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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2007-01-22 23:21:34 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:17 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB05812
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB05804
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGeraniol
DescriptionGeraniol, also called rhodinol, is a monoterpenoid and an alcohol. It is the primary part of oil-of-rose and palmarosa oil. It also occurs in small quantities in geranium, lemon, citronella, and many other essential oils. It appears as a clear to pale-yellow oil which is insoluble in water, but soluble in most common organic solvents. It has a rose-like odor, for which it is commonly used in perfumes. It is used in flavors such as peach, raspberry, grapefruit, red apple, plum, lime, orange, lemon, watermelon, pineapple and blueberry. An alternate application has been found in the use of insect repellents or deterrants. Though it may repel mosquitoes, flies, lice, cockroaches, ants, and ticks, it is also produced by the scent glands of honey bees to help them mark nectar-bearing flowers and locate the entrances to their hives. Extensive testing by Dr. Jerry Butler at the University of Florida has shown geraniol to be one of nature's most effective insect repellents (Wikipedia).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2Z)-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olChEBI
(Z)-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olChEBI
(Z)-3,7-Dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-olChEBI
(Z)-GeraniolChEBI
2-cis-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olChEBI
cis-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olChEBI
cis-GeraniolChEBI
Neryl alcoholChEBI
(2E)3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olHMDB
(2Z)3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olHMDB
(cis)3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olHMDB
(e)3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olHMDB
(e)3,7-Dimethyl-octadien-1-olHMDB
(Z)3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olHMDB
2,6-Dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadien-8-olHMDB
2-trans-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olHMDB
2-trans-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadiene-1-olHMDB
2E-GeraniolHMDB
3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olHMDB
3,7-Dimethyl-octane-1-ol tetrahydro derivativeHMDB
3,7-Dimethyl-trans-2, 6-octadien-1-olHMDB
3,7-Dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-olHMDB
beta-GeraniolHMDB
Geraniol (natural)HMDB
Geraniol alcoholHMDB
Geranyl alcoholHMDB
GuaniolHMDB
LemonolHMDB
NerolHMDB
Nerol (natural)HMDB
Nerolidyl diphosphateHMDB
trans-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-olHMDB
trans-GeraniolHMDB
VernolHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H18O
Average Molecular Weight154.2493
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight154.135765198
IUPAC Name(2Z)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-ol
Traditional Namenerol
CAS Registry Number106-25-2
SMILES
CC(C)=CCC\C(C)=C/CO
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H18O/c1-9(2)5-4-6-10(3)7-8-11/h5,7,11H,4,6,8H2,1-3H3/b10-7-
InChI KeyInChIKey=GLZPCOQZEFWAFX-YFHOEESVSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyclic monoterpenoids. These are monoterpenes that do not contain a cycle.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassMonoterpenoids
Direct ParentAcyclic monoterpenoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Acyclic monoterpenoid
  • Fatty alcohol
  • Fatty acyl
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Cosmetic
  • Food
  • Plant
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point< -15 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.531 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogP3.47GRIFFIN,S ET AL. (1999)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.37 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.89ALOGPS
logP2.5ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)16.33ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity51.18 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability19.29 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001r-9600000000-69c0de28e07b8b530c9aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9100000000-0ee3622152359826448fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-003r-9000000000-d5bb693fadd752735f31View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-6M) , Positivesplash10-014l-9000000000-8132ea67e057a3dd9c80View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-6M) , Positivesplash10-014l-9100000000-a5bdece739d0cb5bf629View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-6M) , Positivesplash10-015c-9200000000-eea073073c86ea4d9a38View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (SHIMADZU QP-1000) , Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-0625da1bcd5a7d1938a6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80B) , Positivesplash10-014l-9000000000-7b5a5cfbbe0b42fdd23eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Saliva
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB014945
KNApSAcK IDC00000855
Chemspider ID558917
KEGG Compound IDC09871
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkGeraniol
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB05812
Metagene LinkHMDB05812
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound643820
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID29452
References
Synthesis ReferenceVerley, A. Nerol. (1919), GB 127575 19190521 CAN 13:12091 AN 1919:12091
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General ReferencesNot Available