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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2008-08-06 15:31:56 UTC
Update Date2017-11-16 18:56:51 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0006762
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0000382
  • HMDB00382
  • HMDB06762
Metabolite Identification
Common Name17alpha,21-Dihydroxypregnenolone
Description17alpha,21-Dihydroxypregnenolone is an intermediate in the human fetus at midpregnancy that is converted into cortisol (PMID: 4231965 ). It has also been found as an intermediate in alternative pathways in human adrenal steroidogenesis that take place under in vitro conditions. In normal adrenal slices from patients with hypernephroid kidney carcinomas these pathways bypass cholesterol, pregnenolone, and progesterone, and proceed to 21-hydroxypregnenolone (PMID: 6247575 ). 17alpha,21-Dihydroxypregnenolone is an intermediate in C21-Steroid hormone metabolism. 17alpha,21-Dihydroxypregnenolone is the 5th to last step in the synthesis of Cortol and is converted from 17alpha-Hydroxypregnenolone via the enzyme cytochrome P450 (EC 1.14.99.10). It is then converted to 11beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxypregnenolone via the enzyme cytochrome P450 (EC 1.14.15.4).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
17alpha,21-Dihydroxypreg-nenoloneHMDB
17alpha,21-DihydroxypregnenoloneHMDB
17, 21-DihydroxypregnenoloneMeSH
3β,17α,21-TrihydroxypregnenoneHMDB
3beta,17alpha,21-TrihydroxypregnenoneHMDB
17α,21-DihydroxypregnenoloneCAS
17,21-DihydroxypregnenoloneCAS
3β,17,21-Trihydroxy-pregn-5-en-20-oneCAS
3beta,17,21-Trihydroxy-pregn-5-en-20-oneCAS
(3β)-3,17,21-Trihydroxypregn-5-en-20-oneCAS
(3beta)-3,17,21-Trihydroxypregn-5-en-20-oneCAS
3β,17α,21-Trihydroxypregn-5-en-20-oneCAS
3beta,17alpha,21-Trihydroxypregn-5-en-20-oneCAS
Chemical FormulaC21H32O4
Average Molecular Weight348.4764
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight348.230059512
IUPAC Name1-[(1S,2R,5S,10R,11S,14R,15S)-5,14-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadec-7-en-14-yl]-2-hydroxyethan-1-one
Traditional Name1-[(1S,2R,5S,10R,11S,14R,15S)-5,14-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadec-7-en-14-yl]-2-hydroxyethanone
CAS Registry Number1167-48-2
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@](O)(C(=O)CO)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC=C2C[C@@H](O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H32O4/c1-19-8-5-14(23)11-13(19)3-4-15-16(19)6-9-20(2)17(15)7-10-21(20,25)18(24)12-22/h3,14-17,22-23,25H,4-12H2,1-2H3/t14-,15+,16-,17-,19-,20-,21-/m0/s1
InChI KeyJNHJGXQUDOYJAK-IYRCEVNGSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 21-hydroxysteroids. These are steroids carrying a hydroxyl group at the 21-position of the steroid backbone.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassHydroxysteroids
Direct Parent21-hydroxysteroids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Progestogin-skeleton
  • 21-hydroxysteroid
  • 20-oxosteroid
  • Pregnane-skeleton
  • 3-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • 17-hydroxysteroid
  • Delta-5-steroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

  Biofluid and excreta:

  Tissue and substructures:

  Cell and elements:

Source:

  Biological:

    Animal:

Route of exposure:

  Enteral:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Cellular process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

