You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-10-25 09:59:41 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:04 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB05079
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name15-Deoxy-d-12,14-PGJ2
Description15-deoxy-PGJ2 (15d-PGJ2) is a metabolite of the PGJ2 prostanoid family that influences multiple signaling pathways by covalently binding with key signaling molecules. Among them, 15d-PGJ2 has displayed highest potency as an inducer of gene expression. Prostanoids are a subclass of the lipid mediator group known as eicosanoids. They derive from C-20 polyunsaturated fatty acids, mainly dihomo-gamma-linoleic (20:3n-6), arachidonic (20:4n-6), and eicosapentaenoic (20:5n-3) acids, through the action of cyclooxygenases-1 and -2 (COX-1 and COX-2). The reaction product of COX is the unstable endoperoxide prostaglandin H (PGH) that is further transformed into the individual prostanoids by a series of specific prostanoid synthases. Prostanoids are local-acting mediators formed and inactivated within the same or neighbouring cells prior to their release into circulation as inactive metabolites (15-keto- and 13,14-dihydroketo metabolites). Non-enzymatic peroxidation of arachidonic acid and other fatty acids in vivo can result in prostaglandin-like substances isomeric to the COX-derived prostaglandins that are termed isoprostanes. Prostanoids take part in many physiological and pathophysiological processes in practically every organ, tissue and cell, including the vascular, renal, gastrointestinal and reproductive systems. Their activities are mediated through prostanoid-specific receptors and intracellular signalling pathways, whilst their biosynthesis and action are blocked by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID). Isoprostanes are considered to be reliable markers of oxidant stress status and have been linked to inflammation, ischaemia-reperfusion, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, reproductive disorders and diabetes. (PMID: 16986207 , 16857669 ). Prostaglandins are eicosanoids. The eicosanoids consist of the prostaglandins (PGs), thromboxanes (TXs), leukotrienes (LTs) and lipoxins (LXs). The PGs and TXs are collectively identified as prostanoids. Prostaglandins were originally shown to be synthesized in the prostate gland, thromboxanes from platelets (thrombocytes) and leukotrienes from leukocytes, hence the derivation of their names. All mammalian cells except erythrocytes synthesize eicosanoids. These molecules are extremely potent, able to cause profound physiological effects at very dilute concentrations. All eicosanoids function locally at the site of synthesis, through receptor-mediated G-protein linked signaling pathways.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
15-Deoxy-delta-12,14-prostaglandin J2Kegg
15-Deoxy-PGJ2Kegg
15-Deoxy-δ-12,14-prostaglandin J2Generator
(5Z,12E,14E) 11-oxo Prosta-5,9,12,14-tetraen-1-OateHMDB
(5Z,12E,14E) 11-oxo Prosta-5,9,12,14-tetraen-1-Oic acidHMDB
(5Z,12E,14E)-11-oxo-Prosta-5,9,12,14-tetraen-1-OateHMDB
(5Z,12E,14E)-11-oxo-Prosta-5,9,12,14-tetraen-1-Oic acidHMDB
11-oxo-5Z,9,12,14-ProstatetraenoateHMDB
11-oxo-5Z,9,12,14-Prostatetraenoic acidHMDB
15-Deoxy-delta 12, 14-prostaglandin J2HMDB
15-Deoxy-delta-12, 14 PGJ-2HMDB
15-Deoxy-delta-12,14-PGJ2HMDB
15-Deoxy-delta12,14-PGJ2HMDB
15-Deoxy-delta12,14-prostaglandinHMDB
15-Deoxy-prostaglandin J2HMDB
15D-PGJ2HMDB
delta-12,14-15-Deoxy-PGJ2HMDB
Delta12,14-PGJ2HMDB
Chemical FormulaC20H28O3
Average Molecular Weight316.4345
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight316.203844762
IUPAC Name(5Z)-7-[(1S,5E)-5-[(2E)-oct-2-en-1-ylidene]-4-oxocyclopent-2-en-1-yl]hept-5-enoic acid
Traditional Namedelta12,14-PGJ2
CAS Registry Number87893-55-8
SMILES
CCCCC\C=C\C=C1/[C@@H](C\C=C/CCCC(O)=O)C=CC1=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C20H28O3/c1-2-3-4-5-6-10-13-18-17(15-16-19(18)21)12-9-7-8-11-14-20(22)23/h6-7,9-10,13,15-17H,2-5,8,11-12,14H2,1H3,(H,22,23)/b9-7-,10-6+,18-13+/t17-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=VHRUMKCAEVRUBK-GODQJPCRSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as prostaglandins and related compounds. These are unsaturated carboxylic acids consisting of a 20 carbon skeleton that also contains a five member ring, and are based upon the fatty acid arachidonic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassEicosanoids
