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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2007-05-22 17:39:54 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:24 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB06213
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(S)-Propane-1,2-diol
Description(S)-Propane-1,2-diol is a clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-1,2-PropanediolChEBI
(S)-Propylene glycolChEBI
Chemical FormulaC3H8O2
Average Molecular Weight76.0944
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight76.0524295
IUPAC Name(2S)-propane-1,2-diol
Traditional Name(S)-1,2-propanediol
CAS Registry Number4254-15-3
SMILES
C[C@H](O)CO
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H8O2/c1-3(5)2-4/h3-5H,2H2,1H3/t3-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=DNIAPMSPPWPWGF-VKHMYHEASA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1,2-diols. These are polyols containing an alcohol group at two adjacent positions.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassAlcohols and polyols
Sub ClassPolyols
Direct Parent1,2-diols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility952.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.1ALOGPS
logP-0.79ChemAxon
logS1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)14.47ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area40.46 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity18.97 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability8.01 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-004i-9000000000-0a1a58ae50ca7bfbc92fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0a6r-9000000000-4f58eaf424aa13185ca2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-d0e5def95a7a7879dc71View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-5bf5d9d3c7cf604af9a3View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-056r-9000000000-ea5b27ac0cc585591f63View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-ecc48f7be3304c6cc1e0View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biofluid Locations
  • Saliva
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023838
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID388890
KEGG Compound IDC02917
BioCyc ID--TRANS-ACENAPHTHENE-12-DIOL
BiGG ID40815
Wikipedia Link1,2-propanediol
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB06213
Metagene LinkHMDB06213
METLIN ID3220
PubChem Compound439846
PDB IDPGO
ChEBI ID29002
References
Synthesis ReferenceMelchiorre, Carlo. A convenient synthesis of S(+)-propane-1,2-diol. Chemistry & Industry (London, United Kingdom) (1976), (5), 218.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of a wide variety of carbonyl-containing compounds to their corresponding alcohols with a broad range of catalytic efficiencies.
Gene Name:
AKR1B1
Uniprot ID:
P15121
Molecular weight:
35853.125