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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:42 UTC
Update Date2013-02-09 00:14:17 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB05780
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB11361
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePE(O-16:1(1Z)/22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z))
DescriptionPE(O-16:1(1Z)/22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)) is a class of glycerophospholipid in which a phosphorylethanolamine moiety occupies a glycerol substitution site. As is the case with diacylglycerols, glycerophosphocholines can have many different combinations of fatty acids of varying lengths and saturation attached at the SN-1 and SN-2 positions. fatty acids containing 16, 18 and 20 carbons are the most common. (LipidMAPS)PE(dm16:0/22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)) is a phosphatidylethanolamine (PE or GPEtn). It is a glycerophospholipid in which a phosphorylethanolamine moiety occupies a glycerol substitution site. As is the case with diacylglycerols, glycerophosphoethanolamines can have many different combinations of fatty acids of varying lengths and saturation attached at the C-1 and C-2 positions. Fatty acids containing 16, 18 and 20 carbons are the most common. PE(dm16:0/22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)), in particular, consists of one chain of plasmalogen 16:0 at the C-1 position and one chain of docosahexaenoic acid at the C-2 position. The plasmalogen 16:0 moiety is derived from animal fats, liver and kidney, while the docosahexaenoic acid moiety is derived from fish oils. Phospholipids, are ubiquitous in nature and are key components of the lipid bilayer of cells, as well as being involved in metabolism and signaling.While most phospholipids have a saturated fatty acid on C-1 and an unsaturated fatty acid on C-2 of the glycerol backbone, the fatty acid distribution at the C-1 and C-2 positions of glycerol within phospholipids is continually in flux, owing to phospholipid degradation and the continuous phospholipid remodeling that occurs while these molecules are in membranes. PEs are neutral zwitterions at physiological pH. They mostly have palmitic or stearic acid on carbon 1 and a long chain unsaturated fatty acid (e.g. 18:2, 20:4 and 22:6) on carbon 2. PE synthesis can occur via two pathways. The first requires that ethanolamine be activated by phosphorylation and then coupled to CDP. The ethanolamine is then transferred from CDP-ethanolamine to phosphatidic acid to yield PE. The second involves the decarboxylation of PS.Plasmalogens are glycerol ether phospholipids. They are of two types, alkyl ether (-O-CH2-) and alkenyl ether (-O-CH=CH-). Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) serves as the glycerol precursor for the synthesis of plasmalogens. Three major classes of plasmalogens have been identified: choline, ethanolamine and serine derivatives. Ethanolamine plasmalogen is prevalent in myelin. Choline plasmalogen is abundant in cardiac tissue. Usually, the highest proportion of the plasmalogen form is in the ethanolamine class with rather less in choline, and commonly little or none in other phospholipids such as phosphatidylinositol. In choline plasmalogens of most tissues, a higher proportion is often of the O-alkyl rather than the O-alkenyl form, but the reverse tends to be true in heart lipids. In animal tissues, the alkyl and alkenyl moieties in both non-polar and phospholipids tend to be rather simple in composition with 16:0, 18:0 and 18:1 (double bond in position 9) predominating. Ether analogues of triacylglycerols, i.e. 1-alkyldiacyl-sn-glycerols, are present at trace levels only if at all in most animal tissues, but they can be major components of some marine lipids.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. 1-(1-Enyl-palmitoyl)-2-docosahexaenoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine
  2. 1-Alkenyl-2-acyl-glycerophosphoethanolamine
  3. 1-O-(1Z-Hexadecenyl)-2-(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z-docosahexaenoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine
  4. GPEtn(16:0/22:6)
  5. GPEtn(16:0/22:6n3)
  6. GPEtn(16:0/22:6w3)
  7. GPEtn(16:0p/22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z))
  8. GPEtn(38:6)
  9. PE(16:0/22:6)
  10. PE(16:0/22:6n3)
  11. PE(16:0/22:6w3)
  12. PE(38:6)
  13. PE(dm16:0/22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z))
  14. Phophatidylethanolamine(16:0/22:6)
  15. Phophatidylethanolamine(16:0/22:6n3)
  16. Phophatidylethanolamine(16:0/22:6w3)
