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Record Information
Creation Date2006-10-16 12:40:06 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:01 UTC
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameSertraline
DescriptionSertraline is a selective serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used in the treatment of depression. Sertraline hydrochloride (also labeled under numerous brand names: Zoloft, Sertralin, Lustral, Apo-Sertral, Asentra, Gladem, Serlift, Stimuloton, Xydep, Serlain, Concorz) is an orally administered antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) type. It was first approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1991. Sertraline is an odorless, white, sparingly soluble crystalline solid. The minimum effective dose is usually 50 mg per day (it can be still effective at 25 mg or 37.5 mg), but lower doses may be used in the initial weeks of treatment to acclimate the patient's body, especially the liver, to the drug and to minimize the severity of any side effects. Patients who do not experience relief of symptoms at 50 mg a day may have their dose increased, up to 200 mg a day. Sertraline (HCl) is used medically mainly to treat the symptoms of depression and anxiety. It is also prescribed for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), panic disorder (PD) and social phobia/social anxiety disorder. A study has shown that sertraline is an effective treatment for impulsive aggressive behavior in personality disordered patients.
CP 51974ChEBI
Sertraline hydrochlorideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC17H17Cl2N
Average Molecular Weight306.23
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight305.073804963
IUPAC Name(1S,4S)-4-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-amine
Traditional Namesertraline
CAS Registry Number79617-96-2
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as tametralines. These are compounds containing a tametraline moiety, which consists of a tetrahydronaphthalene linked to a phenyl group to form N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-amine skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
Sub ClassTametralines
Direct ParentTametralines
Alternative Parents
  • Tametraline
  • 1,2-dichlorobenzene
  • Aralkylamine
  • Halobenzene
  • Chlorobenzene
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl chloride
  • Secondary amine
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organochloride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Amine
  • Aromatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
StatusDetected and Quantified
  • Drug
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.000145 mg/mLALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.85ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area12.03 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity85.74 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability32.44 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-00b9-2890000000-d53a90b04ec8457ad2f1View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue Location
  • Brain
  • Liver
  • Platelet
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BloodDetected and Quantified0.15 (0.00032-0.32) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiofluidValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0-2 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023583
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID61881
KEGG Compound IDC07246
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkSertraline
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB05010
Metagene LinkHMDB05010
PubChem Compound68617
ChEBI ID9123
Synthesis ReferenceCorey, E. J.; Gant, Thomas G. A catalytic enantioselective synthetic route to the important antidepressant sertraline. Tetrahedron Letters (1994), 35(30), 5373-6.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Obach RS, Cox LM, Tremaine LM: Sertraline is metabolized by multiple cytochrome P450 enzymes, monoamine oxidases, and glucuronyl transferases in human: an in vitro study. Drug Metab Dispos. 2005 Feb;33(2):262-70. Epub 2004 Nov 16. [15547048 ]
  2. Agnel M, Esnaud H, Langer SZ, Graham D: Pharmacological characterization of the cloned human 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter. Biochem Pharmacol. 1996 May 3;51(9):1145-51. [8645336 ]
  3. Serebruany VL, Suckow RF, Cooper TB, O'Connor CM, Malinin AI, Krishnan KR, van Zyl LT, Lekht V, Glassman AH: Relationship between release of platelet/endothelial biomarkers and plasma levels of sertraline and N-desmethylsertraline in acute coronary syndrome patients receiving SSRI treatment for depression. Am J Psychiatry. 2005 Jun;162(6):1165-70. [15932816 ]
  4. Parsey RV, Kent JM, Oquendo MA, Richards MC, Pratap M, Cooper TB, Arango V, Mann JJ: Acute occupancy of brain serotonin transporter by sertraline as measured by [11C]DASB and positron emission tomography. Biol Psychiatry. 2006 May 1;59(9):821-8. Epub 2005 Oct 6. [16213473 ]
  5. Markovitz JH, Shuster JL, Chitwood WS, May RS, Tolbert LC: Platelet activation in depression and effects of sertraline treatment: An open-label study. Am J Psychiatry. 2000 Jun;157(6):1006-8. [10831484 ]
  6. Epperson CN, Jatlow PI, Czarkowski K, Anderson GM: Maternal fluoxetine treatment in the postpartum period: effects on platelet serotonin and plasma drug levels in breastfeeding mother-infant pairs. Pediatrics. 2003 Nov;112(5):e425. [14595087 ]
  7. Serebruany VL, Gurbel PA, O'Connor CM: Platelet inhibition by sertraline and N-desmethylsertraline: a possible missing link between depression, coronary events, and mortality benefits of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Pharmacol Res. 2001 May;43(5):453-62. [11394937 ]
  8. Kobayashi K, Yamamoto T, Chiba K, Tani M, Ishizaki T, Kuroiwa Y: The effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and their metabolites on S-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylase activity in human liver microsomes. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1995 Nov;40(5):481-5. [8703653 ]
  9. Phillips OM, Wood KM, Williams DC: Kinetics of the interaction of sertraline with the human platelet plasma membrane 5-hydroxytryptamine carrier. Eur J Pharmacol. 1988 Feb 9;146(2-3):299-306. [3371401 ]
  10. Pivac N, Muck-Seler D, Sagud M, Jakovljevic M, Mustapic M, Mihaljevic-Peles A: Long-term sertraline treatment and peripheral biochemical markers in female depressed patients. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2003 Aug;27(5):759-65. [12921906 ]


General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenytoin, tolbutamide and losartan.
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General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of a number of therapeutic agents such as the anticonvulsant drug S-mephenytoin, omeprazole, proguanil, certain barbiturates, diazepam, propranolol, citalopram and imipramine.
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General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes. It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic antidepressants.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,4-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase.
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General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
This is one of the several different receptors for 5- hydroxytryptamine (serotonin), a biogenic hormone that functions as a neurotransmitter, a hormone, and a mitogen. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins that inhibit adenylate cyclase activity
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General function:
Involved in neurotransmitter:sodium symporter activity
Specific function:
Serotonin transporter whose primary function in the central nervous system involves the regulation of serotonergic signaling via transport of serotonin molecules from the synaptic cleft back into the pre-synaptic terminal for re-utilization. Plays a key role in mediating regulation of the availability of serotonin to other receptors of serotonergic systems. Terminates the action of serotonin and recycles it in a sodium-dependent manner.
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