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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2007-05-22 20:50:56 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:27 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB06271
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameZymosterol intermediate 2
DescriptionZymosterol is the precursor of cholesterol and is found in the plasma membrane. zymosterol circulates within the cells. The structural features of zymosterol provided optimal substrate acceptability. In human fibroblasts, zymosterol is converted to cholesterol solely in the rough ER. Little or no zymosterol or cholesterol accumulates in the rough ER in vivo. Newly synthesized zymosterol moves to the plasma membrane without a detectable lag and with a half-time of 9 min, about twice as fast as cholesterol. The pool of radiolabeled zymosterol in the plasma membrane turns over rapidly, faster than does intracellular cholesterol. Thus, plasma membrane zymosterol is not stagnant. [3H]Zymosterol pulsed into intact cells is initially found in the plasma membrane. (PMID: 1939176 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
5alpha-Cholesta-8,24-dien-3beta-olChEBI
delta8,24-Cholestadien-3beta-olChEBI
ZymostrolChEBI
5a-Cholesta-8,24-dien-3b-olGenerator
5α-cholesta-8,24-dien-3β-olGenerator
delta8,24-Cholestadien-3b-olGenerator
δ8,24-cholestadien-3β-olGenerator
δ8,24-cholestadien-3b-olGenerator
(3b,5a)- Cholesta-8,24-dien-3-olHMDB
Cholest-8,24-dien-3b-olHMDB
Cholesta-8,24-dien-3-olHMDB
Chemical FormulaC27H44O
Average Molecular Weight384.6377
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight384.33921603
IUPAC Name(2S,5S,7S,11R,14R,15R)-2,15-dimethyl-14-[(2R)-6-methylhept-5-en-2-yl]tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-1(10)-en-5-ol
Traditional Namezymosterol
CAS Registry Number128-33-6
SMILES
[H][C@@](C)(CCC=C(C)C)[C@@]1([H])CC[C@@]2([H])C3=C(CC[C@]12C)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@H](O)C[C@]1([H])CC3
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H44O/c1-18(2)7-6-8-19(3)23-11-12-24-22-10-9-20-17-21(28)13-15-26(20,4)25(22)14-16-27(23,24)5/h7,19-21,23-24,28H,6,8-17H2,1-5H3/t19-,20+,21+,23-,24+,26+,27-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=CGSJXLIKVBJVRY-XTGBIJOFSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cholesterols and derivatives. These are compounds containing a 3-hydroxylated cholestane core.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassCholestane steroids
Direct ParentCholesterols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cholesterol-skeleton
  • 3-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Hormones, Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point110 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000998 mg/mLALOGPS
logP6.51ALOGPS
logP6.66ChemAxon
logS-5.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)18.36ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity121.2 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability49.86 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Alendronate pathwaySMP00095Not Available
Atorvastatin PathwaySMP00131Not Available
Cerivastatin PathwaySMP00111Not Available
CHILD SyndromeSMP00387Not Available
Cholesteryl ester storage diseaseSMP00508Not Available
Chondrodysplasia Punctata II, X Linked Dominant (CDPX2)SMP00388Not Available
DesmosterolosisSMP00386Not Available
Fluvastatin PathwaySMP00119Not Available
Hyper-IgD syndromeSMP00509Not Available
HypercholesterolemiaSMP00209Not Available
Ibandronate PathwaySMP00079Not Available
Lovastatin PathwaySMP00099Not Available
Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency (Wolman Disease)SMP00319Not Available
Mevalonic aciduriaSMP00510Not Available
Pamidronate PathwaySMP00117Not Available
Pravastatin PathwaySMP00089Not Available
Risedronate PathwaySMP00112Not Available
Rosuvastatin PathwaySMP00092Not Available
Simvastatin Action PathwaySMP00082Not Available
Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome (SLOS)SMP00389Not Available
Steroid BiosynthesisSMP00023map00100
Wolman diseaseSMP00511Not Available
Zoledronate PathwaySMP00107Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023869
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID83724
KEGG Compound IDC05437
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID1454806
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB06271
Metagene LinkHMDB06271
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound92746
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID18252
References
Synthesis ReferenceDolle, Roland E.; Schmidt, Stanley J.; Kruse, Lawrence I. Synthesis of zymosterol: salient intermediate of fungal and mammalian sterol biosynthesis. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications (1988), (1), 19-21.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Lange Y, Echevarria F, Steck TL: Movement of zymosterol, a precursor of cholesterol, among three membranes in human fibroblasts. J Biol Chem. 1991 Nov 15;266(32):21439-43. [1939176 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in cholestenol delta-isomerase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of Delta(8)-sterols to their corresponding Delta(7)-isomers.
Gene Name:
EBP
Uniprot ID:
Q15125
Molecular weight:
26352.615
Reactions
Zymosterol intermediate 2 → 5a-Cholesta-7,24-dien-3b-oldetails
General function:
Energy production and conversion
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reduction of the delta-24 double bond of sterol intermediates. Protects cells from oxidative stress by reducing caspase 3 activity during apoptosis induced by oxidative stress. Also protects against amyloid-beta peptide-induced apoptosis.
Gene Name:
DHCR24
Uniprot ID:
Q15392
Molecular weight:
60100.805
Reactions
Zymosterol intermediate 2 + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion → 5a-Cholest-8-en-3b-ol + NADPdetails