  17. Phophatidylethanolamine(38:6)
Chemical FormulaC43H74NO7P
Average Molecular Weight748.0239
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight747.520290239
IUPAC Name(2-aminoethoxy)[(2R)-2-[(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)-docosa-4,7,10,13,16,19-hexaenoyloxy]-3-[(1Z)-hexadec-1-en-1-yloxy]propoxy]phosphinic acid
Traditional Name2-aminoethoxy(2R)-2-[(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)-docosa-4,7,10,13,16,19-hexaenoyloxy]-3-[(1Z)-hexadec-1-en-1-yloxy]propoxyphosphinic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H][C@@](CO\C=C/CCCCCCCCCCCCCC)(COP(O)(=O)OCCN)OC(=O)CC\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/CC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C43H74NO7P/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-19-20-21-22-23-24-26-28-30-32-34-36-43(45)51-42(41-50-52(46,47)49-39-37-44)40-48-38-35-33-31-29-27-25-18-16-14-12-10-8-6-4-2/h5,7,11,13,17,19,21-22,24,26,30,32,35,38,42H,3-4,6,8-10,12,14-16,18,20,23,25,27-29,31,33-34,36-37,39-41,44H2,1-2H3,(H,46,47)/b7-5-,13-11-,19-17-,22-21-,26-24-,32-30-,38-35-/t42-/m1/s1
InChI KeyWVGALBKSWOUIEZ-XNHMFJFDSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassLipids
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphoethanolamines
Other Descriptors
  • Aliphatic Acyclic Compounds
Substituents
  • Acyclic Alkene
  • Carboxylic Acid Ester
  • Enol Ether
  • Fatty Acid Ester
  • Organic Hypophosphite
  • Organic Phosphite
  • Phosphoethanolamine
  • Phosphoric Acid Ester
  • Primary Aliphatic Amine (Alkylamine)
Direct ParentLysophosphatidylethanolamines
Ontology
StatusExpected and Not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Energy source
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility6.850E-05 g/LALOGPS
logP9.06ALOGPS
logP11.34ChemAxon
logS-7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.87ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)10ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area117.31ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count38ChemAxon
Refractivity225.65ChemAxon
Polarizability87ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
  • Brain
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiofluidValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood20.784 +/- 17.189 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal (Upper Limit)Concentration data updated from parsing Nick's...
Blood0.98848 +/- 0.17696 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal (Most Probable)Concentration data updated from parsing Nick's...
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023769
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4446616
KEGG Compound IDC00350
BioCyc ID1-Alkenyl-2-acyl-glyceroPethamines
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB05780
Metagene LinkHMDB05780
METLIN ID6548
PubChem Compound5283497
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. This isozyme hydrolyzes more efficiently L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine than L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylcholine, L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylethanolamine, or L-alpha-1-stearoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylinositol. May be involved in the production of lung surfactant, the remodeling or regulation of cardiac muscle.
Gene Name:
PLA2G5
Uniprot ID:
P39877
Molecular weight:
15674.065
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Hydrolyzes phosphatidylglycerol versus phosphatidylcholine with a 15-fold preference.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2F
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZM2
Molecular weight:
23256.29
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Selectively hydrolyzes arachidonyl phospholipids in the sn-2 position releasing arachidonic acid. Together with its lysophospholipid activity, it is implicated in the initiation of the inflammatory response.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4A
Uniprot ID:
P47712
Molecular weight:
85210.19
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides.
Gene Name:
PLA2G1B
Uniprot ID:
P04054
Molecular weight:
16359.535
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
Not known; does not seem to have catalytic activity.
Gene Name:
PLA2G12B
Uniprot ID:
Q9BX93
Molecular weight:
Not Available
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a powerful potency for releasing arachidonic acid from cell membrane phospholipids. Prefers phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine liposomes to those of phosphatidylserine.
