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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-10-25 14:18:43 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:05 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB05095
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name11-trans-Leukotriene C4
Description11-trans-Leukotriene C4 (11-trans-LTC4) is leukotriene derivative formed by the metabolism of LTA4 and is found in human endothelial cells. Leukotrienes (LT) are a family of naturally occurring lipids that are oxygenated metabolites of arachidonic acid. Biosynthesis of the leukotrienes involves the action of a lipoxygenase on arachidonate to yield a hydroperoxy intermediate which is then dehydrated to the allylic epoxide, LTA4. LTA4 can be hydrolyzed to the dihydroxy acid, LTB4 or it can be conjugated with glutathione (GSH) to produce the parent slow reacting substance, LTC4. The leukotrienes are mediators of inflammation, hypersensitivy reactions, and respiratory disorders. On a cellular level, LTC4 and its metabolites, LTD4 and LTE4, are potent constrictors of vascular bronchial smooth muscle. LTC4 and LTD4 also induce plasma leakage from the microvasculature. LTB4 is a potent polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) chemotaxin and induces neutrophils to degranulate, generate superoxide, and adhere to vascular endothelium. Several investigations of leukotriene synthesis by blood vessels and cultured vascular cells have been undertaken. Vascular preparations have been shown to produce LTB4 and LTC4 and to metabolize LTC4 to LTD4 and LTE4. In addition, mast cells, macrophages, and PMNL, all of which may contaminate whole vessel preparations, are known to synthesize both peptide-containing and dihydroxy acid leukotrienes. Consequently, it is unclear what cells are contributing to vascular leukotriene synthesis. No evidence of isolated vascular cell leukotriene synthesis is currently available. Indeed, this report and others have been unable to detect endothelial cell conversion of arachidonic acid to the leukotrienes. The fact that vascular endothelium lacks the full complement of leukotriene biosynthetic enzymes does not preclude an active role for this tissue in leukotriene metabolism. In some cases, tissues which are not known to synthesize leukotrienes from arachidonate are able to catalyze one or more of the intermediate steps of the pathway. In the present investigation, the leukotriene metabolism of porcine aortic endothelium has been studied. Evidence is presented which indicates that endothelial cells are unable to convert arachidonic acid to LTC4 but, nevertheless, contain LTC4 synthetase. Additional experiments suggest that a neutrophil- endothelial cell interaction augments vascular LTC4 synthesis by the intercellular transfer of LTA4 from PMNL to endothelial cells. (PMID 3023351 )Leukotrienes are eicosanoids. The eicosanoids consist of the prostaglandins (PGs), thromboxanes (TXs), leukotrienes (LTs) and lipoxins (LXs). The PGs and TXs are collectively identified as prostanoids. Prostaglandins were originally shown to be synthesized in the prostate gland, thromboxanes from platelets (thrombocytes) and leukotrienes from leukocytes, hence the derivation of their names. All mammalian cells except erythrocytes synthesize eicosanoids. These molecules are extremely potent, able to cause profound physiological effects at very dilute concentrations. All eicosanoids function locally at the site of synthesis, through receptor-mediated G-protein linked signaling pathways.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
11-trans-LTC4HMDB
5S-Hydroxy-6R-(S-glutathionyl)-7E,9E,11E14Z-eicosatetraenoateHMDB
5S-Hydroxy-6R-(S-glutathionyl)-7E,9E,11E14Z-eicosatetraenoic acidHMDB
Leukotriene C2HMDB
[R-[R*,s*-(e,e,e,Z)]]-N-[S-[1-(4-carboxy-1-hydroxybutyl)-2,4,6,9-pentadecatetraenyl]-N-L-g-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl]-glycineHMDB
[R-[R*,s*-(e,e,e,Z)]]-N-[S-[1-(4-carboxy-1-hydroxybutyl)-2,4,6,9-pentadecatetraenyl]-N-L-gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl]-glycineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC30H47N3O9S
Average Molecular Weight625.774
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight625.303300807
IUPAC Name(5S,6R,7E,9E,11E,14Z)-6-{[(2R)-2-[(4S)-4-amino-4-carboxybutanamido]-2-[(carboxymethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl]sulfanyl}-5-hydroxyicosa-7,9,11,14-tetraenoic acid
Traditional Name11-trans-LTC4
CAS Registry Number74841-69-3
SMILES
CCCCC\C=C/C\C=C\C=C\C=C\[C@@H](SC[C@H](NC(=O)CC[C@H](N)C(O)=O)C(=O)NCC(O)=O)[C@@H](O)CCCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C30H47N3O9S/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-16-25(24(34)15-14-17-27(36)37)43-21-23(29(40)32-20-28(38)39)33-26(35)19-18-22(31)30(41)42/h6-7,9-13,16,22-25,34H,2-5,8,14-15,17-21,31H2,1H3,(H,32,40)(H,33,35)(H,36,37)(H,38,39)(H,41,42)/b7-6-,10-9+,12-11+,16-13+/t22-,23-,24-,25+/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=GWNVDXQDILPJIG-CCHJCNDSSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as gamma-glutamyl peptides. These are oligo- and polypeptides consisting of any C-terminal alpha peptide having a gamma-glutamyl residue attached at the N alpha-position.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentGamma-glutamyl peptides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Gamma-glutamyl alpha peptide
  • Leukotriene
  • Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid
  • Eicosanoid
  • N-acyl-aliphatic-alpha amino acid
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid amide
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • N-substituted-alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • Tricarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Thia fatty acid
  • Amino fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty amide
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Dialkylthioether
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP-0.571Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0025 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.04ALOGPS
logP-0.015ChemAxon
logS-5.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.8ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.31ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count10ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count7ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area216.35 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count25ChemAxon
Refractivity168.51 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability69.04 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified9E-6 +/- 2E-6 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023628
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4446258
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB05095
Metagene LinkHMDB05095
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5283134
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID607671
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Feinmark SJ, Cannon PJ: Endothelial cell leukotriene C4 synthesis results from intercellular transfer of leukotriene A4 synthesized by polymorphonuclear leukocytes. J Biol Chem. 1986 Dec 15;261(35):16466-72. [3023351 ]
  2. Lipid Maps (LMFA03020020) [Link]