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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-08-06 15:50:48 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:56 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB06763
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name20a,22b-Dihydroxycholesterol
Description20alpha,22beta-Dihydroxycholesterol is an intermediate in C21-Steroid hormone metabolism. 20alpha,22beta-Dihydroxycholesterol is the 8th to last step in the synthesis of 3alpha,11beta,21-Trihydroxy-20-oxo-5beta-pregnan-18-al and is converted from 20alpha-Hydroxycholesterol via the enzyme cytochrome P450 (EC 1.14.15.6). It is then converted to Pregnenolone via the enzyme cytochrome P450 (EC 1.14.15.6).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
20alpha,22beta-DihydroxycholesterolHMDB
Not availableHMDB
Chemical FormulaC27H46O3
Average Molecular Weight418.6523
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight418.344695338
IUPAC Name(2R,3R)-2-[(1S,2R,10S,11S,14S,15S)-5-hydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-7-en-14-yl]-6-methylheptane-2,3-diol
Traditional Name(2R,3R)-2-[(1S,2R,10S,11S,14S,15S)-5-hydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-7-en-14-yl]-6-methylheptane-2,3-diol
CAS Registry Number15234-55-6
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@]([H])([C@@](C)(O)[C@H](O)CCC(C)C)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC=C2CC(O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H46O3/c1-17(2)6-11-24(29)27(5,30)23-10-9-21-20-8-7-18-16-19(28)12-14-25(18,3)22(20)13-15-26(21,23)4/h7,17,19-24,28-30H,6,8-16H2,1-5H3/t19?,20-,21-,22-,23-,24+,25-,26-,27+/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=ISBSSBGEYIBVTO-IVMOZYHGSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as trihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives. These are prenol lipids structurally characterized by a bile acid or alcohol which bears three hydroxyl groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentTrihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cholesterol-skeleton
  • Cholesterol
  • Cholestane-skeleton
  • Trihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 22-hydroxysteroid
  • 20-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • Delta-5-steroid
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.008 mg/mLALOGPS
logP5.08ALOGPS
logP4.72ChemAxon
logS-4.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)13.61ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area60.69 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity123.66 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability51.5 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP11B1)SMP00575Not Available
17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP17)SMP00566Not Available
21-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP21)SMP00576Not Available
3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase DeficiencySMP00718Not Available
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 3 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00373Not Available
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 5 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 17 Alpha-hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00372Not Available
Apparent mineralocorticoid excess syndromeSMP00717Not Available
Congenital Lipoid Adrenal Hyperplasia (CLAH) or Lipoid CAHSMP00371Not Available
Corticosterone methyl oxidase I deficiency (CMO I)SMP00577Not Available
Corticosterone methyl oxidase II deficiency - CMO IISMP00578Not Available
SteroidogenesisSMP00130map00140
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB024066
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC05501
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB06763
Metagene LinkHMDB06763
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound53477897
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID1294
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the side-chain cleavage reaction of cholesterol to pregnenolone.
Gene Name:
CYP11A1
Uniprot ID:
P05108
Molecular weight:
60101.87
Reactions
20a,22b-Dihydroxycholesterol + Oxygen + Reduced adrenal ferredoxin + Hydrogen Ion → 4-Methylpentanal + Pregnenolone + Water + Oxidized adrenal ferredoxindetails
20alpha-Hydroxycholesterol + Oxygen + Reduced adrenal ferredoxin + Hydrogen Ion → 20a,22b-Dihydroxycholesterol + Water + Oxidized adrenal ferredoxindetails
22b-Hydroxycholesterol + Oxygen + Reduced adrenal ferredoxin + Hydrogen Ion → 20a,22b-Dihydroxycholesterol + Water + Oxidized adrenal ferredoxindetails