Gene Name:
PLA2G10
Uniprot ID:
O15496
Molecular weight:
18153.04
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a preference for arachidonic-containing phospholipids.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2E
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZK7
Molecular weight:
15988.525
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes the release of fatty acids from phospholipids. It has been implicated in normal phospholipid remodeling, nitric oxide-induced or vasopressin-induced arachidonic acid release and in leukotriene and prostaglandin production. May participate in fas mediated apoptosis and in regulating transmembrane ion flux in glucose-stimulated B-cells. Has a role in cardiolipin (CL) deacylation. Required for both speed and directionality of monocyte MCP1/CCL2-induced chemotaxis through regulation of F-actin polymerization at the pseudopods. Isoform ankyrin-iPLA2-1 and isoform ankyrin-iPLA2-2, which lack the catalytic domain, are probably involved in the negative regulation of iPLA2 activity.
Gene Name:
PLA2G6
Uniprot ID:
O60733
Molecular weight:
84092.635
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine is more efficiently hydrolyzed than the other phospholipids examined.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2D
Uniprot ID:
Q9UNK4
Molecular weight:
16546.1
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
May have a role in signal-induced cytoskeletal regulation and/or endocytosis (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PLD2
Uniprot ID:
O14939
Molecular weight:
104656.485
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in N-methyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes three sequential methylation reactions of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) by AdoMet, thereby producing phosphatidylcholine (PC).
Gene Name:
PEMT
Uniprot ID:
Q9UBM1
Molecular weight:
23697.395
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Implicated as a critical step in numerous cellular pathways, including signal transduction, membrane trafficking, and the regulation of mitosis. May be involved in the regulation of perinuclear intravesicular membrane traffic (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PLD1
Uniprot ID:
Q13393
Molecular weight:
124183.135
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Shows an 11-fold preference for phosphatidylglycerol over phosphatidylcholine (PC). Preferential cleavage: 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) > 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-PC > 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-PC > 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-PE. Plays a role in ciliogenesis.
Gene Name:
PLA2G3
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZ20
Molecular weight:
57166.51
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP11C
Uniprot ID:
Q8NB49
Molecular weight:
129476.0
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP11A
Uniprot ID:
P98196
Molecular weight:
129754.6
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP10A
Uniprot ID:
O60312
Molecular weight:
167686.6
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
May play a role in the transport of aminophospholipids from the outer to the inner leaflet of various membranes and the maintenance of asymmetric distribution of phospholipids in the canicular membrane. May have a role in transport of bile acids into the canaliculus, uptake of bile acids from intestinal contents into intestinal mucosa or both
Gene Name:
ATP8B1
Uniprot ID:
O43520
Molecular weight:
143694.1
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP9A
Uniprot ID:
O75110
Molecular weight:
118581.5
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP10D
Uniprot ID:
Q9P241
Molecular weight:
160272.3
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP8A2
Uniprot ID:
Q9NTI2
Molecular weight:
129240.4
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
May play a role in the transport of aminophospholipids from the outer to the inner leaflet of various membranes and the maintenance of asymmetric distribution of phospholipids, mainly in secretory vesicles
Gene Name:
ATP8A1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y2Q0
Molecular weight:
131368.2
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP8B4
Uniprot ID:
Q8TF62
Molecular weight:
135867.0
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP11B
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y2G3
Molecular weight:
134188.6
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP8B3
Uniprot ID:
O60423
Molecular weight:
146750.9
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
May play a role in the antiviral response of interferon (IFN) by amplifying and enhancing the IFN response through increased expression of select subset of potent antiviral genes. May contribute to cytokine-regulated cell proliferation and differentiation
Gene Name:
PLSCR1
Uniprot ID:
O15162
Molecular weight:
35048.8
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylserine decarboxylase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PISD
Uniprot ID:
Q9UG56
Molecular weight:
43046.33
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in lipid binding
Specific function:
Converts HDL into larger and smaller particles. May play a key role in extracellular phospholipid transport and modulation of hdl particles
Gene Name:
PLTP
Uniprot ID:
P55058
Molecular weight:
54738.8
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes both phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis from CDP-choline and CDP-ethanolamine, respectively. Involved in protein-dependent process of phospholipid transport to distribute phosphatidyl choline to the lumenal surface. Has a higher cholinephosphotransferase activity than ethanolaminephosphotransferase activity.
