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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2006-08-13 12:46:02 UTC
Update Date2017-10-23 19:04:10 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0004136
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB04136
Metabolite Identification
Common NameD-Threitol
DescriptionD-Threitol can be regarded as the main end product of D-xylose metabolism in man. Threitol is a C4-polyol (tetritol); the total C4-polyol concentration of threitol decreases with age. Several inborn errors of metabolism with abnormal polyol concentrations in body fluids are known to date (such as pentosuria and galactosemia). Most of these defects can be diagnosed by the assessment of urinary concentrations of polyols. Several studies have revealed that urinary levels of some polyols may vary in diseases associated with carbohydrate metabolism derangements such as diabetes mellitus and uremia. The abnormal occurrence of various polyols in diseases with a specific enzyme deficiency such as pentosuria4 and galactosemias has also been reported. (PMID: 908147 , 16435188 , 14988808 , Analytical Sciences (1990), 6(5), 657-66.). Threitol in the urine is a biomarker for the consumption of apples and other fruits.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
D-threo-TetritolChEBI
(-)-ThreitolHMDB
(R*,r*)-1,2,3,4-butanetetrolHMDB
ThreitHMDB
ThreitolHMDB
Threitol, ((r*,r*)-(+-))-isomerMeSH
Threitol, (R-(r*,r*))-isomerMeSH
Chemical FormulaC4H10O4
Average Molecular Weight122.1198
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight122.057908808
IUPAC Name(2R,3R)-butane-1,2,3,4-tetrol
Traditional Name(-)-threitol
CAS Registry Number2418-52-2
SMILES
OC[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)CO
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C4H10O4/c5-1-3(7)4(8)2-6/h3-8H,1-2H2/t3-,4-/m1/s1
InChI KeyUNXHWFMMPAWVPI-QWWZWVQMSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as sugar alcohols. These are hydrogenated forms of carbohydrate in which the carbonyl group (aldehyde or ketone, reducing sugar) has been reduced to a primary or secondary hydroxyl group.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
Sub ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Direct ParentSugar alcohols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sugar alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

  Health condition:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

Disposition

Biological Location:

  Biofluid and excreta:

Source:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1160 g/LALOGPS
logP-2ALOGPS
logP-2.5ChemAxon
logS0.98ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)13.04ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area80.92 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity26.48 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.66 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0gba-0930000000-e0204c8d02428c3e3770View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0gba-0960000000-d9fd44a0ca03aa2b2c7dView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0gba-0930000000-e0204c8d02428c3e3770View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0gba-0930000000-43c8af225d82ebe7adccView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-03di-9000000000-8f6f577c436c69d84442View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0ab9-7249000000-2b2a68afd8e4a9b09f96View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-2900000000-b21b0229b3cca7a445e1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03k9-9500000000-793c9703aa07422f1014View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-01pd-9000000000-c17f1bba91d64dbd9f41View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00di-7900000000-12421f1c391587323fb6View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-05fr-9400000000-45979a06d5c9cf0240d8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4l-9000000000-e4d3d8da279144816016View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
No entries found
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified2.5 (0.0-5.0) uMAdolescent (13-18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified0.0 - 7.0 uMAdolescent (13-18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Infant (0-1 year old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Not SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified10.0 (5.6-15.0) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified45.0 (7.0 - 83) umol/mmol creatinineAdolescent (13-18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified19.3 (5.3-32.7) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified6.5 (5.0-8.0) uMAdolescent (13-18 years old)BothRibose-5-Phosphate Isomerase Deficiency details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified29 - 67 uMAdolescent (13-18 years old)BothRibose-5-Phosphate Isomerase Deficiency details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothColorectal Cancer details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Not SpecifiedNot Specified
Cryptosporidium infection
details
UrineDetected and Quantified55.0 (38.0 - 81.0) umol/mmol creatinineAdolescent (13-18 years old)BothRibose-5-Phosphate Isomerase Deficiency details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency
  1. Huck JH, Verhoeven NM, Struys EA, Salomons GS, Jakobs C, van der Knaap MS: Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency: new inborn error in the pentose phosphate pathway associated with a slowly progressive leukoencephalopathy. Am J Hum Genet. 2004 Apr;74(4):745-51. Epub 2004 Feb 25. [PubMed:14988808 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
  • 608611 (Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency)
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB002261
KNApSAcK IDC00037074
Chemspider ID147828
KEGG Compound IDC16884
BioCyc IDDITHIOTHREITOL
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound169019
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID48300
References
Synthesis ReferenceSynthesis of the stereoisomeric 1,2:3,4-dioxidobutanes. Feit, Peter W. Chemische Berichte (1960), 93 116-27.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Huck JH, Verhoeven NM, Struys EA, Salomons GS, Jakobs C, van der Knaap MS: Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency: new inborn error in the pentose phosphate pathway associated with a slowly progressive leukoencephalopathy. Am J Hum Genet. 2004 Apr;74(4):745-51. Epub 2004 Feb 25. [PubMed:14988808 ]
  2. Wamelink MM, Smith DE, Jakobs C, Verhoeven NM: Analysis of polyols in urine by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry: a useful tool for recognition of inborn errors affecting polyol metabolism. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2005;28(6):951-63. [PubMed:16435188 ]
  3. Pitkanen E: The conversion of D-xylose into D-threitol in patients without liver disease and in patients with portal liver cirrhosis. Clin Chim Acta. 1977 Oct 1;80(1):49-54. [PubMed:908147 ]