You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Creation Date2006-08-13 15:01:23 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:06:40 UTC
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name15-Keto-prostaglandin F2a
Description15-Keto-prostaglandin F2a is the oxidized product of prostaglandin F2a by 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase, which is present in lung, kidney, placenta and other tissues and catalyzes the NAD- or NADP-dependent dehydrogenation of 15-dydroxyl group. 15-Keto-prostaglandin F2a is further metabolized by its delta13-reduction, beta-oxidation and omega oxidation. The ultimate metabolite is 5a,7a-dihydroxy-11-keto-tetranorprosta-1,16-dioic acid, and excreted in urine. Prostaglandin F2a (PGF2) is one of the earliest discovered and most common prostaglandins is actively biosynthesized in various organs of mammals and exhibits a variety of biological activities, including contraction of pulmonary arteries. PGF2 is mainly synthesized directly from PGH2 by PGH2 9,11-endoperoxide reductase. A small amount of PGF2 is also produced from PGE2 by PGE2 9-ketoreductase. A PGF2 epimer has been reported to exhibit various biological activities, and its levels are increased in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, plasma, and urine in patients with mastocytosis and bronchial asthma. PGF2 is synthesized from PGD2 by PGD2 11-ketoreductase. (PMID: 16475787 , 184496 , 5951401 , 12432938 )Prostaglandins are eicosanoids. The eicosanoids consist of the prostaglandins (PGs), thromboxanes (TXs), leukotrienes (LTs) and lipoxins (LXs). The PGs and TXs are collectively identified as prostanoids. Prostaglandins were originally shown to be synthesized in the prostate gland, thromboxanes from platelets (thrombocytes) and leukotrienes from leukocytes, hence the derivation of their names. All mammalian cells except erythrocytes synthesize eicosanoids. These molecules are extremely potent, able to cause profound physiological effects at very dilute concentrations. All eicosanoids function locally at the site of synthesis, through receptor-mediated G-protein linked signaling pathways.
15-keto-Prostaglandin F2aChEBI
15-keto-Prostaglandin F2alphaChEBI
15-Ketoprostaglandin F2alphaChEBI
15-oxo PGF-2alphaHMDB
15-oxo-Prostaglandin F2alphaHMDB
9S,11R-Dihydroxy-15-oxo-5Z,13E-prostadienoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC20H32O5
Average Molecular Weight352.4651
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight352.224974134
IUPAC Name(5Z)-7-[(1R,2R,3R,5S)-3,5-dihydroxy-2-[(1E)-3-oxooct-1-en-1-yl]cyclopentyl]hept-5-enoic acid
Traditional Name15-keto-prostaglandin F2 α
CAS Registry Number35850-13-6
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as prostaglandins and related compounds. These are unsaturated carboxylic acids consisting of a 20 carbon skeleton that also contains a five member ring, and are based upon the fatty acid arachidonic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassEicosanoids
Direct ParentProstaglandins and related compounds
Alternative Parents
  • Prostaglandin skeleton
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Carbocyclic fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Cyclopentanol
  • Alpha,beta-unsaturated ketone
  • Enone
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Acryloyl-group
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
StatusDetected and Quantified
  • Endogenous
  • Food
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.093 mg/mLALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.36ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area94.83 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity99.57 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability40.62 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BloodDetected and Quantified0.000209 +/- 6E-6 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.000188 +/- 0.000111 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023345
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4444410
KEGG Compound IDC05960
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB04240
Metagene LinkHMDB04240
PubChem Compound5280887
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28442
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Cornette JC, Kirton KT, Schneider WP, Sun FF, Johnson RA, Nidy EG: Preparation and quantitation of urinary metabolites of prostaglandin F2alpha by radioimmunoassay. Prostaglandins. 1975 Feb;9(2):323-38. [1135444 ]
  2. Satoh K, Yasumizu T, Fukuoka H, Kinoshita K, Kaneko Y, Tsuchiya M, Sakamoto S: Prostaglandin F2 alpha metabolite levels in plasma, amniotic fluid, and urine during pregnancy and labor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1979 Apr 15;133(8):886-90. [434032 ]
  3. Komoto J, Yamada T, Watanabe K, Woodward DF, Takusagawa F: Prostaglandin F2alpha formation from prostaglandin H2 by prostaglandin F synthase (PGFS): crystal structure of PGFS containing bimatoprost. Biochemistry. 2006 Feb 21;45(7):1987-96. [16475787 ]
  4. Tai HH, Ensor CM, Tong M, Zhou H, Yan F: Prostaglandin catabolizing enzymes. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2002 Aug;68-69:483-93. [12432938 ]
  5. Hansen HS: 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase. A review. Prostaglandins. 1976 Oct;12(4):647-79. [184496 ]
  6. Anggard E: The biological activities of three metabolites of prostaglandin E 1. Acta Physiol Scand. 1966 Apr;66(4):509-10. [5951401 ]


General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Prostaglandin inactivation. Contributes to the regulation of events that are under the control of prostaglandin levels. Catalyzes the NAD-dependent dehydrogenation of lipoxin A4 to form 15-oxo-lipoxin A4. Inhibits in vivo proliferation of colon cancer cells.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight: