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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2007-05-22 21:24:24 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:27 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB06285
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name4-oxo-Retinoic acid
Description4-oxo-Retinoic acid is a biologically active geometric isomer of retinoic acid (RA). 4-oxo-retinoic acid is generated from its precursor canthaxanthin and enhances gap junctional communication in cells. Metabolic transformation of all-trans RA to 4-hydroxylated RA appears to be primarily catalyzed by the cytochrome P 450 (CYP) 26AI in human skin cells. Cellular levels of all-trans RA are meticulously regulated utilizing an array of systems to balance uptake, biosynthesis, catabolism, and efflux transport. RA is a critical regulator of gene expression during embryonic development and in the maintenance of adult epithelial tissues. (PMID: 8794203 , 7893159 , 17330217 , 16778795 , 17460545 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
4-keto-RetinoateHMDB
4-keto-Retinoic acidHMDB
4-KetoretinoateHMDB
4-Ketoretinoic acidHMDB
4-oxo-all-trans-RetinoateHMDB
4-oxo-all-trans-Retinoic acidHMDB
4-OxoretinoateHMDB
4-Oxoretinoic acidHMDB
4-OxotretinoinHMDB
all-trans-4-OxoretinoateHMDB
all-trans-4-Oxoretinoic acidHMDB
ro 11-4824HMDB
ro 12-4824HMDB
Chemical FormulaC20H26O3
Average Molecular Weight314.4186
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight314.188194698
IUPAC Name(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-3-oxocyclohex-1-en-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraenoic acid
Traditional Name4-oxo-retinoic acid
CAS Registry Number38030-57-8
SMILES
C\C(\C=C\C1=C(C)C(=O)CCC1(C)C)=C/C=C/C(/C)=C/C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C20H26O3/c1-14(7-6-8-15(2)13-19(22)23)9-10-17-16(3)18(21)11-12-20(17,4)5/h6-10,13H,11-12H2,1-5H3,(H,22,23)/b8-6+,10-9+,14-7+,15-13+
InChI KeyInChIKey=GGCUJPCCTQNTJF-FRCNGJHJSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as retinoids. These are oxygenated derivatives of 3,7-dimethyl-1-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-enyl)nona-1,3,5,7-tetraene and derivatives thereof.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassRetinoids
Direct ParentRetinoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Retinoid skeleton
  • Diterpenoid
  • Carbocyclic fatty acid
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Methyl-branched fatty acid
  • Branched fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug metabolite
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Waste products
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Nucleus
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0062 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.94ALOGPS
logP4.35ChemAxon
logS-4.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)5ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area54.37 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity98.48 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability36.62 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Nucleus
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Retinol MetabolismSMP00074map00830
Vitamin A DeficiencySMP00336Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00455
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023877
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4941652
KEGG Compound IDC16678
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID2430195
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB06285
Metagene LinkHMDB06285
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6437063
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID269971
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Stahl W, Hanusch M, Sies H: 4-oxo-retinoic acid is generated from its precursor canthaxanthin and enhances gap junctional communication in 10T1/2 cells. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1996;387:121-8. [8794203 ]
  2. Hanusch M, Stahl W, Schulz WA, Sies H: Induction of gap junctional communication by 4-oxoretinoic acid generated from its precursor canthaxanthin. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1995 Mar 10;317(2):423-8. [7893159 ]
  3. Gundersen TE, Bastani NE, Blomhoff R: Quantitative high-throughput determination of endogenous retinoids in human plasma using triple-stage liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2007;21(7):1176-86. [17330217 ]
  4. Heise R, Mey J, Neis MM, Marquardt Y, Joussen S, Ott H, Wiederholt T, Kurschat P, Megahed M, Bickers DR, Merk HF, Baron JM: Skin retinoid concentrations are modulated by CYP26AI expression restricted to basal keratinocytes in normal human skin and differentiated 3D skin models. J Invest Dermatol. 2006 Nov;126(11):2473-80. Epub 2006 Jun 15. [16778795 ]
  5. Lee SJ, Perera L, Coulter SJ, Mohrenweiser HW, Jetten A, Goldstein JA: The discovery of new coding alleles of human CYP26A1 that are potentially defective in the metabolism of all-trans retinoic acid and their assessment in a recombinant cDNA expression system. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2007 Mar;17(3):169-80. [17460545 ]