  Molecular messenger:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.057 g/LALOGPS
logP2.6ALOGPS
logP2.02ChemAxon
logS-3.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.59ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area77.76 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity96.86 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability39.63 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00lr-4189000000-38652a1384b510a4e849View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0f6t-1111090000-ac64327581e7c755d285View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-001j-0029000000-0868a1856a2a865dc2daView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-01qa-0097000000-873e4eef53be76546e5fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00xr-0491000000-bf3679c3178ebe5ceb4eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0029000000-5f642a89fae11d677fdaView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-05bs-3098000000-d61819020861e0a89cf5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-6091000000-8a9828ddf7d9d4a69ef6View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP11B1)Pw000551Pw000551 greyscalePw000551 simpleNot Available
17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP17)Pw000542Pw000542 greyscalePw000542 simpleNot Available
21-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP21)Pw000552Pw000552 greyscalePw000552 simpleNot Available
3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase DeficiencyPw000695Pw000695 greyscalePw000695 simpleNot Available
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 3 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase DeficiencyPw000177Pw000177 greyscalePw000177 simpleNot Available
Displaying entries 1 - 5 of 11 in total
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB024065
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID167253
KEGG Compound IDC05487
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound192735
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27832
References
Synthesis ReferenceHeer, J.; Miescher, K. Steroids. CIV. The synthesis of the dihydroxyacetone side chain in the steroid series. Helvetica Chimica Acta (1951), 34 359-72.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Pasqualini JR, Lowy J, Wiqvist N, Diczfalusy E: Biosynthesis of cortisol from 3 beta, 17 alpha,21-trihydroxypregn-5-en-20-one by the intact human foetus at midpregnancy. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1968 May 1;152(3):648-50. [PubMed:4231965 ]
  2. Kaufmann SH, Sinterhauf K, Lommer D: Alternative pathways in human corticosteroid biosynthesis. J Steroid Biochem. 1980 Jun;13(6):599-605. [PubMed:6247575 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Has steroid 11-beta-hydroxylase activity. In addition to this activity, the 18 or 19-hydroxylation of steroids and the aromatization of androstendione to estrone have also been ascribed to cytochrome P450 XIB.
Gene Name:
CYP11B1
Uniprot ID:
P15538
Molecular weight:
57572.44
Reactions
17alpha,21-Dihydroxypregnenolone + Reduced ferredoxin + Oxygen → 11b,17a,21-Trihydroxypreg-nenolone + Oxidized ferredoxin + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in 3-beta-hydroxy-delta5-steroid dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
3-beta-HSD is a bifunctional enzyme, that catalyzes the oxidative conversion of Delta(5)-ene-3-beta-hydroxy steroid, and the oxidative conversion of ketosteroids. The 3-beta-HSD enzymatic system plays a crucial role in the biosynthesis of all classes of hormonal steroids. Efficiently catalyzes the transformation of pregnenolone to progesterone, 17-alpha-hydroxypregnenolone to 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, DHEA to 4-androstenedione, dihydrotestosterone to 5-alpha-androstane-3 beta,17 beta-diol, dehydroepiandrosterone to androstenedione and 5-alpha-androstan-3 beta,17 beta-diol to 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone.
Gene Name:
HSD3B1
Uniprot ID:
P14060
Molecular weight:
42251.25
Reactions
Cortexolone + Hydrogen Ion + NADH → 17alpha,21-Dihydroxypregnenolone + NADdetails
General function:
Involved in 3-beta-hydroxy-delta5-steroid dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
3-beta-HSD is a bifunctional enzyme, that catalyzes the oxidative conversion of Delta(5)-ene-3-beta-hydroxy steroid, and the oxidative conversion of ketosteroids. The 3-beta-HSD enzymatic system plays a crucial role in the biosynthesis of all classes of hormonal steroids.
Gene Name:
HSD3B2
Uniprot ID:
P26439
Molecular weight:
42051.845
Reactions
Cortexolone + Hydrogen Ion + NADH → 17alpha,21-Dihydroxypregnenolone + NADdetails
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Preferentially catalyzes the conversion of 11-deoxycorticosterone to aldosterone via corticosterone and 18-hydroxycorticosterone.
Gene Name:
CYP11B2
Uniprot ID:
P19099
Molecular weight:
57559.62
Reactions
17alpha,21-Dihydroxypregnenolone + Reduced ferredoxin + Oxygen → 11b,17a,21-Trihydroxypreg-nenolone + Oxidized ferredoxin + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
P450-CYP21B
Uniprot ID:
Q16874
Molecular weight:
56000.9
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
CYP21A2
Uniprot ID:
Q08AG9
Molecular weight:
55972.9
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Specifically catalyzes the 21-hydroxylation of steroids. Required for the adrenal synthesis of mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids.
Gene Name:
CYP21A2
Uniprot ID:
P08686
Molecular weight:
56000.94
Reactions
17a-Hydroxypregnenolone + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion + Oxygen → 17alpha,21-Dihydroxypregnenolone + NADP + Waterdetails