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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2007-04-12 15:37:12 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:18 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB05842
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name2-Oxohexane
Description2-Oxohexane is a volatile organic compound. 2-Oxohexane is occasionally found as a volatile component of normal human biofluids. 2-Oxohexane is an hexacarbon solvent; the neurotoxicity of hexacarbon solvents has become apparent and an extensive literature has already developed as a result of the clinical and epidemiological implications of the human disease. The main neurological disorders associated with chronic volatile substance are peripheral neuropathy, cerebellar disease, chronic encephalopathy and dementia. Apart from peripheral neuropathy, the clinical features are non-specific, evidence for solvent-related toxicity is in most cases circumstantial and there is no clear dose/response relationship. (PMID: 5556886 , 6278344 , 2550357 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Hexan-2-oneChEMBL
2-HexanoneHMDB
2-Hexanone methyl N-butyl ketoneHMDB
Butyl methyl ketoneHMDB
Methyl butyl ketoneHMDB
Methyl N-butyl ketoneHMDB
MNBKHMDB
N-Butyl methyl ketoneHMDB
N-C4H9COCH3HMDB
PropylacetoneHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H12O
Average Molecular Weight100.1589
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight100.088815006
IUPAC Namehexan-2-one
Traditional Namehexanone
CAS Registry Number591-78-6
SMILES
CCCCC(C)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H12O/c1-3-4-5-6(2)7/h3-5H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=QQZOPKMRPOGIEB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as ketones. These are organic compounds in which a carbonyl group is bonded to two carbon atoms R2C=O (neither R may be a hydrogen atom). Ketones that have one or more alpha-hydrogen atoms undergo keto-enol tautomerization, the tautomer being an enol.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassCarbonyl compounds
Sub ClassKetones
Direct ParentKetones
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Ketone
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-55.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility17.5 mg/mL at 20 °CNot Available
LogP1.38HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility8.14 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.45ALOGPS
logP1.7ChemAxon
logS-1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)19.64ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity30.02 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability12.26 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-6M) , Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-b9a2ab16adfdd94ece2aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-7M) , Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-c9c9e98957d1fde0dce7View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80B) , Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-214c4efe96ae363515d5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HP 5970) , Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-858b1e62ef5dfd041bafView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-6M) , Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-e2acd59c62ae4caefc56View in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-052f-9000000000-f15df0bf9af914ce3f16View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified0 - 21.25 ppmChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Campylobacter jejuni infection
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Clostridium difficile infection
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative Colitis
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
details
FecesDetected and Quantified0 - 347.96 ppmChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Treated celiac disease
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB008079
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID11095
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc ID2K-ADIPATE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB05842
Metagene LinkHMDB05842
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound11583
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID421633
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Zlatkis A, Liebich HM: Profile of volatile metabolites in human urine. Clin Chem. 1971 Jul;17(7):592-4. [5556886 ]
  2. Griffin JW: Hexacarbon neurotoxicity. Neurobehav Toxicol Teratol. 1981 Winter;3(4):437-44. [6278344 ]
  3. Lolin Y: Chronic neurological toxicity associated with exposure to volatile substances. Hum Toxicol. 1989 Jul;8(4):293-300. [2550357 ]