Direct ParentProstaglandins and related compounds
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Prostaglandin skeleton
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Carbocyclic fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP3.983Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.003 mg/mLALOGPS
logP5.39ALOGPS
logP5.46ChemAxon
logS-5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.66ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area54.37 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count11ChemAxon
Refractivity98.45 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability37.53 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Acetaminophen Action PathwaySMP00710Not Available
Acetylsalicylic Acid PathwaySMP00083Not Available
Antipyrine Action PathwaySMP00692Not Available
Antrafenine Action PathwaySMP00693Not Available
Arachidonic Acid MetabolismSMP00075map00590
Bromfenac PathwaySMP00102Not Available
Carprofen Action PathwaySMP00694Not Available
Celecoxib PathwaySMP00096Not Available
Diclofenac PathwaySMP00093Not Available
Diflunisal PathwaySMP00289Not Available
Etodolac PathwaySMP00084Not Available
Etoricoxib Action PathwaySMP00695Not Available
Fenoprofen Action PathwaySMP00696Not Available
Flurbiprofen Action PathwaySMP00697Not Available
Ibuprofen PathwaySMP00086Not Available
Indomethacin PathwaySMP00104Not Available
Ketoprofen PathwaySMP00085Not Available
Ketorolac PathwaySMP00098Not Available
Leukotriene C4 Synthesis DeficiencySMP00353Not Available
Lornoxicam Action PathwaySMP00700Not Available
Lumiracoxib Action PathwaySMP00699Not Available
Magnesium salicylate Action PathwaySMP00698Not Available
Mefanamic Acid PathwaySMP00109Not Available
Meloxicam PathwaySMP00106Not Available
Nabumetone PathwaySMP00114Not Available
Naproxen PathwaySMP00120Not Available
Nepafenac Action PathwaySMP00702Not Available
Oxaprozin PathwaySMP00113Not Available
Phenylbutazone Action PathwaySMP00701Not Available
Piroxicam PathwaySMP00077Not Available
Rofecoxib PathwaySMP00087Not Available
Salicylate-sodium Action PathwaySMP00708Not Available
Salicylic Acid Action PathwaySMP00709Not Available
Salsalate Action PathwaySMP00707Not Available
Sulindac PathwaySMP00094Not Available
Suprofen PathwaySMP00101Not Available
Tenoxicam Action PathwaySMP00706Not Available
Tiaprofenic Acid Action PathwaySMP00705Not Available
Tolmetin Action PathwaySMP00704Not Available
Trisalicylate-choline Action PathwaySMP00703Not Available
Valdecoxib PathwaySMP00116Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.000083 +/- 0.000003 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.000206 +/- 0.000011 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified<0.0003 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.0000023 +/- 0.000001 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.00005 +/- 0.000018 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.000018 +/- 0.000004 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023619
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4470730
KEGG Compound IDC14717
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB05079
Metagene LinkHMDB05079
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5311211
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID607727
References
Synthesis ReferenceBickley, Jamie F.; Jadhav, Vasudev; Roberts, Stanley M.; Santoro, M. Gabriella; Steiner, Alexander; Sutton, Peter W. Synthesis of optically active prostaglandin-J2 and 15-deoxy-D12,14-prostaglandin-J2. Synlett (2003), (8), 1170-1174.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Yu X, Egner PA, Wakabayashi J, Wakabayashi N, Yamamoto M, Kensler TW: Nrf2-mediated induction of cytoprotective enzymes by 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 is attenuated by alkenal/one oxidoreductase. J Biol Chem. 2006 Sep 8;281(36):26245-52. Epub 2006 Jul 20. [16857669 ]
  2. Masoodi M, Nicolaou A: Lipidomic analysis of twenty-seven prostanoids and isoprostanes by liquid chromatography/electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2006;20(20):3023-9. [16986207 ]
  3. Lipid Maps (LMFA03010021) [Link]