CAS Registry Number22348-64-7
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@H]([C@H](C)[C@H](O)CCC(C)C)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC=C2C[C@@H](O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H46O2/c1-17(2)6-11-25(29)18(3)22-9-10-23-21-8-7-19-16-20(28)12-14-26(19,4)24(21)13-15-27(22,23)5/h7,17-18,20-25,28-29H,6,8-16H2,1-5H3/t18-,20-,21-,22+,23-,24-,25+,26-,27+/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=RZPAXNJLEKLXNO-GFKLAVDKSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as dihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives. These are compounds containing or derived from a bile acid or alcohol, and which bears exactly two carboxylic acid groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentDihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cholesterol-skeleton
  • Cholesterol
  • Cholestane-skeleton
  • Dihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 22-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • Delta-5-steroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Hormones, Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000653 mg/mLALOGPS
logP5.69ALOGPS
logP5.8ChemAxon
logS-5.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)18.2ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.73ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area40.46 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity122.21 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability50.77 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • Adrenal Cortex
  • Epidermis
  • Fibroblasts
  • Neuron
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP11B1)SMP00575Not Available
17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP17)SMP00566Not Available
21-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP21)SMP00576Not Available
3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase DeficiencySMP00718Not Available
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 3 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00373Not Available
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 5 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 17 Alpha-hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00372Not Available
Apparent mineralocorticoid excess syndromeSMP00717Not Available
Congenital Lipoid Adrenal Hyperplasia (CLAH) or Lipoid CAHSMP00371Not Available
Corticosterone methyl oxidase I deficiency (CMO I)SMP00577Not Available
Corticosterone methyl oxidase II deficiency - CMO IISMP00578Not Available
SteroidogenesisSMP00130map00140
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023285
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID146693
KEGG Compound IDC05502
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB04035
Metagene LinkHMDB04035
METLIN ID7006
PubChem Compound167685
PDB IDHC9
ChEBI ID385115
References
Synthesis ReferenceKoreeda, Masato; Ricca, Daniel J. Chirality transfer in stereoselective synthesis. A highly stereocontrolled synthesis of 22-hydroxylated steroid side chains via the [2,3]-Wittig rearrangement. Journal of Organic Chemistry (1986), 51(21), 4090-2.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Haidar B, Denis M, Marcil M, Krimbou L, Genest J Jr: Apolipoprotein A-I activates cellular cAMP signaling through the ABCA1 transporter. J Biol Chem. 2004 Mar 12;279(11):9963-9. Epub 2003 Dec 29. [14701824 ]
  2. Yao ZX, Brown RC, Teper G, Greeson J, Papadopoulos V: 22R-Hydroxycholesterol protects neuronal cells from beta-amyloid-induced cytotoxicity by binding to beta-amyloid peptide. J Neurochem. 2002 Dec;83(5):1110-9. [12437582 ]
  3. Matsuzaki J, Tsuji T, Imazeki I, Ikeda H, Nishimura T: Immunosteroid as a regulator for Th1/Th2 balance: its possible role in autoimmune diseases. Autoimmunity. 2005 Aug;38(5):369-75. [16227152 ]
  4. Tuckey RC: Cholesterol side-chain cleavage by mitochondria from the human placenta. Studies using hydroxycholesterols as substrates. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 1992 Sep;42(8):883-90. [1525048 ]
  5. Hanley K, Ng DC, He SS, Lau P, Min K, Elias PM, Bikle DD, Mangelsdorf DJ, Williams ML, Feingold KR: Oxysterols induce differentiation in human keratinocytes and increase Ap-1-dependent involucrin transcription. J Invest Dermatol. 2000 Mar;114(3):545-53. [10692116 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the side-chain cleavage reaction of cholesterol to pregnenolone.
Gene Name:
CYP11A1
Uniprot ID:
P05108
Molecular weight:
60101.87
Reactions
Cholesterol + Oxygen + Reduced adrenal ferredoxin + Hydrogen Ion → 22b-Hydroxycholesterol + Water + Oxidized adrenal ferredoxindetails
22b-Hydroxycholesterol + Oxygen + Reduced adrenal ferredoxin + Hydrogen Ion → 20a,22b-Dihydroxycholesterol + Water + Oxidized adrenal ferredoxindetails