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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2007-05-22 19:40:54 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:26 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB06254
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name4-Hydroxyretinoic acid
Description4-Hydroxyretinoic acid is an NADPH-dependent hydroxylation metabolite of retinoic acid in the microsomes, via the cytochrome P-450 system. Retinoic acid is an activated metabolite of retinol that supports the systemic functions of vitamin A in vivo. (PMID: 1538719 , 1932598 , 2851384 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-3-hydroxy-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraenoic acidChEBI
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-9-(3-Hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexenyl)-3,7-dimethyl-nona-2,4,6,8-tetraenoic acidChEBI
(7E,9E,11E,13E)-4-Hydroxyretinoic acidChEBI
4-Hydroxy-(7E,9E,11E,13E)-retinoic acidChEBI
4-Hydroxy-all-trans-retinoic acidChEBI
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-3-hydroxy-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraenoateGenerator
all-trans-4-HydroxyretinoateGenerator
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-9-(3-Hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexenyl)-3,7-dimethyl-nona-2,4,6,8-tetraenoateGenerator
(7E,9E,11E,13E)-4-HydroxyretinoateGenerator
4-Hydroxy-(7E,9E,11E,13E)-retinoateGenerator
4-Hydroxy-all-trans-retinoateGenerator
4-Hydroxy-13-cis-retinoateHMDB
4-Hydroxy-13-cis-retinoic acidHMDB
4-Hydroxy-retinoateHMDB
4-Hydroxy-retinoic acidHMDB
4-OH-RetinoateHMDB
4-OH-Retinoic acidHMDB
rac-4-Hydroxy-all-trans-retinoateHMDB
rac-4-Hydroxy-all-trans-retinoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC20H28O3
Average Molecular Weight316.4345
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight316.203844762
IUPAC Name(2E,4E,6E,8E)-9-(3-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl)-3,7-dimethylnona-2,4,6,8-tetraenoic acid
Traditional Name4-hydroxyretinoic acid
CAS Registry Number66592-72-1
SMILES
C\C(\C=C\C1=C(C)C(O)CCC1(C)C)=C/C=C/C(/C)=C/C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C20H28O3/c1-14(7-6-8-15(2)13-19(22)23)9-10-17-16(3)18(21)11-12-20(17,4)5/h6-10,13,18,21H,11-12H2,1-5H3,(H,22,23)/b8-6+,10-9+,14-7+,15-13+
InChI KeyInChIKey=KGUMXGDKXYTTEY-FRCNGJHJSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as retinoids. These are oxygenated derivatives of 3,7-dimethyl-1-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-enyl)nona-1,3,5,7-tetraene and derivatives thereof.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassRetinoids
Direct ParentRetinoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Retinoid skeleton
  • Diterpenoid
  • Carbocyclic fatty acid
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Methyl-branched fatty acid
  • Branched fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug metabolite
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Waste products
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Nucleus
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.009 mg/mLALOGPS
logP5.04ALOGPS
logP3.78ChemAxon
logS-4.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)5ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.53 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity99.31 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability37.33 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Nucleus
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Retinol MetabolismSMP00074map00830
Vitamin A DeficiencySMP00336Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00298
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023862
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4943093
KEGG Compound IDC16677
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID2299866
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB06254
Metagene LinkHMDB06254
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6438629
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID63795
References
Synthesis ReferenceRosenberger, Michael. Retinoic acid metabolites. 1. Total synthesis of 4-hydroxy- and 4-oxoretinoic acid. Journal of Organic Chemistry (1982), 47(9), 1698-701.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Napoli JL, Posch KP, Fiorella PD, Boerman MH: Physiological occurrence, biosynthesis and metabolism of retinoic acid: evidence for roles of cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP) and cellular retinoic acid-binding protein (CRABP) in the pathway of retinoic acid homeostasis. Biomed Pharmacother. 1991;45(4-5):131-43. [1932598 ]
  2. Roberts ES, Vaz AD, Coon MJ: Role of isozymes of rabbit microsomal cytochrome P-450 in the metabolism of retinoic acid, retinol, and retinal. Mol Pharmacol. 1992 Feb;41(2):427-33. [1538719 ]
  3. Spear PA, Garcin H, Narbonne JF: Increased retinoic acid metabolism following 3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl injection. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1988 Sep;66(9):1181-6. [2851384 ]