Gene Name:
CEPT1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y6K0
Molecular weight:
46553.135
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PLD3
Uniprot ID:
Q8IV08
Molecular weight:
54704.865
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PLD4
Uniprot ID:
Q96BZ4
Molecular weight:
55626.055
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
May mediate accelerated ATP-independent bidirectional transbilayer migration of phospholipids upon binding calcium ions that results in a loss of phospholipid asymmetry in the plasma membrane. May play a central role in the initiation of fibrin clot formation, in the activation of mast cells and in the recognition of apoptotic and injured cells by the reticuloendothelial system
Gene Name:
PLSCR2
Uniprot ID:
Q9NRY7
Molecular weight:
25522.5
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
May mediate accelerated ATP-independent bidirectional transbilayer migration of phospholipids upon binding calcium ions that results in a loss of phospholipid asymmetry in the plasma membrane. May play a central role in the initiation of fibrin clot formation, in the activation of mast cells and in the recognition of apoptotic and injured cells by the reticuloendothelial system
Gene Name:
PLSCR3
Uniprot ID:
Q9NRY6
Molecular weight:
31648.1
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
May mediate accelerated ATP-independent bidirectional transbilayer migration of phospholipids upon binding calcium ions that results in a loss of phospholipid asymmetry in the plasma membrane. May play a central role in the initiation of fibrin clot formation, in the activation of mast cells and in the recognition of apoptotic and injured cells by the reticuloendothelial system
Gene Name:
PLSCR4
Uniprot ID:
Q9NRQ2
Molecular weight:
37005.2
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PLSCR5
Uniprot ID:
A0PG75
Molecular weight:
30026.2
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP10B
Uniprot ID:
O94823
Molecular weight:
165388.9
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP8B2
Uniprot ID:
P98198
Molecular weight:
137439.1
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Lysophospholipase selective for N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE). Contributes to the biosynthesis of N-acyl ethanolamines, including the endocannabinoid anandamide by hydrolyzing the sn-1 and sn-2 acyl chains from N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE) generating glycerophospho-N-acyl ethanolamine (GP-NAE), an intermediate for N-acyl ethanolamine biosynthesis. Hydrolyzes substrates bearing saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated N-acyl chains. Shows no significant activity towards other lysophospholipids, including lysophosphatidylcholine, lysophosphatidylethanolamine and lysophosphatidylserine
Gene Name:
ABHD4
Uniprot ID:
Q8TB40
Molecular weight:
38794.1
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes N-acyl-phosphatidylethanolamines (NAPEs) to produce N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) and phosphatidic acid. Responsible for the generation of anandamide (N-arachidonoylethanolamine), the ligand of cannabinoid and vanilloid receptors (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NAPEPLD
Uniprot ID:
Q6IQ20
Molecular weight:
45595.15
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
HCNP may be involved in the function of the presynaptic cholinergic neurons of the central nervous system. HCNP increases the production of choline acetyltransferase but not acetylcholinesterase. Seems to be mediated by a specific receptor
Gene Name:
PEBP1
Uniprot ID:
P30086
Molecular weight:
21056.6
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Seems to promote cellular resistance to TNF-induced apoptosis by inhibiting activation of the Raf-1/MEK/ERK pathway, JNK and phosphatidylethanolamine externalization
Gene Name:
PEBP4
Uniprot ID:
Q96S96
Molecular weight:
25733.2
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis from CDP-ethanolamine. It thereby plays a central role in the formation and maintenance of vesicular membranes. Involved in the formation of phosphatidylethanolamine via 'Kennedy' pathway.
Gene Name:
EPT1
Uniprot ID:
Q9C0D9
Molecular weight:
45228.42
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent phospholipase A2 that selectively hydrolyzes glycerophospholipids in the sn-2 position with a preference for arachidonoyl phospholipids. Has a much weaker activity than PLA2G4A. Isoform 3 has calcium-dependent activity against palmitoyl-arachidonyl-phosphatidylethanolamine and low level lysophospholipase activity but no activity against phosphatidylcholine. Isoform 5 does have activity against phosphatidylcholine.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4B
Uniprot ID:
P0C869
Molecular weight:
87977.02
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q59EA4
Molecular weight:
122007.8
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. Pubmed: 12486725